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Polish Home Army commemorative armband issued to a veteran of the Warsaw Insurrection

United States Holocaust Memorial Museum

United States Holocaust Memorial Museum

Red and white armband commemorating the Warsaw Insurrection issued to Ryszard Przemyski, a member of the underground resistance group, Armia Krajowa [Home Army], known as A.K. The band has his group number VII, his pseudonym Ruczaj, A.K., and the date. The Warsaw Rising or Insurrection, August 1-October 5, 1944, was the attempt by the Polish Home Army to retake Warsaw from the German occupying forces. They retook much of the city, but without the promised aid from Western Allies or Russia, whose forces were within sight of the city, the resistance was crushed. The Germans massacred or deported the populace and Hitler ordered the city burnt to the ground. Rudy was a 15 year old high school student when Nazi Germany invaded Poland on September 1, 1939. He joined the A.K. and fought with them during the attempt to liberate Warsaw in fall 1944. Rudy was captured and sent to Stalag III-A prisoner of war camp in Luckenwalde, Germany. On April 22, 1945, Russian troops liberated the camp and Ryszard joined the 2nd Polish Corps, a division of the British Army, in Italy. He met fellow A.K. member Ewa Lada in Rome. The war ended in May, and the couple moved to Camp Foxley, a displaced persons camp in England.

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  • Title: Polish Home Army commemorative armband issued to a veteran of the Warsaw Insurrection
  • Provenance: The Polish Home Army commemorative armband was donated to the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum in 2010 by Eve Przemyski, the wife of Ryszard Przemyski.
  • Subject Keywords: Guerrillas--Poland--Biography. Prisoners of war--Germany--Biography. Warsaw (Poland)--History--Uprising, 1944--Personal narratives, Polish. World War, 1939-1945--Underground movements--Personal narratives, Polish.
  • Type: Identifying Artifacts
  • Rights: Permanent Collection
  • External Link: See the full record at the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum
  • Medium: Rectangular band made from 2 narrow strips of synthetic cloth sewn together on the long sides; the top strip is white and the bottom strip is red. Polish text and numbers are screen printed in black ink. The short edges are slightly frayed, and the long edges are unevenly cut. There is no mark indicating the ends were sewn together to form an armband. There are fold creases and a dark stain.

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