Delve into the story of this multidisciplinary Georgian artist - avant-garde painter, innovator graphic artist, film director, stage designer, art researcher, theorist, and pioneer of 3D cinema.
After graduating from the university, in 1916, Kakabadze returned to Georgia. He taught physics and mathematics in a Tbilisi school.
On November 22, 1917, the physics and mathematics examination committee qualified David Kakabadze for a second-degree diploma in biology from the University of Petrograd (today, Saint Petersburg). Besides the subjects related to his major, he passed examinations in general physics, crystallography, chemistry, fundamentals of higher mathematics, and many other fields.
The artist lectured on various aspects of visual arts and developed his interest in kinetic form. He was an outstanding representative of the technical vision.
During his Paris years, David considered film to be the most outstanding achievement of modern civilization and a prime vehicle for the dissemination of knowledge.
In Kakabadze's design, the images shot separately for each eye fall on a screen whose surface is reflecting (but not a mirror). The beam of light targeted for the right eye must be coordinated, upon reflection, with the optical axis of the right eye, and the beam intended for the left eye must be directed to its optical axis.
Between 1922 and 1925, David patented his invention in eight countries of Europe and America. The first patent was issued in France: #547978 “Stéréo cinématographe donnant la vision du relief naturel”. Demandé le 27 février 1922, a 16h 45m a Paris (#563. 486 Stéréo-cinématographe. Demandé le 10.III.1923 a Paris).
Like many of his contemporary Soviet artists and scientists, David Kakabadze had a dramatic life caused first and foremost by the restrictions the Soviet regime imposed on the freedom of creativity.
As an artist and scientist, he never lost his dignity, nor was he ever subservient towards those in power.
That was why he turned out to be unacceptable for the Soviet world.
In 1938, the Scientific Research Film and Photo Institute (NIKFI) in Moscow reviewed Davit Kakabadze's invention and denied him the possibility of continuing the experiments aimed at the project implementation.
In 1942, the same institution announced the first system of glassless stereo-cinema “invented” by Semen Ivanov; Ivanov's system was identical to that of David Kakabadze's.
Kakabadze died on May 10, 1952, forgotten and separated from the Western world.
Georgian State Museum of Theatre, Music, Cinema and Choreography - Art Palace
The narrative was created based on Ketevan Kintsurashvili's book "David Kakabadze - a 20th Century Classic"
Special thanks to the Yale University Art Gallery, The Museu Colecção Berardo and Ketevan Kintsurashvili
Find out more about the artist in our exhibit David Kakabadze: artistic legacy.