Take a trip down the memory lane to explore the history of Baroda State Railway which features the oldest narrow gauge line in the world.
Initially, a pair of oxen used to haul trains composed of four to six vehicles.
In 1863, Khanderao purchased three steam locomotives, built by Neilson and Co., Glasgow. These 0-4-0 ST locomotives proved to be too heavy for the rails and there was no option other than replacing the rails with the heavier ones.
This was undertaken during the reign of Malharrao, in 1871.
In the picture: Narrow gauge rail manufactured by Barrow Steel, in 1878.
A number of narrow gauge lines were added to the original route and by 2003, five lines branched out from Dabhoi.
The rich heritage of the once extensive narrow gauge network has been well documented and preserved. Under the able stewardship of A. K. Srivastava, the then Divisional Railway Manager of the Vadodara division, heritage parks had been established at Dabhoi and Pratap Nagar.
In the picture: A panel at Dabhoi heritage shed depicts the early history of the Baroda State Railway.
The panels at the park give details regarding the financial performance of the lines. These panels show that since its time inception, the Dabhoi lines were generating surpluses. Old time tables are also displayed in some panels.
Author: Vikas Singh