This painting is based on a stained glass panel that Edward Burne-Jones designed in 1878, one of a set of nine representing the planets. Formerly depicting a full-length nude seated on a rock, in 1958 the canvas was cut down to its present size. The discarded canvas was not kept nor was a photographic record taken of the painting in its original state.
The stained glass was made by Morris & Co. for the music room at 'Woodlands', the home of Sir Angus Holden situated on the outskirts of Bradford, West Yorkshire. The stained glass no longer survives but the cartoons, including 'The Evening Star', are now at Torre Abbey, Torquay, Devon.