Jeju Volcanic Island and Lava Tubes

UNESCO World Heritage

Geomunoreum (2007) by Jeju Volcanic Island and Lava TubesUNESCO World Heritage

The volcanic museum

Jeju Volcanic Island and Lava Tubes is a coherent serial property comprising three components. The unequalled quality of the Geomunoreum lava tube system and the exhibition of diverse and accessible volcanic features in the other two components demonstrate a distinctive and important contribution to the understanding of global volcanism.

Yongcheondonggul lava tube (2007) by Jeju Volcanic Island and Lava TubesUNESCO World Heritage

The Geomunoreum lava tube system, which is regarded as the finest such cave system in the world, has an outstanding visual impact even for those experienced with such phenomena. It displays the unique spectacle of multi-coloured carbonate decorations adorning the roofs and floors, and dark-coloured lava walls, partially covered by a mural of carbonate deposits.

Seongsan Illchulbong by Jeju Volcanic Island and Lava TubesUNESCO World Heritage

The fortress-like Seongsan Ilchulbong tuff cone, with its walls rising out of the ocean, is a dramatic landscape feature. Mount Halla, with its array of textures and colours through the changing seasons and waterfalls, display of multi-shaped rock formations and columnar-jointed cliffs, and the towering summit with its lake-filled crater, further adds to the scenic and aesthetic appeal.

UNESCO triple crown (2007) by Jeju Volcanic Island and Lava TubesUNESCO World Heritage

“UNESCO’s triple crown of Jeju Island”: Jeju Island does not only carry the UNESCO Global Geopark label, it has also been awarded the UNESCO Biosphere Reserve and World Heritage label.

Manjanggul Lava Tube (2007) by Jeju Volcanic Island and Lava TubesUNESCO World Heritage

Jeju has a distinctive value as one of the few large shield volcanoes in the world built over a hot spot on a stationary continental crust plate. It is distinguished by the Geomunoreum lava tube system, which is the most impressive and significant series of protected lava tube caves in the world and includes a spectacular array of secondary carbonate speleothems (stalactites and other decorations), with an abundance and diversity unknown elsewhere within a lava cave.

Seongsan Illchulbong and Woman Diver (2007) by Jeju Volcanic Island and Lava TubesUNESCO World Heritage

The Seongsan Ilchulbong tuff cone has exceptional exposures of its structural and sedimentological characteristics, making it a world-class location for understanding Surtseyan-type volcanic eruptions.

Seongsan Illchulbong Tuff Cone (2007) by Jeju Volcanic Island and Lava TubesUNESCO World Heritage

Jeju Volcanic Island and Lava Tubes together comprise three sites that make up 18,846 ha. It includes Geomunoreum, regarded as the finest lava tube system of caves anywhere, with its multicoloured carbonate roofs and floors, and dark-coloured lava walls; the fortress-like Seongsan Ilchulbong tuff cone, rising out of the ocean, a dramatic landscape; and Mount Halla, the highest in Korea, with its waterfalls, multi-shaped rock formations and lake-filled crater.

Yongmeori coast (2007) by Jeju Volcanic Island and Lava TubesUNESCO World Heritage

The site, of outstanding aesthetic beauty, also bears testimony to the history of the planet, its features and processes.

World Natural Heritage, Trip to Jeju (2007) by Jeju Volcanic Island and Lava TubesUNESCO World Heritage

Jeju Volcanic Island and Lava Tubes is a coherent serial property comprising three components. The unequalled quality of the Geomunoreum lava tube system and the exhibition of diverse and accessible volcanic features in the other two components demonstrate a distinctive and important contribution to the understanding of global volcanism.

Columnar joints (2007) by Jeju Volcanic Island and Lava TubesUNESCO World Heritage

Criterion (vii): The Geomunoreum lava tube system, which is regarded as the finest such cave system in the world, has an outstanding visual impact even for those experienced with such phenomena. It displays the unique spectacle of multi-coloured carbonate decorations adorning the roofs and floors, and dark-coloured lava walls, partially covered by a mural of carbonate deposits. The fortress-like Seongsan Ilchulbong tuff cone, with its walls rising out of the ocean, is a dramatic landscape feature, and Mount Halla, with its array of textures and colours through the changing seasons, waterfalls, display of multi-shaped rock formations and columnar-jointed cliffs, and the towering summit with its lake-filled crater, further adds to the scenic and aesthetic appeal.

Suwolbong Peak (2007) by Jeju Volcanic Island and Lava TubesUNESCO World Heritage

Criterion (viii): Jeju has a distinctive value as one of the few large shield volcanoes in the world built over a hot spot on a stationary continental crust plate. It is distinguished by the Geomunoreum lava tube system, which is the most impressive and significant series of protected lava tube caves in the world and includes a spectacular array of secondary carbonate speleothems (stalactites and other decorations), with an abundance and diversity unknown elsewhere within a lava cave. The Seongsan Ilchulbong tuff cone has exceptional exposures of its structural and sedimentological characteristics, making it a world-class location for understanding Surtseyan-type volcanic eruptions.

Spring of the Mt. Hallasan (2007) by Jeju Volcanic Island and Lava TubesUNESCO World Heritage

Mt. Hallasan is a dormant volcano displaying pristine natural beauty throughout the changing seasons. In spring, royal azaleas blossom red between rocks, waterfalls loom in thick forests creating mists in summer, colorful autumn foliages capture the eye and snow flowers cover all towering rocks and tree branches in winter.

Seongsan Ilchulbong Peak.

Credits: Story

This exhibit was created by the World Heritage Office, Jeju Special Self-Governing Province
www.jeju.go.kr

More on the Jeju Volcanic Island and Lava Tubes and World Heritage:
https://whc.unesco.org/en/list/1264

Photos: World Heritage Office, Jeju Special Self-Governing Province

Credits: All media
The story featured may in some cases have been created by an independent third party and may not always represent the views of the institutions, listed below, who have supplied the content.
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