Their Traces | Part 3

Centuries - Personalities - Signatures

Franz Joseph I Hungarian King (1910)National Archives of Hungary

Dualism
in Hungary

 

The Austro-Hungarian Monarchy was born when the Article XII of 1867 entered into force. This opened a new era in Hungarian history. How was the way to the Compromise, and what were the main turning points in the history of the dualist state?

The October Diploma in Hungarian pg. 1. (1860-10-20)National Archives of Hungary

In 1859, with the defeat at Solferino, Austria lost much of its Italian territories. The loss forced Franz Joseph to arrange his relationship with Hungary and prepare for the war for the German unification.

The October Diploma in Hungarian (last page with the signature of Franz Joseph) (1860-10-20)National Archives of Hungary

On October 20, 1860, as an expression of his intention to reconciliation, he issued the October Diploma, which restored the government organs operated before 1848, and the official language became Hungarian again.

Frant Joseph's seal on the October Diploma (1860-10-20)National Archives of Hungary

Ferenc Deák’s proposal on the immediate restoration of the Constitution, which reflects to the Royal Declaration of November 17, 1866 pg. 1. (1866-11-29)National Archives of Hungary

Ferenc Deák’s proposal on the immediate restoration of the Constitution, which reflects to the Royal Declaration of November 17, 1866.

Ferenc Deák’s proposal on the immediate restoration of the Constitution, which reflects to the Royal Declaration of November 17, 1866 pg. 2. (1866-11-29)National Archives of Hungary

Letter of Queen Elizabeth to the Prime Minister Count Gyula Andrássy (1867-06-10)National Archives of Hungary

Letter of Queen Elizabeth to the Prime Minister about the offer of the coronation gift to the orphans and widows of the former Honvéd soldiers, and to the disabled soldiers.

Report by Count Gyula Andrássy about the procedure of the greeting delegation on the occasion of the birth of Queen and Empress Elizabeth pg. 1. (1867-01-13)National Archives of Hungary

Report by Count Gyula Andrássy about the procedure of the greeting delegation on the occasion of the birth of Queen and Empress Elizabeth.

Report by Count Gyula Andrássy about the procedure of the greeting delegation on the occasion of the birth of Queen and Empress Elizabeth pg. 2. (1867-01-13)National Archives of Hungary

Prime Minister Kálmán Tisza informed the Correspondent of the House of Representatives about the opening of the Parliament. (1878-10-17)National Archives of Hungary

Prime Minister Kálmán Tisza informed the Correspondent of the House of Representatives about the opening of the Parliament.

Prime Minister Kálmán Tisza informed the Correspondent of the House of Representatives about the opening of the Parliament pg. 2. (1878-10-17)National Archives of Hungary

Prime Minister Kálmán Tisza informed the Correspondent of the House of Representatives about the opening of the Parliament. (Sitting order of the representatives) (1878-10-17)National Archives of Hungary

István Tisza Prime Minister (1912) by Károly KollerNational Archives of Hungary

The Great War

The war that broke out in the summer of 1914 was greater than ever before, soon contemporaries called it the “Great War”. The Prime Minister, István Tisza’s name was intertwined with the World War I in Hungary. Who was he and what did he represent?

Submission Nr. 5799 M.E. from the Hungarian Prime Minister, count István Tisza to the ruler on the extension of the scope of exceptional measures and issuing new regulations in the event of war pg. 1. (1914-08-03)National Archives of Hungary

Submission Nr. 5799 M.E. from the Hungarian Prime Minister, count István Tisza to the ruler on the extension of the scope of exceptional measures and issuing new regulations in the event of war.

Submission Nr. 5799 M.E. from the Hungarian Prime Minister, count István Tisza to the ruler on the extension of the scope of exceptional measures and issuing new regulations in the event of war (last page). (1914-08-03)National Archives of Hungary

Following the state of war with Serbia, the first measures of the Tisza government introduced Article 63 of 1912 on Sovereign Power. The article granted the government the right to govern by regulations, granted the authority to exercise sovereign power, including the right to appoint government commissioners, the suspension of municipal autonomies, statute of judges, preliminary press censorship, restrictions on freedom of assembly, the widespread utilization of police and gendarmerie forces, and strict actions against strikes.

Franz Joseph’s letter to Prime Minister István Tisza (1914-07-28)National Archives of Hungary

“I have examined and weighed everything.” Franz Joseph’s Manifesto on the causes of the state of war between the Monarchy and Serbia, which begins with the words: “To my peoples!”, and the accompanying letter of the Emperor.

Franz Joseph's Manifest: “To my peoples!” pg. 1. (1914-07-28)National Archives of Hungary

The text of the Emperor's Manifest: “To my peoples!”

Franz Joseph's Manifest: “To my peoples!” pg. 2. (1914-07-28)National Archives of Hungary

Trench on the Eastern Front (1914/1918) by Count Gyula KárolyiNational Archives of Hungary

On the Eastern Front (1914/1918) by Count Gyula KárolyiNational Archives of Hungary

Peace treaty negotiation at Palace Trianon (2017)National Archives of Hungary

Treaty of Trianon of 1920 (1921)National Archives of Hungary

Treaty of Trianon of 1920

Treaty of Trianon of 1920 (Foreword) (1921)National Archives of Hungary

As a result of the peace, Hungary lost about two-thirds of its territory and population, and became a small state of less than eight million inhabitants from a median power of twenty million people.

Endre Ady poet (1915) by Aladár SzékelyNational Archives of Hungary

The Freemasonry

What is the mysterious Freemasonry, and who are the Freemasons? How did they come to Hungary and what role did they play here? How did the famous poet Endre Ady ended up in their organization?

Document related to Freemasonry, seized from Major Friedrich Ries (1700/1800)National Archives of Hungary

Documents and objects related to Freemasonry, seized from Major Friedrich Ries.

Object related to Freemasonry, seized from Major Friedrich Ries. (1700)National Archives of Hungary

The most important symbols of the Freemasons are the Volume of Sacred Law representing religious or philosophical texts, which are displayed during a Lodge meeting, manual tools of stonemasons, the square and the compasses, the all-seeing eye, the trowel and the raw and crafted ashlar.

Document related to Freemasonry, seized from Major Friedrich Ries. (1700)National Archives of Hungary

The application of Endre Ady to the Martinovics Lodge (1912-03-05)National Archives of Hungary

The application of Endre Ady to the Martinovics Lodge, which is the oldest organization of the Grand Orient in Hungary, and the only one which operates, with smaller interruptions, since 1908. On the handwritten and signed form, Ady briefly described his biography.

The application of Endre Ady to the Martinovics Lodge pt. 2. (1912-03-05)National Archives of Hungary

The application was read out and debated at the lodge’s meeting on March 15, 1912, and the application was accepted. The objectives of the lodge were the same as those of the radicalists, namely the modernization of the country, universal and secret suffrage, rights for nationalities, and land reform.

Count János Fekete’s letter to his son, Count Ferenc Fekete (1797-01-28)National Archives of Hungary

Count János Fekete’s letter to his son, Count Ferenc Fekete, in which he quotes from Ovidius. János Fekete, a learned poet of the era, who exchanged letters with Voltaire as well, wrote his letters in five languages.

Count János Fekete’s letter to his son, with his French poems (1797-01-28)National Archives of Hungary

He also sent his French poems, one on Frederick (the Great) II Prussian King’s visit to Neustadt in 1770, and one on Prince Friedrich Ludwig Karl von Preußen’s death (December 28, 1796) as an attachment.

Credits: Story

THEIR TRACES

This online exhibition is curated by László Sándor Németh with help of Gergő Paukovics and Ábel Takács.

The content of the exhibition is based on the temporary exhibition "Their Traces: Centuries-Personalities-Signatures", held at the National Archives of Hungary, Budapest from 15 March 2016 to 15 March 2018.
For more information please visit
NYOMOT HAGYTAK | THEIR TRACES

Credits: All media
The story featured may in some cases have been created by an independent third party and may not always represent the views of the institutions, listed below, who have supplied the content.
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