Kimono types & TPO (Time, Place, Occasion)

Just like there are rules for western-style dressing, there are several different types of kimono and each has the appropriate TPO. Here are some examples.

The Kyoto Museum of Traditional Crafts, FUREAIKAN

Furisode Kimono 'Weeping cherry blossoms pattern' (2003)The Kyoto Museum of Traditional Crafts, FUREAIKAN

The modern kimono ”furisode” for young unmarried women

Furisode is the most formal kimono for young unmarried women with unique and brilliantly decorated long sleeves (3 lengths are available : short, medium and long).

In Japan, you may see lots of young ladies dressed in furisode at the coming-of-age ceremony in January.

Furisode Kimono 'Weeping cherry blossoms' (2001) by Kiyokazu InoueThe Kyoto Museum of Traditional Crafts, FUREAIKAN

This is also a furisode with the motif of weeping cherry blossoms.

Kimono designed by the student of college of arts 5 by UnknownThe Kyoto Museum of Traditional Crafts, FUREAIKAN

This unique furisode was designed by a student of a college of arts.

Japan on the sleeve, a motorbike on the back! What an unique kimono!

Tomesode Kimono 'the festival of Mifune' (2001) by Susumu TakehaneThe Kyoto Museum of Traditional Crafts, FUREAIKAN

The modern kimono ”tomesode” for married women

Tomesode is the most formal kimono for married women. Its sleeves are much shorter than those of furisode and it has 5 family crests. (BTW, the number of family crests shows the extent of formality. For example, kimono with 3 family crests is less formal than one with 5.)

Common tomesode is black but some have different colours like this deep purple kimono with the design of famous Kyoto festival.

Tomesode Kimono 'A view of small bridge and willow', Kotaro Sakamoto, 2001, From the collection of: The Kyoto Museum of Traditional Crafts, FUREAIKAN
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This brightly coloured kimono is also a tomesode.

Tomesode Kimono 'Roosters' (2001) by Mitsuo KumagaiThe Kyoto Museum of Traditional Crafts, FUREAIKAN

This is a black tomesode with energetic roosters. Famous Japanese painter, Jakuchu Ito, loved the motif of roosters.

Tomesode Kimono 'The illusion of Chrysanthemum' (2003)The Kyoto Museum of Traditional Crafts, FUREAIKAN

The gorgeous chrysanthemums on the hem are eye-catching.

Tomesode Kimono 'Japonism' (2003)The Kyoto Museum of Traditional Crafts, FUREAIKAN

The contrast of fresh flowers and black is impressive.

Homongi Kimono 'flowers' (2004) by Shuichi YamazakiThe Kyoto Museum of Traditional Crafts, FUREAIKAN

The modern kimono ”homongi” for official visits

Homongi is less formal than tomesode and furisode, but is worn at official ceremonies or parties like the vintage dress. The characteristics of homongi is the connecting design on the chest, shoulder, sleeves and skirt. Generally, the owner puts 1 or 3 family crests.

The modern kimono ”homongi” for official visits Homongi is less formal than tomesode and furisode, but is worn at official ceremonies or parties like the vintage dress. The characteristics of homongi is the connecting design on the chest, shoulder, sleeves and skirt. Generally, the owner puts 1 or 3 family crests.

Homongi Kimono 'Combination of bamboo,plum,chrysanthemum,orchid', Hiroshi Fujii, 2001, From the collection of: The Kyoto Museum of Traditional Crafts, FUREAIKAN
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This homongi has lots of traditional patterns.

Homongi Kimono 'The view of Higashiyama in spring', Toshiki Matsui, 1999, From the collection of: The Kyoto Museum of Traditional Crafts, FUREAIKAN
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Homongi with the design of Higashiyama in spring.

Homongi Kimono 'Foliage in Arashiyama', 1999, From the collection of: The Kyoto Museum of Traditional Crafts, FUREAIKAN
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Tie-dyed homongi with the design of autumn foliage.

Tsukesage Kimono 'Yokodan Sarasa', Unknown, From the collection of: The Kyoto Museum of Traditional Crafts, FUREAIKAN
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The modern kimono ”tsukesage” for intermediate class between homongi & komon. Tsukesage is less formal than homongi. Unlike homongi, there is no connecting design.

Tsukesage Kimono 'Cherry blossoms in the mountain', 2003, From the collection of: The Kyoto Museum of Traditional Crafts, FUREAIKAN
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This is also a tsukesage with totally different atmosphere.

Tsukesage kimono 'Snow crystal embroided by gold', Hirotoshi Murayama, 2005, From the collection of: The Kyoto Museum of Traditional Crafts, FUREAIKAN
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The design would be also beautiful in a dress.

Homongi Kimono, Kyo Komon Dyeing (2001) by Seizo YamashitaThe Kyoto Museum of Traditional Crafts, FUREAIKAN

The modern kimono ”komon” for private & casual occasions. Komon is the kimono decorated by stencil dyeing with small patterns. The design is quite flexible (yuzen dyeing, tie-dyeing etc) and each komon has very unique atmosphere. The owner can enjoy choosing different komons to show her fashionable sense.

You will find many kinds of small patterns when it is zoomed.

Komon Kimono'The festival of Kyokusui', 2004, From the collection of: The Kyoto Museum of Traditional Crafts, FUREAIKAN
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A komon kimono with monotone colour and small flowers.

Komon Kimono 'Mimoza', Unknown, From the collection of: The Kyoto Museum of Traditional Crafts, FUREAIKAN
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This is also a komon kimono. How cheerful the atmosphere is!

Obi sash 'Snow crystalsandrabbits patterns'The Kyoto Museum of Traditional Crafts, FUREAIKAN

The combination of kimono with obi sash is also very important. It also has appropriate TPOs and people can always enjoy the coordination.

Obi sash 'Cherry blossomsandfoliage in mesh patterns'The Kyoto Museum of Traditional Crafts, FUREAIKAN

Generally, obi sashes for ladies are over 4m long and are wrapped around the kimono. This obi sash has both cherry blossoms & autumn foliage patterns.

Obi sash for summer 'Braided cord patterns'The Kyoto Museum of Traditional Crafts, FUREAIKAN

This obi sash has woven braided cord patterns. It perfectly fits for summer!

obi sash 'Gion matsuri festival'The Kyoto Museum of Traditional Crafts, FUREAIKAN

The motif is famous Gion Matsuri festival, which was designated as a world intangible heritage.

A unique design of floats and paper lanterns of Gion Matsuri festival are executed using splendid weaving techniques.

Obi sash 'The Kyoto selection'The Kyoto Museum of Traditional Crafts, FUREAIKAN

A gorgeous obi sash with many symbolic traditional patterns.

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