Siena is a city in Tuscany, Italy. It is the capital of the province of Siena.
The city is historically linked to commercial and banking activities, having been a major banking center until the 13th and 14th centuries. Siena is also home to the oldest bank in the world, which has been operating continuously since 1472.
It produced also some of the greatest Italian painters, such as Duccio, Simone Martini and Ambrogio Lorenzetti, in which many of their masterpieces can be found in the city's museums, in particular in the Pinacoteca Nazionale.
Siena's university is one of the oldest and first publicly funded universities in Europe. Originally called Studium Senese, the institution was founded in 1240.
The historic centre of Siena has been declared by UNESCO a World Heritage Site. It is one of the nation's most visited tourist attractions, with over 163,000 international arrivals in 2008. Siena is famous for its cuisine, art, museums, medieval cityscape and the Palio, a horse race held twice a year.