Dwelling in the Fuchun Mountains

By National Palace Museum

Together with his Taoist friend Zheng Wuyong, Huang Gongwang in 1347 returned to Fuchun, starting this handscroll and completing it three to four years later. This scroll's depiction of an idealized panorama of the Fuchun Mountains represents Huang's greatest surviving work. 

Dwelling in the Fuchun Mountains (Wu-yung Version) (AD 1279-AD 1368) by Huang Gongwang (1269-1354)National Palace Museum

''The Master Wuyong Scroll'' version of ''Dwelling in the Fuchun Mountains'' is composed of six joined pieces of paper and measures more than six meters in length. The first section of paper has traces of damage where repairs were done. Suffering from fire in 1650, the first part of the scroll was cut off (and now is in the Zhejiang Provincial Museum collection).

The painting features layers of brush and ink, the landscape forms outlined and washed with great variation.

The mountain shapes throughout the scroll range from rounded ones up close in layers stacked to the back to gently rolling slopes and banks, and even lofty peaks, revealing a rich variety to the landscape pattern.

The scroll begins with gentle hills and sandbanks. The dwellings are either nestled closely or scattered widely, while the trees and rocks are arranged in a fascinating fashion.

In this section, steep mountain ridges rise and fall and the dense forests merge with one another. This is the most precisely painted part of the scroll.

Here the river widens and the mountains rise sharply.

Long, continuous strokes are used to depict the mountains, while ripples expand across the water at the mountain base.

Nearby stand pine trees and a thatched pavilion; a lone fisherman in a boat floats by the shore.

At this point, the scenery turns to extend towards the horizon, the vista broadening and the ink lightening.

Near the end of the scroll, the artist painted woods by a sandbank and riverside dwellings.

One mountain rises sharply in the center by the riverbank.

In the background, mountain ranges and the wide river stretch out across the horizon.

This handscroll painting not only represents scenery of reclusion in Fuchun, it even more so reflects Huang Gongwang's idealized image of the landscape transformed through his exploration of nature.

Landscape Reunited - Huang Gongwang and “Dwelling in the Fuchun Mountains”National Palace Museum

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