Classical antiquity


Renaissance, a French word meaning rebirth, is called this, because during the time span of about 1330 to 1750 many Italians (and other Europeans) began to look back at the past, to civilizations such as Greece and early Rome. They saw the great successes of the past, and were in envy of them. Not only did these people envy the ancient Greeks; they wanted to model their own civilization after them. Their style influenced the Classical era of painting, drawing, sculpture and architecture. Artists worked to transform their art by studying, imitating, drawing and measuring famous classical pieces done in the past. While mythological scenes are creatively recreated through the unnaturalistic colors and atmospheric perspective. Ancient Greek inspired sculpture and architecture and early Roman architects such as Vitruvius who believed one should use both mathematical ratios as well as human characteristics in their planning. Classical antiquity also helped to centralize the philosophical outlook that put man at the center of life, eventually leading to humanism. (Alexandra Ehlenz)




The shape and design of this piece is inspired by ancient roman design. The detail in the drapery around the mans neck along with the tight curly hair can also be associated with classical roman style. The attention to the little detail can be compared to "The Sacrifice of Isaac" by Brunelleschi earlier that century because of the references to roman design (Alberti).
This work can be compared to Botticelli's earlier piece "Primavera." The two similar paintings are have said to have hung in the same room of the Medici home. The moral content of this classical myth is that virtue is victorious over sensuality. Where is centaur symbolizes the beast like forces of greed and power, the pallas is in place for Lorenzo de Medici (Botticelli)
Nemesis, the subject of this classically inspired engraving is the result of Durer’s studies in the proportions of the roman architect and author, Vitruvius. The Italian poet and humanist derive nemesis, the goddess of retribution from the poem “manto”. The poem combines the goddess of both revenge and fate. The atmospheric perspective with an unrealistic background ties in with characteristics of high renaissance with classical antiquity styles as well as many of the artists works of art. The attention to detail such as the amount shown in Durer's "Meloncholia" is another similar example of his method of engraving (Durer).
Similar to Bernini's "Apollo and Daphne" the two sculptures show both dramatic composition and lively modeling. Amor and Psyche is an example of classical antiquity which tells a story of mythological characters Psyche and the God of Eros. The story is the tale of deep underlying love (Giovanni)
Jupiter and Io is a tale from Greek and Roman mythology, this painting captures a scene from the story when Io flees from Jupiter. The mystical nature scene, classical figures and the dramatic facial expression of the character all come together to complete this mythological story told with renaissance characteristics (Correggio)
Venus with a mirror shows characteristics of both classical antiquity and modernism. The gesture of Venus, covering her semi nude body is similar to Botticelli's "Birth of Venus," the shyness of the subject of the picture is sensual yet modest. The fleshy colors and soft textures of Titians picture shows key examples of Venetian art during the Baroque period (Titian)
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