Yves Meyer, Ingrid Daubechies, Terence Tao and Emmanuel Candès

Find out about the careers of the mathematicians jointly granted the 2020 Prince of Asturias Award for Technical and Scientific Research.

By Fundación Princesa de Asturias

Yves Meyer, Ingrid Daubechies, Terence Tao and Emmanuel CandèsFundación Princesa de Asturias

Yves Meyer (French), Ingrid Daubechies (Belgian and American), Terence Tao (Australian and American), and Emmanuel Candès (French and American) have made immeasurable, ground-breaking contributions to modern theories and techniques of mathematical data and signal processing.

Yves Meyer by B. Eymann - Académie des sciencesFundación Princesa de Asturias

These constitute the foundations and backbone of the digital age (by enabling the compression of graphic files with little loss of resolution), of medical imaging and diagnosis (by enabling accurate images to be reconstructed from a small number of data) and of engineering and scientific research (by eliminating interference and background noise).

As regards this last point, these techniques serve as the key, for example, to the deconvolution of Hubble Space Telescope images and have been crucial in the detection by LIGO of gravitational waves resulting from the collision of two black holes.

Yves Meyer: "Artificial intelligence can't think" (2018-10-26)Fundación Princesa de Asturias

Ingrid Daubechies by David von BeckerFundación Princesa de Asturias

As regards this last point, these techniques serve as the key, for example, to the deconvolution of Hubble Space Telescope images and have been crucial in the detection by LIGO of gravitational waves resulting from the collision of two black holes.

Using Math to Understand Art | Ingrid Daubechies (2017-04-10)Fundación Princesa de Asturias

Terence Tao by Reed HutchinsonFundación Princesa de Asturias

The outstanding contributions of these world leaders in mathematics to modern mathematical data and signal processing are essentially based on two different yet complementary tools: wavelets and compressed sensing or matrix completion.

Four Minutes With Terence Tao (2019-02-28)Fundación Princesa de Asturias

Emmanuel Candés by John D. & Catherine T. MacArthur FoundationFundación Princesa de Asturias

Find out more about Yves Meyer, Ingrid Daubechies, Terence Tao and Emmanuel Candès through this link.

Mathematician and Statistician Emmanuel Candès (2019-10-10)Fundación Princesa de Asturias

Yves Meyer, Ingrid Daubechies, Terence Tao and Emmanuel Candès, 2020 Princess of Asturias Award for Technical and Scientific and Research (2020-06-23)Fundación Princesa de Asturias

Reading of the minutes of the jury for the 2020 Princess of Asturias Award for Technical and Scientific Research.

Credits: Story

© Fundación Princesa de Asturias

Images:
© B. Eymann - Académie des sciences
© David von Becker
© John D. & Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation
© Reed Hutchinson

Texts: Fundación Princesa de Asturias

Translation: Paul Barnes

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