African diaspora approaches to family history and genealogy can involve looking at maps, documentary records, oral history, and more. These are all important resources in reclaiming and defining our identity, building our resilience, and providing a platform to understand and develop our own solutions in tackling inequality, racism, and the negative impact of globalization.
Using a world history perspective is essential in understanding the complexity of family history in an African context. Explore some of the different ways you can uncover your family history...
Using maps to trace family history
Maps are becoming an invaluable resource in tracing family history. Historically, maps were developed using information from a variety of sources. European missionaries, soldiers, entrepreneurs, diplomats, and explorers over the centuries have all contributed to map-making, often to reflect their own ‘interests’, to illustrate opportunities, and, in some cases, to try and justify colonization.
Map of West Africa 'Regio Nigritarum' (1663) by Joan BlaeuBlack Cultural Archives
Interpretation of these early maps can offer insight into the political, social, and environmental factors that have shaped, and continue to shape, African diaspora family history.
Maps of the Caribbean and Africa Maps of the Caribbean and Africa (1662-1994) by VariousBlack Cultural Archives
Discovering ancestry through the archives
There is a range of family information that you can obtain from your local council archives, family history centers, and National Archives, including civil certificates from weddings and funerals, census records, and military records.
Amy Barbour-James (Circa 1907) by This photo was retrieved from Amy Barbour's house by Historian Jeffrey GreenBlack Cultural Archives
Through records, Arnold Gordon was able to trace his ancestor...
Arnold Gordon (2016) by BBCBlack Cultural Archives
Sara Bonetta Forbes (1987) by Viking booksBlack Cultural Archives
Cedric Barber was able to trace Francis Barber...
Cedric Barber (2016) by BBCBlack Cultural Archives
...his ancestor from Jamaica who worked for Dr Samuel Johnson.
Francis Barber by Sir Joshua ReynoldsBlack Cultural Archives
Tracing history through family trees
People can also trace the family history of their African and Caribbean descendants through family trees.
For instance, see the family tree of George Africanus, a free servant in Wolverhampton with the Molineux family who then moved to Nottingham where he was married and started a family. The family tree is visible over two generations.
George Scipio Africanus (1987) by Len GarrisonBlack Cultural Archives
Discover the Windrush Generation through historical images
Tens of thousands of individuals, often teenagers or young adults, migrated to Britain after the Second World War and up to the late 1960s. Many have never been afforded the opportunity to look back on their shared past.
Through exploring historical images of the Caribbean, these young people can share the lessons and challenges of their own journey in the context of family history and migration, or simply reminisce about their family’s past.
Black Nurses: The Woman who Saved the NHS (2016) by MaroonProductionsBlack Cultural Archives
The Windrush Generation came initially by ships – and subsequently by planes – to Britain. The ships’ passenger lists covering the period 1878 to 1960 are held at The National Archives.
A Ship’s Manifest is particularly useful for its records details which may include the passenger’s name, date of birth, the port of departure and arrival, and the name of the ship they traveled on.
Empire Windrush (1990) by UnknownBlack Cultural Archives
These different resources are great places to start discovering your family history and begin engaging in intergenerational dialogue about community and heritage.
GIs who were stationed in Aberysychan village, Wales ("Circa1944") by Monk FamilyBlack Cultural Archives
Words by Patrick Vernon OBE, inventor of the family history board game The Windrush Game.