The Kikuyu are a Bantu ethnic group native to Central Kenya. At a population of 8,148,668 as of 2019, they account for 17.13% of the total population of Kenya, making them the largest ethnic group in Kenya.
The term Kikuyu is derived from the Swahili form of the word Gĩkũyũ. Gĩkũyũ is derived from the word mũkũyũ which means Olive tree tree". Hence Agĩkũyũ in the Kikuyu language translates to "children of the olive tree". The mũkũyũ tree is frequently confused with the sycamore fig. The alternative name Nyũmba ya Mũmbi translates to House of the Potter or Creator. Agĩkũyũ can also be a shortened form of Mũũgĩ kũrĩ ũyũ, hence "one who is wise to others".