The Starry Night (1889) by Vincent van GoghMoMA The Museum of Modern Art
1. Vincent van Gogh, The Starry Night
As the village sleeps, the night sky swirls with restless energy. Silhouetted against the shining stars is a tall, thin cypress - a tree traditionally associated with death, but which dots the landscape of France.
Many people see this as Van Gogh's masterpiece, and it's hard to disagree.
The Dream (1910) by Henri RousseauMoMA The Museum of Modern Art
Perhaps because he never travelled outside of France, Rousseau was obsessed with the image of the lush tropical jungle. Instead he made do with the zoos and botanical gardens of Paris.
Composition of Circles and Overlapping Angles (1930) by Sophie Taeuber-ArpMoMA The Museum of Modern Art
Its precise structure and utilitarian name suggests an affinity between the production of oils on canvases and the mass-production of machine components.
Polar Stampede, 1960 © Pollock-Krasner Foundation (1960/1960) by Lee KrasnerBarbican Centre
Philadelphia (1961) by Lee FriedlanderFundacion MAPFRE
5. Lee Friedlander, Philadelphia
Lee Friedlander turned his camera to the banal, mundane, and fundamentally kitsch aspects of modern American life.
Nan and Brian in Bed, New York City (1983) by Nan GoldinMoMA The Museum of Modern Art
6. Nan Goldin, Nan and Brian in Bed, New York City
At the other end of the spectrum, Nan Goldin's intimate photography takes us deep to the heart of her circle of friends and lovers.
Study of Perspective - Hong Kong (1995/2003) by Ai WeiweiMoMA The Museum of Modern Art
Marble metope from the Parthenon (-447/-438)British Museum