The Hubble Ultra Deep Field: A Hubble Image Tour

NASA

The Hubble Space Telescope stared deep into a seemingly dark, empty area of space for a million seconds to obtain this image that reveals 10,000 galaxies. Take a tour of this historic image from the Hubble Space Telescope.

The Hubble Ultra Deep Field
This long exposure of a tiny patch of the sky allowed astronomers to understand the scale, structure, and development of the universe much more completely and precisely than ever before. The image includes galaxies across cosmic history, including some that existed when the universe was only around 5 percent of its current age.

Each tiny dot in the image is a galaxy, a collection of millions to hundreds of billions of stars.

Some galaxies are large, well developed, and nearby, while others are small, shapeless, and distant.

Only a few of the Milky Way's stars can be seen in this image. They have a distinctive cross-like appearance, caused by light reflecting off struts inside the Hubble Space Telescope.

Spiral galaxies like this large one are relatively old. They take several billion years to achieve their characteristic shape.

Similarly, elliptical galaxies — like these two large, orange ones — are relatively old and have less gas and dust, so fewer new stars are born.

Younger galaxies can be full of gas and dust and may have the basic structure of modern galaxies, but they are still refining their shapes.

Gravity is causing some galaxies to pull at and distort each other, such as the bluish galaxies near the center of this zoomed view. Galaxies evolve by interacting and merging.

The small reddish galaxies are some of the first to form in the universe.

Fly through this 3D visualization of the Hubble Ultra Deep Field. Each of the more than 5,000 galaxies in the visualization was cut out of the original image and placed at its appropriate distance, based on scientific measurements.

The Hubble Ultra Deep Field and other deep images taken with the telescope will continue to offer new insights into the birth and evolution of galaxies over cosmic history.

Credits: Story

Image Credit: NASA, ESA, S. Beckwith (STScI) and the HUDF Team

Video Credit: F. Summers, Z. Levay, L. Frattare, B. Mobasher, A. Koekemoer and the HUDF Team (STScI)

NASA Hubble Space Telescope

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The story featured may in some cases have been created by an independent third party and may not always represent the views of the institutions, listed below, who have supplied the content.
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