Celebrating Women in Brazilian Football

By The Football Museum

Visibility for Women's Football (2015) by The Football Museum CollectionThe Football Museum

The football country

It is common sense to refer to Brazil as the football country. However, a pice of this history is forgotten. For over four decades, women were forbid to play football, as it was considered that some sports were incompatible with their "nature". Only in 1983 was female football starting to be regulated. This exhibition aims to bring the history of women who fought for the right to play football into the spotlight.

Visibility for Women's Football (1960/1970) by Teresa Cristina CollectionThe Football Museum

The visibility of women's football defies the way we tell the history of Brazilian football.

What to we remember?

What do we forget?

What do we know about women's participation in the most popular sport in Brazil?

Visibility for Women's Football (2015) by The Football Museum CollectionThe Football Museum

These and other questions became part of the Museum Educational sector program with its different audiences.

Visibility for Women's Football (1988) by Suzana Cavalheiro CollectionThe Football Museum

Visibility and research

This exhibition aims to make the history of women who fought for the right to play football widely known. We share the curatorship with the athletes, referees, and field journalists themselves, who pointed to representative images of their careers and opened their personal files to The Football Museum, in order to make it public for reference, aiming to enlarge the sources of research which are almost non-existent in Brazil.

Visibility for Women's Football (2015) by The Football Museum CollectionThe Football Museum

The entrance of the Museum was covered with flags and pictures of generations of players who wore the yellow shirt.

Visibility for Women's Football (2015-05-19) by The Football Museum CollectionThe Football Museum

Mariléia dos Santos, aka. Michael Jackson (National Team 1988-1996).

Visibility for Women's Football (2015-05-19) by The Football Museum CollectionThe Football Museum

Suzana Cavalheiro (National Team 1988-1991).

Visibility for Women's Football (2015-05-19) by The Football Museum CollectionThe Football Museum

Daiane Menezes Rodrigues, aka Bagé (National Team 2002-2013).

Visibility for Women's Football (2015-05-19) by The Football Museum CollectionThe Football Museum

Aline Pellegrino (National Team 2004-2013).

Visibility for Women's Football (2015) by The Football Museum CollectionThe Football Museum

We had included the history of women's participation in football in the main exhibition of The Football Museum in May 2015. It is the right place for this history to be publicly told. Through the virtual platform of Google Cultural Institute, we want to reach more people who cannot visit us at Pacaembu Stadium, or that are interested in knowing the history of this sport.

Visibility for Women's Football (2015) by The Football Museum CollectionThe Football Museum

"Imagine if you were forbid to do something that you really like?"

Visibility for Women's Football (1988) by Michael Jackson CollectionThe Football Museum

Remembering women in football

Why do we make collections? Albums, postcards, toys, and tickets are objects that symbolize our love for football. This sport is inserted in the memory and personal history of most Brazilians. But this collection of countless objects from the world of football rarely remembers the women who took part. Women that, due to their persistence, contributed to the conquest of titles, places, and also tell the history.

Visibility for Women's Football (1988-06-04) by Suzana Cavalheiro CollectionThe Football Museum

Return to the fields

After the 1941 Act was, Brazilian women were not allowed to play football. Their return to the field symbolized a struggle for equality and increased visibility of the game. The National Team was only organized in 1988, and was composed mainly by the Radar players, from Rio de Janeiro, and Juventus Athletic Club players, from São Paulo. This team participated at the first female championship organized by FIFA, the International Women's Football Tournament, hosted in Guangdong, China, before the first official World Championship, which took place only in 1991.

Visibility for Women's Football (1988) by Suzana Cavalheiro CollectionThe Football Museum

Norway beat Sweden at the finals, for 1x0, and Brazil secured the bronze medal.

Visibility for Women's Football (1988) by Michael Jackson CollectionThe Football Museum

The competition had twelve teams from six confederations: Australia, Brazil, Canada, China, Czechoslovakia, Ivory Coast, Japan, Netherlands, Norway, Sweden, Thailand, and United States.

Visibility for Women's Football (2015) by The Football Museum CollectionThe Football Museum

Creating female idols

Since childhood, we have admired players and some of us dream to join the Brazilian football idols. This dream also seem possible when girls and boys have players like Marta and Formiga as examples. They held winning records, never achieved by male players. The athletes were included in the Barroc Angels Rooms, a place for people like this.

Visibility for Women's Football (2001) by Fernando Pereira collectionThe Football Museum

Marta (Dois Riachos, AL, 1986)

With a powerful left strike and enviable speed, Marta's skill has made her the only player elected as the World's Best by FIFA for five times in a row, and the greatest striker in Brazilian Team's history, scoring 101 goals in 2015 – a deed unmatched by men or women. She is the only honoured woman at Maracanã sidewalk of fame, which has opened way to the visibility of women's football in the 21st century.

Visibility for Women's Football (2015) by The Football Museum CollectionThe Football Museum

Visibility for Women's Football (2001) by Fernando Pereira CollectionThe Football Museum

Marta and Dani Alves in Under-19 selection.

Visibility for Women's Football (1999) by Delvanita Souza Santos CollectionThe Football Museum

Formiga (Salvador, BA, 1978)

Playing for over 20 years in Brazilian National Team, Formiga is the most requested athlete. She is also the only player in the world to participate in six World Cups and six Olympic Games. She is quick, precise, and has an outstanding game vision. The wing player played for Malmo FF Dam (Sweden), Santos, São Paulo, Paris Saint German (France), and São José (SP), where she won three Copa CONMEBOL Libertadores and a FIFA Club World Cup. Together with Marta, she got a silver medal in Athens (2004) and Beijing (2008), and gold in the Pan-Americans of 2003, 2007, and 2015.

Visibility for Women's Football (1999) by Delvanita Souza Santos CollectionThe Football Museum

Torcedores no Estádio das Laranjeiras (1920) by Acervo Fluminense Futebol ClubeThe Football Museum

The beginning

When football arrived in Brazil, in the beginning of the 20th century, it was only played by the elite: lower class and black people were not accepted in the first clubs, so they played in the streets and on the factory floors. The women were also only supposed to go to the bleachers. In elegant suits of the time, the ladies carried their tissues and waved them at the match. It was the first female contribution to football, and the word "torcedor" (twister), was a name used to call football fans in Brazil.

Visibility for Women's Football (1930) by Memorial Collection of the Portuguese Sports AssociationThe Football Museum

Act 3199, April 14 1941

This Act laid the groundwork for organizing Brazilian sports across the country. The President of the Republic used the rights assured by the Federal Constitution in article 180.

Chapter IX: general and transitional provisions

Art. 54 stated that women were not allowed to play sports that are incompatible to the conditions of their nature. This made the National Sports Council responsible for establishing the necessary instructions to sport in Brazil.

A citizen's letter to president Getúlio Vargas

"[I came] to ask the clairvoyant attention of Your Honor to adjure a calamity that is coming to collapse upon the female youth in Brazil. I refer, Mr. President, to the enthusiastic movement that is exhilarating hundreds of girls, attracting them to become football players regardless of the fact that women cannot play this violent sport without seriously affecting the physiological balance of their organic functions, due to the nature that compels them to be mothers... The papers informs us that in Rio there are at least ten female teams. In São Paulo and Belo Horizonte others are being gathered. At this pace, within a year, it is probable that all over the country there will be like 200 female football clubs, meaning: 200 destroyers of the health of 2,200 future mothers that, besides that, will be trapped in a depressive mentality, subjected to rude and flamboyant exhibitionism."

Visibility for Women's Football (1938) by Magazine Educação Physica / Collection CEME / UFRGSThe Football Museum

"Football is unsuited for women." – O Dia, Curitiba, June 26 1940. Leonor Silva, queen ambassadress of Vasco da Gama and National Team of 1938.

Visibility for Women's Football (1938) by Magazine Educação Physica/Collection CEME/UFRGSThe Football Museum

"Surely no one would demand that women would play football or rugby, or punch antagonists with box gloves, or throw iron bars, or grapple in roman wrestling. There are exercises that are not proper and would be harmful to women, not only to their beauty but to their health, and would be ridiculous." – Novelist Coelho Neto, known as a football supporter, 1926. Educação Physica magazine, 1937.

Visibility for Women's Football (1937) by Magazine Educação Physica/Collection CEME/UFRGSThe Football Museum

"The sport women, the champion, besides having a below average health, has a compromised feature." – Dr. Leite de Castro, at newspaper O Dia Esportivo, Curitiba, June 26 1940. Educação Physica magazine, 1937.

Presentation of women's football at Circo Irmãos Queirolo (1926) by The Magazine Cigarra/State Archive of São PauloThe Football Museum

But women wanted to play and during the 1930s, a time of popularization and professionalization for football, they started to learn the rules of the game.

Visibility for Women's Football (1934-01-05) by Correio do Paraná/National Library Foundation Collection - BrazilThe Football Museum

"Do you know that female football was once a circus act?"

Visibility for Women's Football (1940) by Magazine Educação Physica / Collection CEME / UFRGSThe Football Museum

Female teams emerged in the outskirts of Rio de Janeiro, such as Casino Realengo, S. C. Brasileiro, S. C. Bemfica, Eva F. C., and Primavera A. C. They were the pioneers facing and exposing this practice to the public. They were invited to matches abroad and carried out a match in C. R. Flamengo and São Paulo F. C., as well as in the opening of Pacaembu Stadium, in May 1940.

Visibility for Women's Football (1940-06-23) by The journal A Batalha / National Library Foundation Collection - BrazilThe Football Museum

"The National Sport Council (...) decided to ask for state governor's actions, together with their Police Chiefs, in order to not allow, by any chance, the occurrence of female football games." – Folha de São Paulo, São Paulo, February 04 1965.

Women's Football from Casino Realengo, 1940 (1940) by Magazine Educação Physica / Collection CEME / UFRGSThe Football Museum

Female team of Casino Realengo, Rio de Janeiro, September 1940.

Visibility for Women's Football (1940) by Magazine Educação Physica / Collection CEME / UFRGSThe Football Museum

Bemfica F. C. female team, Rio de Janeiro, 1940.

Visibility for Women's Football (2015) by The Football Museum CollectionThe Football Museum

First championships

In a time that the Brazilian male football team were three times world champions, women were still forbid to play the same sport. The prohibition act was only canceled in 1979 and in 1983 the sport was regulated, while some teams and small championships were illegally happening. Only in 1991 the first Female Football World Cup organized by FIFA was carried out. Here is the multimedia totem, placed in the World Cup Room, at the Museum of Football, during the exhibition.

Visibility for Women's Football (2015) by The Football Museum CollectionThe Football Museum

What do we know of female championships?

Italian team that competed in the unofficial 1970 World Cup in Turin, Italy. (1970) by Archive Getty ImagesThe Football Museum

The first female world championship took place in Italy in 1970. The contest was not supported by FIFA and, because of that, was almost wiped from history. The Federation of Independent European Female Football (FIEFF) sponsored the tournament. Austria, Denmark, England, Germany, Italy, Mexico, and Switzerland took part in the opening event. Denmark beat Italy at the finals in Turim for 2x0 and almost 50,000 supporters witnessed the match.

Visibility for Women's Football (1970-07-11) by Popperfoto | Getty ImagesThe Football Museum

Mexicans and Italians play at the semifinals, 1970.

Danish national team that competed in the 1970 World Cup in Turin, Italy. (1970) by Archive Getty ImagesThe Football Museum

In the next year, the second edition of this World Championship was carried out in Mexico – a year after the Brazilian male team became world champion for the third time at the same field. Over a 100,000 supporters followed the danish conquest against the Mexicans (3x0).

The Mexican Football Federation tried to stop the female players in their fields. The problem was dismissed when two private stadiums opened their doors for the tournament: Jalisco and Azteca. Brazil and Argentina were invited.

Visibility for Women's Football (2015) by The Football Museum CollectionThe Football Museum

Pioneeers

Who are the pioneers in the world of football? Who are the women that had crossed the borders of prejudice? We use this space to give visibility to women that imprint their signature in this history, as players, referees, coaches, supporters, journalists; struggling for the love of the sport. To know who those women are is to tell a history that was little known and must be acknowledged.

Visibility for Women's Football (1970/1970) by Léa Campos CollectionThe Football Museum

The first FIFA female referee

From Minas Gerais, Léa Campos was the first woman in the world to referee a game, in 1971, during the female world championship in Mexico. Therefore, Léa had to challenge the military regime in Brazil and ask for the permission of President General Médici to represent Brazil in the official referee team. She was arrested 15 times and fought her own family to be able to work with football. She was the first FIFA female referee and opened the way to many other referees and assistant referees that emerged in the following years.

Visibility for Women's Football (1922) by The magazine Cigarra / State Archive of São PauloThe Football Museum

In 1922, the newspapers from Rio de Janeiro reported on a woman who allegedly refereed a football match. The illustration of cartoonist Waldo had satirized the unusual episode with the following subtitle: "if it became popular, the football matches among men would become courtship struggles."

Visibility for Women's Football (1970/1970) by Léa Campos CollectionThe Football Museum

Fifty years later

"To referee a football game is no profession for women." – Revista Placar São Paulo, August 20 1971. Léa Campos in the center of the photo.

Visibility for Women's Football (1960/1970) by Teresa Cristina CollectionThe Football Museum

Araguari Atlético Clube

The Araguari Atlético Clube team, from Araguari, a city 585km from Belo Horizonte (MG), was portrayed in the widely known O Cruzeiro magazine in 28 February 1959. The story called "GLAMOUR" WEAR CLEATS called the national attention as it revealed one of the rare football clubs with female participation that publicly presented itself in a period when women were unadvised – if not to say forbidden – to play football.

Araguari was created when the Grupo Escolar Visconde de Ouro Preto board has proposed to the club with a charity match against the athletes of their biggest rival, the Fluminense Futebol Clube, aiming to get funds to the school.

Visibility for Women's Football (1960/1970) by Teresa Cristina CollectionThe Football Museum

"(...) Women have more fragile bones, less muscle mass, ubiquitous pelvic girdle, larger and so less resistent bodies, a lower center of gravity, smaller hearts, less red blood cells count, breathing less appropriate to heavy sports, less nervous resistance and organic adaptation." – Folha de São Paulo July 16 1961. Eleuza, goalkeeper from Araguari.

Visibility for Women's Football (1959-01-22) by National Library Foundation Collection - BrazilThe Football Museum

Perhaps due to their naivety, Araguari players and board wish to professionalize the modality. They had promoted friendly matches among other teams that were also clandestine and had some press coverage.

The boldness of those women resulted in an early ending of the team's history. Some say that it was due to the pressure of the local church, others say it was a recommendation of the Brazilian Sports Confederation.

Visibility for Women's Football (1962) by Teresa Cristina CollectionThe Football Museum

A photo of a malfunctioning train during male and female Araguari athletes trip.

Visibility for Women's Football (1970/1980) by Zuleide Raniere CollectionThe Football Museum

Radio Mulher (women's radio)

In its six years of operation – since its foundation in 1970 until its closure in 1976 – Radio Mulher made history with its innovations and pioneers. Bought in 1969 with the name of Santo Amaro AM by the entrepreneur Roberto Montoro, the radio station had a makeover in the following year, becoming a reference of what we know today. From the driver to the sound technician, the 930AM crew was mainly female.

Visibility for Women's Football (1970/1980) by Germana Garili CollectionThe Football Museum

The program, created by and for women, had a football coverage during weekends. Germana Garilli's, aka Gegê, field reporter credentials, representing the Radio Mulher.

Visibility for Women's Football (1970/1980) by Zuleide Ranieri CollectionThe Football Museum

Women's space in football coverage

During one of those programs, the first sportscast made by a woman in 1972. Zuleide Ranieri was the main commentator of a match between Soviet Union and Czechoslovakia.

Visibility for Women's Football (1970/1980) by Germana Garili CollectionThe Football Museum

Germana beside Jairzinho

Other important names in the history of the radio were Germana Garlilli, reporter and commentator; field reporter; Claudete Troiano, Jurema Yara and Leilah Silveira, both commentators; and Léa Campos. The former referee was responsible for analyzing the referee performance during the matches.

Visibility for Women's Football (1960/1970) by Semiramis Alves CollectionThe Football Museum

Semiramis Alves' field reporter credentials during the perioed she worked for TV Tupi

Radio Mulher reached greater audiences, specially male listeners. Keeping it in mind and aiming for more audience, Roberto Montoro, in the words of Zuleide, "married" the radio, inviting men to join the team.

Visibility for Women's Football (1960/1970) by Semiramis Alves CollectionThe Football Museum

The reporter Semíramis Alves between Alberto Torres and the goalkeeper Gilmar

Little by little, the male presence grew, giving the radio a new frame. Since 1974, many girls no longer worked for the 930 AM, which was closed in 1976 due to a lack of sponsors.

Visibility for Women's Football (1970/1980) by Germana Garili CollectionThe Football Museum

Germana Garilli, aka Gegê, during the broadcast of Rádio Mulher.

Visibility for Women's Football (1970/1980) by Zuleide Ranieri CollectionThe Football Museum

Léa Campos, Zuleide, Gegê (on the back) and Claudete and non-identified person during Rádio's awards

Despite the closure of the station, the legacy of women – even if few of them – commenting, covering, and earning their living off football, was also due to Rádio Mulher.

Visibility for Women's Football (1970/1980) by Claudete Troiano CollectionThe Football Museum

Claudete Troiano interviewing Pelé to Rádio Mulher.

Visibility for Women's Football (1980) by Rose do Rio CollectionThe Football Museum

Rose do Rio

Whether in the fields or in politics, another pioneer was the player and law student Rose do Rio, from Paraná, who decided to play football to attack the prejudice labels that female players were receiving during the 80s. Politically committed, she founded and presided the Rio de Janeiro's Female Football Association, supporting other states in doing the same. This photo shows Rose after the foundation of Rio de Janeiro's Female Football Association.

Visibility for Women's Football (1982) by Rose do Rio CollectionThe Football Museum

Rose won this nickname after being involved in an important episode that made history, in a period that the prohibition act was already cancelled, but women continued boycott the field, due to the lack of regulation.

In September 1982, São Paulo hosted the National Festival of Women in Art, organized by Ruth Escobar. Ruth, actress and cultural producer, organized the festival with the support of the Revista Nova. It was no doubt a great example of female artistic production in a wide range of acting fields.

Ruth Escobar and Rose do Rio at the Morumbi Stadium in 1982 (1982) by Rose do Rio CollectionThe Football Museum

Initial kick from Ruth Escobar during the match between women played at Morumbi, 1982

In the ending day of the festival, two teams were assembled, one from Rio de Janeiro and one from São Paulo, to play in the lawn of Morumbi Stadium.

The organization of the event received a Restraining Order and was able to work around it by calling the match a foreplay "spectacle", previous to the match between São Paulo and Corinthians. The match duration was shortened – twenty minutes each half – as to de-characterize it as an authentic match.

Visibility for Women's Football (1982) by Rose do Rio CollectionThe Football Museum

68,000 supporters came to the stadium, at the same time as a telegram from the São Paulo Football Federation forbidding the match. According to Rose do Rio's testimony, the male players were supportive of the match, and Sócrates one of the leaders of Corinthians Democracy, said it out loud:

"The public is here to see the female game. They are not here to see Corinthians and São Paulo. So, if they cannot play, we won't play either!"

Visibility for Women's Football (1982) by Rose do Rio CollectionThe Football Museum

A moment before the match between São Paulo and Corinthians in 1982.

Visibility for Women's Football (1982) by Rose do Rio CollectionThe Football Museum

Casagrande beside Rose.

Visibility for Women's Football (1982) by Rose do Rio CollectionThe Football Museum

When CND regulated the practice in 1983, the rules of the sport set the duration of the match in 70 minutes, with 15-20 minutes of break; the ball's size was 62-66 centimeters and maximum weight of 390 grams; the players must use cleats without metal or pointed studs; and they cannot exchange shirts with the opponents after a match.

This last rule is due the episode occurred at Morumbi, when Ruth Escobar exchanged her shirt with a player from São Paulo team.

Visibility for Women's Football (2015) by The Football Museum CollectionThe Football Museum

Our female national teams

Only in 1988, Guangdong, China, hosted the IFIFA's international Women's Football Tournament, as a general rehearsal for a possible Female World Cup. In 1991, FIFA granted the city the right to host the official tournament since they had available plans and infrastructure. On that occasion, FIFA refused to grant the status of World Cup to women.

Visibility for Women's Football (1988) by Suzana Cavalheiro CollectionThe Football Museum

The only commercial sponsor of the event, the candy factory Mars, took the lead and assigned the tournament the name M&M's Cup. After considering the tournament a success, FIFA renamed the event retroactively as "Female Football World Cup".

Despite having the same name, the Female World Cup would still struggle for years to assure the basic infrastructure to carry on the championship every four years. Broadcasting, sponsorship, fields, calendar, public are challenging topics for organizers and, as such, for participating teams

Visibility for Women's Football (1991) by Lunalva Torres de Almeida CollectionThe Football Museum

1991 World Cup: Brazil 9th place

12 teams, 26 matches, and 99 goals are the results of the first Female Cup, carried out in China, where United States was the winner.

Visibility for Women's Football (1995) by Bongarts | Getty ImagesThe Football Museum

1995 World Cup

The Swedish hostess fell during the quarterfinals and Norway got into the spotlight, as the indict champion. Even without going beyond the first phase, our team already had Sissi and Pretinha as highlights. In the picture is the match between Brazil and Germany, with the Brazilian player Cenira.

Visibility for Women's Football (1995) by Lunalva Torres de Almeida CollectionThe Football Museum

Brazilian delegation preparing to the 1995 World Cup, at Granja Comary.

Visibility for Women's Football (1995) by Lunalva Torres de Almeida CollectionThe Football Museum

Brazilian National Team, 1995. Notice the male uniform they wore, whose model was used by men at 1994 Cup.

Visibility for Women's Football (1999) by Juliana Cabral CollectionThe Football Museum

1999 World Cup: Brazil 3rd place

The North-Americans won their second championship at home, as the tournament rose from 12 to 16 teams. It was the Cup with the biggest amount of goals so far, 123 scores. Pictured is the ticket for the third place match, between Brazil and Norway, at the 1999 World Cup.

Visibility for Women's Football (1999-07-10) by Foto Mike Fiala | AFP | Getty ImagesThe Football Museum

Formiga and Maravilha celebrate Brazilian victory.

Visibility for Women's Football (2003) by Foto Jamies Squire | Getty ImagesThe Football Museum

2003 World Cup: Brazil 5th place

The Avian Influenza outbreak has prevented China to host the event, that was hosted again by the US. The champion, Germany, had a perfect campaign, as the striker Birgit Prinz was elected the best player in the world in the same year. Marta debuted in Brazilian's Team.

Visibility for Women's Football (2003) by Foto Ben Radford | Getty ImagesThe Football Museum

Daniela Alves during a World Cup match in 2007 (2007-09-30) by Foto Frederic J. Brown | AFP | Getty ImagesThe Football Museum

2007 World Cup: Brazil vice-champion

Germany won their second Cup in a row, but the major highlight was the Brazilian team that had the best result of its history in World Cups, with five victories and only one defeat to the champions. With seven goals and brilliant performances, Marta was the striker of the competition.

Brazilian National Team in 2007 (2007-09-17) by Foto Teh Eng Koon | AFP | Getty ImagesThe Football Museum

Visibility for Women's Football (2007-09-30) by Foto Frederic J. Brown | AFP | Getty ImagesThe Football Museum

Visibility for Women's Football (2011) by Foto Laurence Griffiths | FIFA | Getty ImagesThe Football Museum

2011 World Cup: Brazil 6th place

USA and Japan set the result of the finals with penalty shootouts, and the Japanese won with a great performance of the goalkeeper Ayumi Kaiori and the striker Homare Sawa, elected the best player of the world in 2012.

Visibility for Women's Football (2011) by Foto Lars Baron | FIFA | Getty ImagesThe Football Museum

Visibility for Women's Football (2011) by Silvana Goellner CollectionThe Football Museum

First sticker album of FIFA World Cup, 2011, that was only sold in Germany, host country of the competition.

Visibility for Women's Football (2015-07-13) by Foto Minas Panagiotakis | Getty ImagesThe Football Museum

2015 World Cup

The seventh edition of the tournament was held in Canada, with the new goal line technology available. One of the greatest controversies of this championships was the synthetic lawn used in the matches. Brazil had players from its permanent team, with exclusive uniforms. After a campaign in the group phase, Brazilians were defeated at round of 16 by the Australians.

Brazilian National Team at the 2015 World Cup (2015-06-09) by Foto Stuart Franklin | FIFA | Getty ImagesThe Football Museum

Visibility for Women's Football (2015) by The Football Museum CollectionThe Football Museum

Visibility for Women's Football (2015) by The Football Museum CollectionThe Football Museum

Body and movement are the main features of the football game. A beautiful play, a gorgeous strike, an unforgettable goal... all executed by the feet of football players. A sport trajectory that was presented as a circus act, a vedettes' match, charity events, enduring years of prohibition, and a lot of resistance.

Early cards of girl footballers (1906) by FIFAThe Football Museum

Brazilian Football Reference Center

The majority of this collection was gathered by the research and digitalization work of Brazilian Football Reference Center, the Museum of Football sector responsible for the digitalization of the contents.

Miss Isabel Tennant (1910) by Library of CongressThe Football Museum

"Do you keep materials that can help to rescue the history of female football?"

Visibility for Women's Football (1960/1970) by Semiramis Alves CollectionThe Football Museum

The major challenge is to start to put the jigsaw pieces together as the history of women's participation in football is absent from research sources and official organs and files.

Visibility for Women's Football (1988) by Suzana Cavalheiro CollectionThe Football Museum

It was important to share the curatorship of this exhibition with the protagonists of this history, athletes, referees, and journalists, that had pointed out significant images from their careers.

This doorway allowed us to discover and scan their personal collections and, thus, made them available at the project for increasing the visibility of female football.

Visibility for Women's Football (2015) by The Football Museum CollectionThe Football Museum

Therefore, we are proud to have, at the Football Museum, the biggest collection on the Brazilian sport. These collections are today the most important clues to begin to understand the history of female soccer in Brazil. Is is available to the public for free.

Credits: Story

Exhibition showing the visibility of female football

Original Version - 2015

Curatorship and texts | Female Football Work Group: Suzana Cardoso, Diego Sales, José Rodrigues Neto, Laís de Oliveira Araújo, Tatiane de Oliveira, Daniel Magnanelli, Aira Bonfim, Camila Aderaldo, Julia Terin e Pedro Sant'Anna
Research | Aira Bonfim, Camila Aderaldo e Suzana Cardoso.
Google Edtion | Aira Bonfim, Julia Terin, Pedro Sant'Anna e Camila Aderaldo
Text Revision | Daniela Alfonsi e Camila Aderaldo
Video Edition | Aira Bonfim
Participant Educators | Bruna Colluci, Claudia Stocco, Ingrid Ricetto, Leonardo Catella

Reviewed Version - 2018

Coordination
| Camila Aderaldo e Aira Bonfim
Adaptation, google edition and translation | Ana Letícia de Fiori

Credits: All media
The story featured may in some cases have been created by an independent third party and may not always represent the views of the institutions, listed below, who have supplied the content.
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