Discovering the National Pantheon

National Pantheon

The National Pantheon - Santa Engrácia Church's mission is to honor, promote and spread the life and work of distinguished Portuguese personalities.

Main facade, Unknown author, 2011, From the collection of: National Pantheon
The National Pantheon is a Portuguese "National Monument" since 1910 and it's a unique example of baroque style in Portugal.
National Pantheon - outdoor view, Unknown author, 2009, From the collection of: National Pantheon

The Church of Santa Engracia - National Pantheon seen fron Botto Machado Garden.

View of Lisbon, João Paulo Ruas, 2009, From the collection of: National Pantheon

The National Pantheon stands in front of Tagus river, highlighting the historical area of the city, being an inescapable reference in Lisbon’s skyline.

National Pantheon - aerial view, DGPC/SIPA, 1995, From the collection of: National Pantheon

Aerial view of the National Pantheon framed in the Tagus River.

"Feira da Ladra" street fair, José Paulo Ruas, 2005, From the collection of: National Pantheon
Flee market
Feira da Ladra is a street market, which takes place every Tuesday and Saturday, in Campo de Santa Clara, right next to the National Pantheon.

The fair was born in the thirteenth century and passed through various places of Lisbon until it was settled in Campo de Santa Clara in the year 1882.

Santa Clara, Unkown, From the collection of: National Pantheon

In this very popular space, new and used objects are sold, antiques and old things, vinyl records, clothes, tiles, old cameras, watches, furniture, and many other trinkets.

Main entrance
At the entrance, we come across the three portals, animated by a great decorative work. 
The patron of the church of Santa Engracia, Unknown author, 2011, From the collection of: National Pantheon

On the façade of the monument one can see the sculptures of Santo Condestável, Santa Isabel and Santa Engrácia, by António Duarte.

The entrance to the church is done through a beautiful baroque portal with the coat of arms of Portugal held by two angels.

Narthex, Unknown author, 2012, From the collection of: National Pantheon

This decorative program is attributable to the French sculptor Claude Laprade (1687-1740).

Image of Santa Engracia, Unknown author, 2011, From the collection of: National Pantheon

Of the sculptural work of entrance of the monument, it is still worth mentioning the bas-relief representing Santa Engrácia.

Column and capital of the lanternim, Unknown author, 2011, From the collection of: National Pantheon

Not only for its unusual proportions but, above all, for its innovative design and the originality of the undulating walls, the National Pantheon reveals a remarkable baroque plan, unique in Portugal.

National Pantheon - plan, Unknown author, s.d, From the collection of: National Pantheon

It is a building with a Greek cross plan - defining a cross of four equal arms - with curved elevations marked at the angles by turrets.

Nave's pavement., DGPC/SIPA, Sem data, From the collection of: National Pantheon

The interior of the monument is animated by a magnificent work of stonework, enhanced by the coloring of ornamental stones (from Arrábida, Sintra and the Alentejo region of Estremoz, Borba and Vila Viçosa) and geometrical layout, creating the impression of a massive space.

St. Anthony's statue, Unknown author, 2009, From the collection of: National Pantheon

In the interior angles of the church are represented Santo António, São João de Brito, São Teotónio and São João de Deus, by the sculptor Leopoldo de Almeida.

Statue of St. João de Brito, Unknown author, 2009, From the collection of: National Pantheon

Sculpture of São Teotónio (detail).

Pavement of the nave, Unknown author, 2011, From the collection of: National Pantheon

The central body seen from the High-Choir.

Circulation balcony in the dome, Unknown author, 2012, From the collection of: National Pantheon

The National Pantheon is surmounted by a majestic dome that rises to 80 ms of height.

Tumbling rooms
The tomb halls of the National Pantheon host the Presidents of the Republic Manuel de Arriaga, Teófilo Braga, Sidónio Pais and Óscar Carmona, writers Almeida Garrett, Aquilino Ribeiro, Guerra Junqueiro, João de Deus and Sophia de Mello Breyner Andresen, the artist Amália Rodrigues, the footballer Eusébio da Silva Ferreira and the Marshal Humberto Delgado.
High choir, Unknown author, 2011, From the collection of: National Pantheon
High choir
Space organized in an amphitheater, originally reserved for religious choirs, gives us a perspective of the central nave and its semi-domes.
Main altar, Unknown author, 2011, From the collection of: National Pantheon
The organ
At the bottom of Central Nave stands the magnificent 18th century historical organ that occupies the high altar of the Church.
Altar and organ, Unknown author, 2011, From the collection of: National Pantheon

18 th Century Organ manufactured by Joaquim António Peres Fontanes.

Detail from the organ, Unknown author, 2011, From the collection of: National Pantheon

Detail of the gilt carving of the organ.

National Pantheon - model, Unknown author, 2011, From the collection of: National Pantheon
Interpretation Center
Space which integrates elements recovered from the primitive church, pieces of jewelry used in the celebration of the opening Mass of the National Pantheon and a unique set of models in plaster of the campaign of conclusion of the construction of the monument (1964-1966).
National Pantheon - model, 2018, From the collection of: National Pantheon

A model of the National Pantheon made by João Laerte, in about 1965. The model was made of plaster and wood.


Church of Saint Engratia - artifacts, 2018, From the collection of: National Pantheon

Artefacts used for celebrating the inaugural mass of the National Pantheon at December 7, 1966.

Terrace and dome, Unknown author, 1995, From the collection of: National Pantheon
Terrace
The National Pantheon stands on one of the hills of eastern Lisbon, facing the river.    

Thanks to this location, its terrace, 40 m high, is a unique viewpoint in the city, allowing to enjoy a privileged view of Lisbon and the Tagus.

Credits: Story

Direção-Geral do Património Cultural - Arquivo de Documentação Fotográfica (ADF) e Sistema de Informação para o Património Arquitectónico (SIPA).
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Credits: All media
The story featured may in some cases have been created by an independent third party and may not always represent the views of the institutions, listed below, who have supplied the content.
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