In my exhibition, the chosen focus is on the most important gods and goddesses of Ancient Egypt. The gods and goddesses chosen for the exhibition are very significant to the beliefs of the Ancient Egyptians. I chose to do my exhibition on the most important gods and goddesses of the Ancient Egyptian culture because it is important to know more about the gods and goddesses of a culture in order to better understand that culture’s foundation, and their beliefs. Amun-Ra is the most important god of the Ancient Egyptian belief system. Amun-Ra is originally Amun, and then he is combined with Ra to be Amun-Ra in the Middle and New Kingdoms, and thus is the most supreme god in the culture (Davies 52). He, “is associated with the sun, creation, and fertility” (Davies 52). Isis is the most important goddess, she is the, “cosmic goddess, goddess of magic, and protector of the dead” (Davies 52). Hathor is considered the, “’Eye’ of Ra” (Davies 52). She is also, “goddess of the sky, of women, female sexuality, and mother hood, of foreign lands, of the afterlife, and of joy, music, and happiness, and cow-goddess” (Davies 52). Lastly, Osiris is, “one of Egypt’s chief deities” (Davies 52). He controls the underworld and is the deity of fertility, resurrection, as well as death (Davies 52). I find it very intriguing that the Ancient Egyptian’s have many gods and goddesses that are essential to their belief system while Christian’s only have one Almighty Lord. While God rules over all of His creation in Christianity, the Ancient Egyptian culture believed that there were many gods that ruled over different parts of life and different parts of the world. I think that it is also interesting that not only do they have multiple gods and goddesses that rule over the same areas of life. We can see this with the connection of Amun-Ra and Osiris and their control over fertility. Isis and Hathor are also connected because Isis is the protector of the dead and Hathor is the goddess of the afterlife. Like Christ for Christians, these gods and goddesses were sacred and were worshiped by the Ancient Egyptians, and the people of that culture often turned to their gods for comfort. These Ancient Egyptian religious relics are similar to the relics in Christian culture because they depict the god mostly in their human form which is similar to how the Christian relics of Christ depict Him. In addition to the sculptures of the important gods and goddesses of the Ancient Egyptian culture, I also included a sculpture of a Solar Barque of Djedhor which was often used in special events or religious formalities. These gods and goddesses were the basis of all life, and the presence of religion affected all parts of Ancient Egyptian culture, and the lives of all of the Egyptian people. Aside from Amun-Ra, the importance of the remaining gods and goddesses is dependent upon circumstance. A god’s importance can be determined by their relationships to one another, and is also dependent on which god or goddess came about first.
Davies, Penelope J. E., et al. Janson’s History of Art: The Western Tradition, Volume I. 8th ed. New York: Pearson, 2011. E-book.