[Negroes dancing zamacueca]

AnonymousAround the middle of the 19th century

National Library of Peru

National Library of Peru
Lima, Peru

Afro-descendant couple dancing the zamacueca. The woman wears braids and a yellow dress with gray horizontal striped socks and a white petticoat. Hands behind the back. The man carries in his hand a white handkerchief, a blue jacket and white pants. They both wear hats.
The zamacueca was the name by which the marinera of Lima was before known. This dance and music composition changed its name in honor of the Peruvian Navy after the Pacific War. On the other hand, "negroes" was the derogatory name imposed by European colonialists on Africans and Afro-descendants in the context of their abduction during colonial times. Inscription: "Neger und negerin eine 'samacueca' abtanzend".
It belongs to the album "1871 Praetoria" which contains 39 sheets of which 25 are watercolors and the remaining 14 illuminated lithographs. These images are an example of the nineteenth-century production of pictorial costumbrismo in Peru, a repertoire of typical characters -in this case from the city of Lima-, composed without much context, and rather characterized by their work and clothing.


  • Title: [Negroes dancing zamacueca]
  • Creator: Anonymous
  • Date Created: Around the middle of the 19th century
  • Location Created: Lima, Peru
  • Physical Dimensions: 22.5 x 20 cm
  • Type: Painting
  • Medium: Watercolor on paper

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