The Indian vulture is an Old World vulture and is closely related to the griffon vulture, G. fulvus. It breeds mainly on hilly crags in central and peninsular India. Like other vultures it is a scavenger, feeding mostly from carcasses of dead animals which it finds by soaring over savannah and around human habitation.
The Indian vulture have suffered a 99%–97% population decrease in Bangladesh, Pakistan and India. The cause of this has been identified as poisoning caused by the veterinary drug diclofenac (non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug) that is given to working animals to reduce joint pain to keep them working for longer.