Discover Kenya's Birthplace

Step inside the freedom park to learn about its iconic monuments

By National Museums of Kenya

Welcome to Uhuru Gardens Memorial Park

Located along Langata road, 15 minutes drive from Nairobi city center, is Uhuru Gardens, Kenya’s largest Memorial Park. 'Uhuru' is a swahili word meaning freedom.

A National Monument

The gardens were officially declared a National Monument in 1966 because of their historical importance. Within the gardens are a Mugumo (fig) tree and two monuments commemorating Kenya’s independence.

20th Anniversary Monument

The monument consists of three sculptures, representing the spirit of the Kenyan people.

The Mugumo tree

The fig tree was planted on the spot where the Union Jack (British flag) was brought down and Kenya’s national flag was first hoisted thus marking the very first year of independence on the 12th December 1963.

Courage, strength and defense of freedom

The first sculpture – with the man, a shield and two spears – symbolizes courage, strength and defense of freedom.

Amani, Upendo na Umoja

The sculpture in the centre stands for the Kenyan motto; Amani, Upendo na Umoja i.e. love, peace and unity.


The sculpture on the right side represents unity, with four people hoisting up the Kenyan flag.

25th Anniversary Monument

Erected in 1987 to celebrate the 25th anniversary, the monument depicts three people pushing a marble prism and column.

Nyayo: the spirit of peace, love and unity

The sculpture symbolizes the unity of the Kenyan people.

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