The ancient Egyptians architecture were made out of stone. Most of the construction built with this type of material were the pyramids, tombs, temples and palaces. These buildings had a very complex design and it require engineering and architectural skills as well a very organizational design and a lot of people to create this structures. Egyptian buildings were decorated with paintings, carved stone images, hieroglyphs and three-dimensional statues to represent their gods or pharaohs. The art of the Egyptians symbolize the history of the pharaohs, the gods, the common people and the natural world of plants, birds and animals. Fine sandstone, limestone, and granite were used for obelisks, sculpture, and decorative uses. The Egyptians developed post-and-lintel construction—the type exclusively used in their monumental buildings. The walls were immensely thick and strong, and this is one of the reason it outlast long. Columns were confined to the halls and inner courts. Roofs, invariably flat, suited to the lack of rain, were of huge stone blocks supported by the external walls and the closely spaced columns. Egyptian sculptors possessed the highest capacity for integrating ornamentation and the essential forms of their buildings. Temples and tombs, constructed in durable materials, have survived through all this years. We can still go and see those buildings and appreciate what people on the past create and design, or we can understand the meaning and purpose of the creation of this magnificent structures and learn the reason that last long. Groups of pyramids from the ancient Egypt still remain for example the pyramids located in Giza, which include the Great Pyramid of Khufu (or Cheops), are among the best known. Other example are the temples. The Great Temple of Amon at Karnak is a product of many successive additions; the central columns of its hypostyle hall are the largest known. Palaces were the residences of the pharaohs and it consisted of two main sections, one to accommodate the pharaoh needs and the other to meet the requirements of administration. They were essentially rectangular structures consisting of high walls topped with towers. The tops of the towers were often decorated with a rich cornice or panels. -The large temple buildings were made of stone so that they would last forever. Their walls were covered with scenes that were carved onto the stone then brightly painted. -Some temples showed the pharaoh fighting in battles and performing rituals with the gods and goddesses. -One such palace-temple is found at Medinet Habu, across from the former site of Thebes, on the other side of the Nile. It was built by Rameses III during the twentieth dynasty, around 1150 B.C. -The Valley of the Kings is famous for its royal tombs. For over a thousand years, the kings, queens and nobles of the New Kingdom (1500-1070 B.C.) were buried in this valley, which is the world's most magnificent burial ground. -The most famous pyramids are found at Giza. They were built by three pharaohs during the second half of the third millennium B.C.