Civilizations and Culture on the Silk Road

By Arts & Culture Development Foundation under the Ministry of Culture of the Republic of Uzbekistan

Exhibition at the Louvre Museum in 2022 with the participation of exhibits from museum collections of Uzbekistan.The purpose of the exhibition is to present civilizations and cultures from ancient times to the end of the medieval period, through which the caravan routes of South and Central Asia ran, located on the territory of modern Uzbekistan.

Fresco of the red hall of the Varakhsha Palace (VIII century)Arts & Culture Development Foundation under the Ministry of Culture of the Republic of Uzbekistan

The fresco presents a scene of hunting of the lord Varakhshi for wild animals. An unknown artist depicted the figures of two hunters sitting on an elephant and repelling the attack of leopards.

One of the hunters, apparently the ruler, is depicted in elegant clothes and a headdress adorned with precious stones, in his ears are earrings of an unusual shape, his hands are embroidered with gold bracelets, and gold necklaces on his chest.

A second, more modestly dressed elephant drover stabs a leopard with a short sword.

Presenters (II century)Arts & Culture Development Foundation under the Ministry of Culture of the Republic of Uzbekistan

The fresco of the Sogdian donors to the Buddha's teachings.A fragment of wall painting in several pieces illustrated two male figures walking to the left. Remains of halos are visible above their heads.

They wear white and yellow kaftans, one edge of which has a braid border fastened on the left shoulder with a red ribbon. The figures have their right hands slightly raised.

Above the head of the figure on the left is a Bactrian inscription "φαρο"

Image of a woman (7th century A.D.)Arts & Culture Development Foundation under the Ministry of Culture of the Republic of Uzbekistan

Comb with a two-way plot image (II-III centuries A.D.)Arts & Culture Development Foundation under the Ministry of Culture of the Republic of Uzbekistan

The crest was cut from an elongated bone plate, covered on both sides with a story image. It still shows the image of a seated lady surrounded on three sides by maids. On the reverse side - an elephant with seated figures and a girl in the pose of a dancer in front.

Quran Uthman (VIII–XIX centuries)Arts & Culture Development Foundation under the Ministry of Culture of the Republic of Uzbekistan

The Qur'an of Uthman (Osman) is the oldest extant manuscript of the Qur'an.

Quran Uthman (VIII–XIX centuries)Arts & Culture Development Foundation under the Ministry of Culture of the Republic of Uzbekistan

Which is believed to have been stained with the blood of the third Caliph, Uthman.

Quran Uthman (VIII–XIX centuries)Arts & Culture Development Foundation under the Ministry of Culture of the Republic of Uzbekistan

It is believed that the fourth caliph Ali, took this manuscript from Medina to his new capital, Kufu.

Quran Uthman (VIII–XIX centuries)Arts & Culture Development Foundation under the Ministry of Culture of the Republic of Uzbekistan

There it remained until the invasion of Tamerlane in the 15th century. After that Tamerlan brought the Qur'an manuscript to his capital Samarkand.

Bodhisattva (I century AD)Arts & Culture Development Foundation under the Ministry of Culture of the Republic of Uzbekistan

Buddha with monks (I-III centuries)Arts & Culture Development Foundation under the Ministry of Culture of the Republic of Uzbekistan

Buddha with three eyes. Head and shoulders. (7th century A.D.)Arts & Culture Development Foundation under the Ministry of Culture of the Republic of Uzbekistan

The head of a noble lady (I-II centuries A.D.)Arts & Culture Development Foundation under the Ministry of Culture of the Republic of Uzbekistan

A plaster sculpture representing a woman's head. Her face was regular, with a large nose. Strands of the hairstyle, which opens the ears, and designed with parallel cuts, are intercepted by a twisted bandage with ornaments.

Warrior head (I century B.C. - I century A.D.)Arts & Culture Development Foundation under the Ministry of Culture of the Republic of Uzbekistan

Clay sculpture of a warrior's head in a helmet. The warrior's head is turned, slightly bowed. He had a regular oval face with a pointed beard and a drooping mustache.

Warrior head (I century B.C. - I century A.D.)Arts & Culture Development Foundation under the Ministry of Culture of the Republic of Uzbekistan

A tight-fitting helmet, encircled by a Hoop, with a visor and faceplates. The neck is protected by a high expanding collar of the cuirass.

Ruler on the throne (I century B.C. - I century A.D.)Arts & Culture Development Foundation under the Ministry of Culture of the Republic of Uzbekistan

Regular features, large eyes under heavy brows. The headdress is in the form of a hood pointed on the axis. The warrior is dressed in a caftan wrapped from right to left, in the triangular cutout of which the rounded collar of the shirt is visible.

There are traces of ornamental painting on the caftan. Her legs were draped in slanting trousers. The feet rested on a low, straight support. The upper sections of vertically connected parts were preserved from the throne.

Stone sculpture with two snakes (Beginning of the III-millennium B.C.)Arts & Culture Development Foundation under the Ministry of Culture of the Republic of Uzbekistan

Stone sculpture in the form of two snakes, encrusted with crystals. The shape is horseshoe-shaped, formed by the figures of two snakes, intertwined bodies, with the heads facing each other.

Necklace (I century A.D.)Arts & Culture Development Foundation under the Ministry of Culture of the Republic of Uzbekistan

For the first time, treasures from the ancient settlement Dalverzintepa will be presented at the exhibition space.

Bracelets (I century A.D.)Arts & Culture Development Foundation under the Ministry of Culture of the Republic of Uzbekistan

The settlement is located in the fertile valley of Surkhandarya.

Amulet "Hedgehog" (III-IV centuries)Arts & Culture Development Foundation under the Ministry of Culture of the Republic of Uzbekistan

Its beginning dates back to the 3rd century BC, the heyday falls on the era of the Kushan Empire.

Buckle (I century A.D.)Arts & Culture Development Foundation under the Ministry of Culture of the Republic of Uzbekistan

The place flourished, especially under the Kushan Empire.

Buckle (I century A.D.)Arts & Culture Development Foundation under the Ministry of Culture of the Republic of Uzbekistan

The city was well organized with quarters for the administration, religious buildings, living quarters, and industrial areas.

Pectoral (I century A.D.)Arts & Culture Development Foundation under the Ministry of Culture of the Republic of Uzbekistan

In one of the houses in 1972, during excavations, archaeologists discovered the largest in the history of the region Dalversin treasure of gold objects, weighing about 36 kg, dating back to the 1st century AD.

Credits: Story

The exposition from museums and institutions of Uzbekistan (Tashkent, Samarkand, Bukhara Shakhrisabz, Termez and Nukus) will include about
310 exhibits: clay sculptures, objects made of wood, metal, glass, ceramics and parchment.

The exhibition’s chronology will present the origin and development of the Great Silk Road, the resettlement of peoples, the golden age of trade of Sogdian merchants from Iran to China, the arrival of Islam in Central Asia, the Turkic-Mongolian period, as well as the era of the great “empires” of the Timurids and Shaibanids. The timeline of the exhibition presents exhibits from the 2nd century BC. - XVI century A.D.

Credits: All media
The story featured may in some cases have been created by an independent third party and may not always represent the views of the institutions, listed below, who have supplied the content.
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