Uhde, who worked in Munich painting fashionable Dutch costume dramas, was inspired by Max Liebermann to go to Holland to study the people and the landscape on the spot. In the summer of 1882, he travelled to Zandvoort where he made studies for both versions of his composition of an organ grind er with children gathered around him. In Holland Uhde, like Liebermann before him, now left his dark studio, shaking off Munkácsy’s influence and turned to modern plein-air painting. As he worked from nature his colors became brighter and purer. Uhde also followed Liebermann’s lead in terms of subject matter, although his works are more anecdotal, and at first they were also more successful.


  • Title: Organ Grinder in Zandvoort
  • Creator: Fritz von Uhde
  • Date Created: 1883
  • Physical Dimensions: w36.0 x h47.0 cm
  • Type: Painting
  • Technique and material: Oil on wood
  • Inv.-No.: F.V. 52
  • ISIL-No.: DE-MUS-815114
  • External link: Alte Nationalgalerie, Staatliche Museen zu Berlin
  • Copyrights: Text: © Prestel Verlag / Alte Nationalgalerie, Staatliche Museen zu Berlin, Photo: © b p k - Photo Agency / Nationalgalerie, Staatliche Museen zu Berlin / Jörg P. Anders
  • Collection: Nationalgalerie, Staatliche Museen zu Berlin - On loan from the Federal Republic of Germany
  • Artist biography: Fritz von Uhde was a German painter who mainly executed genre and religious subjects. He was admitted to the Academy of Fine Arts in Dresden in 1866 and studied at the Academy of Fine Arts in Munich in 1877, where he became deeply influenced by the Dutch old masters. He continued his studies of them in Paris from 1879 under the supervision of Mihály Munkáscsy. His stay in the Netherlands in 1882 brought about a significant change in his style: he abandoned dark chiaroscuro in favour of the palette of the French Impressionists. He was often criticized for depicting ordinary ‘low’ scenes but went on to become one of the leaders of the Munich and later Berlin Secessions. His style is characterized by being somewhere in between realism and Impressionism. One of his most famous artworks is 'Heathland Princess' (1889).
  • Artist Place of Death: Munich, Germany
  • Artist Place of Birth: Wolkenburg, Germany
  • Artist Dates: 1848-05-22/1911-02-25

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