During the reign of King James I, theatre moved indoors for the first time. Covered buildings could open all year round and were more exclusive, playing to a wealthier, more sophisticated and better-behaved crowd.
Lit by candles they also allowed primitive lighting effects for the first time, employing covered lanterns which allowed directional light at key moments. The buildings themselves, the best known being The Blackfriars Playhouse, were rectangular with walls lined by boxes.
Portret van Inigo Jones (1627 - 1636) by Voerst, Robert vanRijksmuseum
Architect Inigo Jones produced many of these plays. His designs for huge scenic backgrounds and elaborate costumes survive to this day. Jones's work on these spectacular productions set a template for the evolution of indoor theatre in the centuries to follow.
The Puritan The Puritan (1883–86, cast 1899 or after) by Augustus Saint-GaudensThe Metropolitan Museum of Art