Jamu That You Don't Drink

Learn about the jamu mantra and the types of jamu that aren't made to be consumed

By Indonesia Gastronomy Network

Indonesia Gastronomy Network in collaboration with ACARAKI

Jamu Cekok by JamupediaIndonesia Gastronomy Network

Javanese people have a habit of taking caring of their health by drinking jamu. They even have done a detailed classification of jamu based on; ‘jamu that is consumed’ and ‘jamu that cannot be consumed’.

There are jamu that can be drunk, eaten, diloloh (hand fed) and dicekok (squeezed into the mouth). 

Pilis by JamupediaIndonesia Gastronomy Network

Meanwhile jamu that 'may not be consumed' is classified according to the location of use; "pilis" contains ingredients that are placed on the forehead, "pupuk" is placed on the fontanel of the baby until toddler age.

TapelIndonesia Gastronomy Network

Tapel  contains ingredients that are smeared on the stomach (sometimes up to the chest).   

BorehIndonesia Gastronomy Network

Boreh contains ingredients that are applied to the whole body.    

SinggulIndonesia Gastronomy Network

Singgul is ingredients used as a ‘deterrent’ from "dlingobengle" which is mashed and then rubbed behind the ears when the user mourns the dead.    

Param beras kencurIndonesia Gastronomy Network

Parem concoction is applied onto the bruised part of the body because of sprains, veins or fatigue, for example after long distances walking or exercising.

Param, Lulur, SinggulIndonesia Gastronomy Network

Lulur body scrub is used to clean the pores, or smooth the skin.    

Bedak Dingin (Cold Powder) by JamupediaIndonesia Gastronomy Network

Pyok-pyok’ is used to pat the part of the face that is cleaned using cold powder. 

Pilis (2020-08-18) by Prawoto IndartoIndonesia Gastronomy Network

Abu Merang Water by JamupediaIndonesia Gastronomy Network

‘Jamas’ shampoo uses ‘merang’ ash water

 (a dried rice stalk after its rice grains are taken off during the harvest process). The soaked ash is usually overnight and then filtered to be reused, jamas is a form of natural shampoo without foam nor addition chemicals.    

Teh Wayu (Wayu Tea) by JamupediaIndonesia Gastronomy Network

‘Rambang’ is a method for curing, cleaning, or treating the eyes due to eye irritation and itching. It usually uses betel leaves which are crushed and then filtered; ‘wayu’ tea water (which sits overnight before use) can also be used.

Pilis by JamupediaIndonesia Gastronomy Network

Jamu Sembur is where someone sprays the jamu or clean water that has been given a spell or prayer by a shaman. ‘Sembur’ is widely used to treat children with a fever, cough or have been possessed.

Mbok JamuIndonesia Gastronomy Network

Beyond the four methods of healing such as mantras, rituals, massage or rub as well as the consumption of concoctions of medicinal plants, the Javanese community believe there is divine power as a 'true owner and healer'

Copy of Serat Centhini Manuscript Collection of Reksa Pustaka by JamupediaIndonesia Gastronomy Network

Therefore before consuming or using jamu, there are spells or prayers that are usually recited. Tembang Lonthang kaca 323 from Serat Centhini jilid III can be taken as an example;

Relief in Trowulan Site by Prawoto IndartoIndonesia Gastronomy Network

“…wontên malih jampi watuk lisah klapa kunci asêm-kawak nanging mawi donga Illa iya Allahu amung punika …” meaning :
"... there is another jamu for cough treatment from coconut oil Kunci asem kawak but it needs to be completed with a prayer Illa iya Allahu is the only prayer "

Karmawibhangga Relief by JamupediaIndonesia Gastronomy Network

In addition to the prayer (mantra), some spells or prayers are also developed which are very popular in Javanese society. Uniquely, the prayers are very 'universal', because they can be used for all types of jamu and all types of diseases/illness. 

Wilwatikta Symbol by AcarakiIndonesia Gastronomy Network

The simple prayer consists of only seven words:

“ Tambo teko loro lungo. Lungo kersaning Allah…”meaning ;"Medicine comes (drunk), sickness goes (healthy) (because of) the power of God ..."

8 Types of Jamu by JamupediaIndonesia Gastronomy Network

When it’s examined deeper, simple prayer or mantra has built a relationship between physical, psychological and spiritual, a simple level of holistic healing. 

8 Kinds of Jamu wilwatiktaIndonesia Gastronomy Network

 Javanese people’s awareness of the concept of 'healthy' is embraced as a single union of microcosm and macrocosm to maintain cosmic balance is a concrete manifestation of the Sound of Nature, 'revelation' from the Creator, the owner of health and true life, Allah.

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