The inscription on the collar of this piece of armour reads: ‘The personal garment of the emperor of lofty fortune, Akbar. Year (AH) 989’, which would equate with AD 1581. Swords, shields and armour were often gifted and passed on by the monarch to favoured members of the Mughal court. They were sometimes inscribed with the name of the king years later. Others were made at a later date in the style of a particular court to consciously invoke it.