Photo, Ida B WellsNational Susan B. Anthony Museum & House
Celebra la Giornata internazionale della donna 2017 con le protagoniste della storia moderna
Laurel Thatcher Ulrich pronunciò la sua famosa frase: "Le donne ben educate raramente fanno la storia". In questa Giornata internazionale della donna celebriamo le donne pioniere e infinitamente ispiratrici che hanno fatto eco, hanno oltrepassato i confini e hanno cambiato radicalmente il mondo in cui viviamo. Dall'esplorazione dello spazio alla programmazione informatica, le loro conquiste hanno plasmato il nostro mondo e continuano ancora oggi ad ispirarci e ad essere un modello per il nostro futuro.
Ida B. Wells
Ida B. Wells-Barnett (c. 1893) di Sallie E. GarritySmithsonian's National Portrait Gallery
In Crusade for Justice, her autobiography published posthumously in 1970, she explained that she wrote to record "the gallant fight and marvelous bravery of the black men of the South, fighting and dying to exercise and maintain their newborn rights as freemen and citizens."
Rukmini Devi Arundale Practising Bharatanatyam (2017) di Abhishek N. VermaZubaan
Rukmini Devi Arundale
Meanwhile, Rukmini Devi Arundale traveled extensively conducting work for the Theosophical Society, a Western organisation interested in Asian religion and esotericism. While traveling, Arundale met the legendary ballerina Anna Pavlova, who encouraged her to learn ballet. This sparked her fascination with classical dance, and this interest grew into a passion for her own Indian traditional dance forms.
Rukmini Devi Arundale: The Bharatanatyam Legend (2017) di Abhishek N. VermaZubaan
Arundale subsequently opened several schools, including the Kalakshetra Foundation, an arts school that specialized in bharatanatyam. Arundale saved the tradition form from obscurity, and reinvented it with modern dance principles in the process.
Cecilia Grierson was a physician, activist, author, inventor, reformer and, most notably, the first woman to receive a medical degree in Argentina. She also founded the first nursing school in Argentina, at the Hospital Británico de Buenos Aires, seen here in Street View.
Suzanne Lenglen - Anvers 1920 (1920) di Photographer unknown / Getty ImagesThe Olympic Museum
Suzanne Lenglen (1920-08-16) di GettyImagesThe Olympic Museum
Lenglen picked up her first racket in 1910 and, in less than five years, became the sport’s youngest champion and the world’s first female tennis star. More importantly, she broke down barriers through her passionate play, non-traditional wardrobe, and outspoken stance against the sport’s formalities. With Lenglen’s influence, tennis became a sport for all.
Lina Bo Bardi in the Glass House , project by Lina Bo Bardi, São Paulo, SP. Brazil (1952) di Albuquqerque, Chico Instituto Moreira Salles
Lina Bo Bardi
But Bo Bardi’s reach extended well beyond her architecture career: she was also a publisher, teacher, designer, curator and political activist. Bo Bardi was both a pioneer and a polymath.
Halet CambelThe Olympic Museum
Halet CambelThe Olympic Museum
There, she broke ground on one of humanity's oldest known civilizations by discovering a Phoenician alphabet tablet that unlocked the code to Hittite hieroglyphics. Her work won her a Prince Claus Award for preserving Turkish cultural heritage.
Halet Cambel (1936-08-04)The Olympic Museum
But as well as unearthing the secrets of the past, she also firmly addressed the political atmosphere of her present. As just a 20-year-old archaeology student, Cambel went to the 1936 Berlin Olympics, becoming the first Muslim woman to compete in the Games. Cambel was later invited to meet Adolf Hitler but she rejected the offer on political grounds.
Miriam Makeba and Sonny Pillay (Not dated) di Ranjith KallyJohannesburg Art Gallery
But Makeba was a singer, and her voice was a vessel that would transport her out of her impoverished upbringing and challenging surroundings.
Miriam Makeba di Banksalve and CoGoDown Arts Centre
Makeba found success in the US with her hit songs “Pata Pata” and “The Click Song”, and she used her newfound fame to draw attention to the suffering and oppression of South Africa under apartheid. Makeba was exiled from South Africa for over 30 years, but continually worked to improve the lives of her countrymen and women. Nelson Mandela said, "Her haunting melodies gave voice to the pain of exile and dislocation which she felt for 31 long years. At the same time, her music inspired a powerful sense of hope in all of us."
Watercolour portrait of Ada King, Countess of Lovelace (1840/1840) di UnknownBarbican Centre
In fact, Ada Lovelace is generally recognised as the world's first ever computer programmer. She was an English mathematician and writer who worked on Charles Babbage's early mechanical general-purpose computer, the Analytical Engine. All the way back in 1843, she imagined a machine capable of extraordinary things, limited only by the creativity of its programmer, nearly a century before the first modern computers were built.
LIFE Photo Collection
Mission Specialist (MS) Ride at forward flight deck pilots stations controls (1983-06-24)NASA
When Ride blasted off aboard the space shuttle Challenger on June 18, 1983, she became the first American woman to fly in space. Ride's historic flight made her a symbol of the ability of women to break barriers and a hero to generations of adventurous young girls.
After retiring from NASA, Ride became a physics professor and an award-winning co-author of children’s science books. Ride also cofounded a science education organization to ignite students' enthusiasm for science. Ride inspired all of us to reach for the stars.
Frida Kahlo (1939, printed 1941) di Nickolas MurayGeorge Eastman Museum
Frida Kahlo looking at the Sky, Coyoac��n, Mexico City, 1945. (1945) di Leo MatizFundación Leo Matiz
Kahlo’s early life was blighted by physical illness and impairment. Kahlo was just 18, on September 17th, 1925, when she was involved in a tragic bus crash, breaking several bones and causing significant damage to her spine. After the accident, in a full body cast and unable to move, Kahlo passed her time in bed. It was here that her mother brought her a portable easel and box of paints, and an artist was born.
Kahlo’s artistic talents only grew in both skill and recognition. Primarily known for her self-portraits and vivid depictions of her own body, Kahlo is revered for the way in which she captured female experience and embodiment in her artworks. Her paintings melded pain and passion, suffering and beauty, to powerful effect.
Self-Portrait Dedicated to Leon Trotsky (1937) di Frida KahloNational Museum of Women in the Arts
After her death, her beloved Blue House was opened as a museum in 1958, and is now dedicated to celebrating the life and work of this iconic artist and feminist thinker.