The Way to Calvary (Main View (.31) / book image source / Detail View)

Spitz Master

The J. Paul Getty Museum

The J. Paul Getty Museum
Los Angeles, United States

The graceful miniature of the Way to Calvary by the Spitz Master introduces the Passion story from the Gospel of Saint John. Amidst elegantly dressed soldiers and his followers, Jesus carries his cross through Jerusalem's city gate. He is barefoot but wears a fine robe trimmed in gold thread. The face of his mother, the Virgin Mary, standing beneath the city gate, echoes his sad expression. Far in the background, Judas hangs himself. This small image enriches the narrative by referring to an earlier event, Judas' betrayal, that led eventually to the Crucifixion. The pairing of this miniature with the Passion reading from the Gospels encourages the reader to envision and sympathize with Jesus in his suffering. The inclusion of expensive materials, including burnished silver and gold highlights, and the figures' exquisite costumes, dance-like movements, and tender expressions all epitomize the refinement and elegance of the International style associated with court art of the early 1400s.


  • Title: The Way to Calvary (Main View (.31) / book image source / Detail View)
  • Creator: Spitz Master
  • Date Created: about 1420
  • Location Created: Paris, France
  • Physical Dimensions: Leaf: 20.2 × 14.9 cm (7 15/16 × 5 7/8 in.)
  • Type: Folio
  • External Link: Find out more about this object on the Museum website.
  • Medium: Tempera colors, gold, and ink on parchment
  • Terms of Use: Open Content
  • Number: 94.ML.26.31
  • Culture: French
  • Credit Line: The J. Paul Getty Museum, Los Angeles, Ms. 57, fol. 31
  • Creator Display Name: Spitz Master (French, active about 1415 - 1425)
  • Classification: Manuscripts (Documents)

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