McAndrew 5

This gallery will display artistic pieces from the Impressionist and Post-Impressionist periods which lasted from the late 1800's to the early 1900's. 

Woman with a Parasol - Madame Monet and Her Son, Claude Monet, 1875, From the collection of: National Gallery of Art, Washington DC
Here, Monet uses his technique of sweeping brush strokes to give the piece a tranquil tone. The blues and whites make it feel peaceful. The clouds are not painted as they are seen, not what Monet knows them to look like. In the shadow of the women, he uses darker greens and blues instead of black. You can also see the texture of the paint on the canvas and in some areas, it is raised off because of the thickness. Monet is able to capture the movement of the wind which may cause it to seem blurry, but is actually the natural movement of grass and fabric of the skirt. Like many impressionist paintings, detail is not considered necessary as the detail would not be visible the human eyes in actuality.
Sunrise (Marine), Claude Monet, March or April 1873, From the collection of: The J. Paul Getty Museum
Monet's fame came with this piece for it was one of the first breaks in traditional styles. Monet used his observation watching the sunrise for himself. He was able to capture what he saw directly and how the light laid and glistened on the water. He used complementary colors, in this case blues and greens with red and orange to make the sun and its light seem brighter. In the water, Monet used dark teal and blue to effectively create the illusion that the water was moving giving the scene a feeling of serenity that one would experience watching the rising sun for themselves. Monet also depicted the masts in the background making it seem as though they were less visible because of the steam rising from the water. Monet remains a pioneer in this field and his landscape paintings captivate viewers attention.
Dancers, Edgar Degas, 1894/1904, From the collection of: Princeton University Art Museum
Edgar Degas displays one of his preferred subjects, ballerinas. The dancers represented the bourgeois lifestyle-the ritzy and elegance. One thing Degas painted was the ballerinas in almost uncomfortable looking positions, like the ballerina in the front. This was so almost make them less glamorous and admirable. As far as technique is concerned, Degas paints little background giving it a two-dimensional appearance. He uses oranges among greens and pinks to create the shading or movement in the subjects. Each brush stroke or dab of paint can be seen as he had to paint quickly to capture the movement in that time frame. The detail is little, but because of the coloring, all the figures, emotions, and movements are captured just the same.
The Milliners, Edgar Degas, about 1882-before 1905, From the collection of: The J. Paul Getty Museum
Degas strays from the elegance of the wealthy depicting women at work. In their faces, you can seen concern as they are frail and tired. One woman is seen vaguely as a silhouette adding to the somber dull feeling. Although Degas used browns and grays, he adds yellow, orange, and teal to brighten it up creating a sharp contrast with the weakened women. In one woman's faced, a sweep of rose colored painted giving a tenderness to her manner. In Degas' time, industrialization was putting many people to work creating subjects for artists, but unlike the realists who painted them as they were, Degas depicts them with a softness and brightness with the color of the fabric.
Landscape at Saint-Rémy (Enclosed Field with Peasant), Vincent van Gogh, 1889, From the collection of: Indianapolis Museum of Art at Newfields
Landscape painting became a popular subject for many impression and post-impression artists. The purpose was to capture the light as it reflect and absorbed into the scenery. A pastel color scheme was used, but royal blues create a contrast of where the light was absorbed. It makes the yellowness of the field standout. Van Gogh also used paint in layers and coats and coats are painted atop one another. Instead of mixing colors, van Gogh used them close together so that the viewers eyes would mix them to form the shape or setting. Van Gogh's piece falls in the post-impressionist time for style was a little more evolved-his strokes were more singular and less blended (a style unique to him). the field is more abstract than that of early impressionism, but still holds a significance in the movement of modern art.
Self-Portrait, Vincent van Gogh, 1889, From the collection of: National Gallery of Art, Washington DC
Van Gogh completed many self-portraits and each is an experimentation of color and technique. Like many artists at this time, color was an important factor in creating contrast or outlines of figures. The orange-ness in his beard is a direct contrast with the blue hues of his shirt and background. There is no background and the only difference between the clothing and backdrop is the sweeping direction of the strokes. In each stroke, a combination of blue, black, white, and gray can be seen. in his face, blues, greens, and oranges are all used to added definition and shape. the brush strokes do not all direct in a single way but rather the mix of strokes help to create the mix of colors that the viewer sees. Van Gogh was a crucial piece in the expanding of impressionist art.
Tahitian Landscape, Paul Gauguin, 1891, From the collection of: Minneapolis Institute of Art
Here, Gauguin represents a transition away from traditional impression styles. Unique to his technique, Gauguin uses sold colors as seen in the sky, clouds, and mountains. When colors are mixed, they are better blended than what impressionist artists used. The teal and yellow colors in the side of the mountain give a tropical feel. The brightness of the colors give the painting a beatitude tone. Gauguin used a more abstract approach taking away the three-dimensional effect that many landscape have. It appears fairly flat. Gauguin's subject are specific to him for he left continental Europe to paint primitive scenery.
Arearea, Paul Gauguin, 1892, From the collection of: Musée d’Orsay, Paris
Like many post-impressionist artists, Gauguin took a more bold approach in his work. All the colors are bright brazen. this is due to the solid colors sued; there is little shading creating a two-dimensional feel. Unique to Gauguin was the idea of taking subjects out of their natural environment. He focused on the native people and objects of Tahiti, but placed them together in a piece, hence the people and animal side by side. Gauguin aimed to depict an environment and people that hadn't been of subject before. Bold colors and definite lines create the vagueness expressed in post-impression pieces.
The Channel at Gravelines, Evening, Georges-Pierre Seurat, 1890, From the collection of: MoMA The Museum of Modern Art
Seurat was a part of a Neoimpressionism age where various techniques and styles were being build off of typical impressionist techniques. For Seurat, he experimented with dots instead of blending or layering of colors. Form a close proximity, one can see the dots-in some parts yellows, pinks, purples, and blues mixed together. However, from a distance, the colors blend together creating the necessary shading and color to form objects and images. For Seurat, the landscape remained a popular subject as movement and contrast of lighting could be observed. Seurat remains a key player in the development in modern art for his experimentation in technique.
Credits: All media
This user gallery has been created by an independent third party and may not always represent the views of the institutions, listed below, who have supplied the content.
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