of Milan's Ospedale Maggiore Policlinico
This illuminated parchment holds an extremely important place in history. In this document, written on 1st April 1456, Francesco I Sforza, Duke of Milan, orders the establishment of the Ospedale Maggiore.
Detail of the illuminated parchment in which Francesco I Sforza orders the establishment of the Ospedale Maggiore.
The initial "F" of Franciscus depicts a dragon with a human face. The animal is holding a quince, known as a "mela cotogna" in Italian. This is a reference to the town of Cotignola, birthplace of the Sforza family.
In the upper margin decorations: the Visconti's ducal coat of arms (the biscione , or snake, quartered with the imperial eagle) flanked by the letters "F S" and by other coats of arms and "devices", including the broom with the motto "merito et tempore", the three interlinked diamond rings, the horse's bit, the uprooted pine, and the blue and white waves.
Diploma handwritten by Francesco I Sforza in favour of the hospital on the Great Saint Bernard Pass, allowing the collection of alms in the duchy.
One of the most valuable illuminated documents is this diploma issued by Napoleon I (11-10-1810) in which he grants the title of Count of the Kingdom of Italy to Mr Stanislao Antonio Cossoni.
Napoleon I's handwritten signature.
Supplication to the Pope from the brothers of the Concezione in S. Francesco (Conception in St Francis) in Milan, asking for confirmation of spiritual privileges (15th century).
The miniature is attributed to the De Predis school. The Confraternity of the Conception also commissioned the "Virgin of the Rocks" by Leonardo da Vinci
Diploma signed by Bianca Maria Visconti, Duchess of Milan, exempting the Hospital of S. Martino in Nosiggia in Milan from tax. Dated 16th December, 1452.
Diploma signed by the Captains and Defenders of the Ambrosian Republic in favour of the Milanese hospital administration, to whom they donated a palace with a forest in Cusago for the purposes of establishing a leper hospital (13th August, 1448).
In this illuminated document from 1495, Ludovico Maria Sforza, Duke of Milan, grants his relative, Ambrogio Crivelli, a tax exemption.
Sforza was nicknamed "Il Moro" (The Moor), as evoked by the face in the initial.
The decoration represents the cardinal and theological virtues.
Decree of 22nd April, 1458, by Francesco I Sforza, Duke of Milan, against the insolvent debtors owing money to Milan's hospitals.
These documents were scanned by Prof. Duilio Bertani as part of a collaboration with the University of Milan.