Discover the man and his journey from his birthplace in Dagestan to his final home in Pakistan and his gift: the Minar-e-Pakistan (Pakistan Day Monument).
Born in Dagestan (then part of the Russian Empire) in 1904, Nasreddin Murat-Khan made Pakistan his final home in 1950. He contributed to the field of engineering and architecture in the Russian Federation, Germany and then Pakistan. Among his many contributions are the Minar-e-Pakistan and the Gaddafi Stadium in Lahore. Minar-e-Pakistan was designed by him and he oversaw the construction free of charge. It commemorates the passing of Lahore Resolution for separate state(s) in the Muslim majority areas of the Indian subcontinent. It was passed in 1940 at Minto Park in Lahore by the All India Muslim League during the British Raj amidst the anti-colonial struggle by Indians. This is where Minar-e-Pakistan now stands. This special exhibit is part of The Citizens Archive of Pakistan’s celebration of the Pakistan Day, March 23, the date the Resolution was passed, and it is dedicated to Nasreddin Murat-Khan and his family.
Nasreddin Murat-Khan (right) and his younger brother Ibragim (left) at the beginning of 20th century.
The brothers attended secondary school in Buynaksk, Dagestan. Nasreddin enrolled there in 1911. His education was disrupted during 1917-18 due to the Russian Revolution. Therefore, he had to stay at school until 1920.
Nasreddin Murat-Khan's Membership Card of the Union of Soviet Architects of the USSR.
The surname is written as Murat-Khanov and it states that he had been a member since 1937. It seems that the card was issued circa 1940 (date unclear).
This was before he had to flee to Germany in 1943 due to political unrest in Stavropol, where he was working.
3 July 1947: A letter issued by the Displaced Persons Assembly Centre, Mittenwald, releasing Nasreddin Murat-Khan from the Refugee Camp. Simultaneously, it discharged him from his employment at the Camp. He had been working there as an engineer-architect and Deputy Chief of the Central Technical Office with the United Nations Relief and Rehabilitation Administration (UNRRA) team.
In this letter, Nasreddin Murat-Khan wrote to the 'Pakistan Mission', providing details about himself and his family in order to place an application to be able to move to Pakistan.
The next page of the document (not included in the exhibit) states that he had spoken to someone from the 'Pakistan Mission' earlier in this regard.
1950: Letter issued by the Security Office in Pakistan as part of the application for the acquisition of Pakistani nationality by Nasreddin Murat-Khan.
Nasreddin Murat-Khan was the son-in-law of Abdul-Hafiz who belonged to an influential family in Lahore. The document gives reference to this relationship and Nasreddin Murat-Khan's professional credentials for the application of Pakistani citizenship.
25 May 1959: A letter addressed to Nasreddin Murat-Khan discussing the commencement of the construction of a Pakistan Day Memorial which later manifested as the Minar-e-Pakistan.
Previously, a design competition had been arranged by the Government of Pakistan calling for plans for a Pakistan Day Memorial. However, it was not successful and Nasreddin Murat-Khan took up this project.
The third model was selected, and it is this monument that is known today as the Minar-e-Pakistan and stands in Iqbal Park, formerly known as Minto Park, Lahore.
In the model, the top had a point to signify the never ending growth of the country. However, it was changed to a dome by the committee to bring it closer to Islamic architecture.
Nasreddin Murat-Khan, his wife Hamida Akmut and their five daughters at home in Lahore, Pakistan.
Nasreddin Murat-Khan refused to accept payment for constructing the Minar-e-Pakistan. It was a gift from him to the country that gave him his final home. His contributions to architecture in Pakistan live on in the Minar-e-Pakistan, which remains an icon of his legacy.
The Citizens Archive of Pakistan thanks Meral Murat-Khan for donating the material used in this exhibit.
Courtesy of The Citizens Archive of Pakistan. All Rights, Titles, Interests including Copyrights of whatever kind belong with The Citizens Archive of Pakistan.
All material in this exhibit is donated by the daughter of Nasreddin Murat-Khan, Meral Murat-Khan to The Citizens Archive of Pakistan for its Oral History Project.
Created by Kiran Sohail Azeemi
Edited by Saba Halepota
Faizan Saeed (Scanning)
Special thanks to:
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