De Stijl was a Dutch movement in 1917 that focused on form and color and returning to a pure, basic, and fundamental form of art. For the most part, De Stijl art used the primary colors, black and white, and straight lines. It was a search for idealistic art in which perspective and representation were removed. Big artist of De Stijl are Piet Mondrian, Theo van Doesburg, and Ilya Bolotowsky. The first two artists are included in this gallery. De Stijl had a large influence on architecture and helped start the International Style. Russian Constructivism started in 1914 and it "replaced composition with construction (The Art Story)." Basically, Russian Constructivism focused much less on aesthetic beauty and focused more on the functional representation of a work. It was art that abstractly represented the hope of a "new construction" of Russia. Constructivists believed that materials should be used "in such a way that demonstrated the uses to which they could be put (The Art Story)." Popular constructivist artist include El Lissitzky, Kazimir Malevich, and Vladimir Tatlin, two of which are in this gallery. It's interesting because, although both movements are taking different routes of what they want to express and portray, they end up using similar materials to create the effect. Both use geometric shapes and lines consistently and rely on abstraction to make their point.