MINERALS AND ROCKS

DISCOVER SOME ITEMS FROM THE LARGE COLLECTION OF MINERALS AND ROCKS

By EARTH SCIENCE MUSEUM

MuscoviteOriginal Source: Tesouros da Terra - 2011, Editora Planeta DeAgostini - Revisão científica de: Prof. Dr. Rainer Schultz Guttler, do Instituto de Geociências (IGc), USP e Ideval Souza Costa, Geólogo do Museu de Ciências do IGc, USP.

Minerals and Rocks

These are living records of Brazil's geological heritage, the pioneering work of graduates of the Ouro Preto School of Mines and the contribution of the National Department of Mineral Production from the 1930s onwards.

Photo: Muscovita

OpalOriginal Source: Tesouros da Terra - 2011, Editora Planeta DeAgostini - Revisão científica de: Prof. Dr. Rainer Schultz Guttler, do Instituto de Geociências (IGc), USP e Ideval Souza Costa, Geólogo do Museu de Ciências do IGc, USP.

Also very important, the work in partnership with the Companhia de Pesquisa de Recursos Minerais (CPRM), currently known as the Geological Survey of Brazil (SGB), since the 1970s.
Photo: Opal

AzuriteOriginal Source: Tesouros da Terra - 2011, Editora Planeta DeAgostini - Revisão científica de: Prof. Dr. Rainer Schultz Guttler, do Instituto de Geociências (IGc), USP e Ideval Souza Costa, Geólogo do Museu de Ciências do IGc, USP.

The entire collection of minerals and rocks had the contribution of important names in the history of geosciences.
Photo: Azurite

PyriteOriginal Source: Tesouros da Terra - 2011, Editora Planeta DeAgostini - Revisão científica de: Prof. Dr. Rainer Schultz Guttler, do Instituto de Geociências (IGc), USP e Ideval Souza Costa, Geólogo do Museu de Ciências do IGc, USP.

Since the first half of the 20th century, the collection of rocks and minerals of the Museum of Earth Sciences has been the repository of official data about the main geological projects in the country and the mineral resources of our territory.

Photo: Pirite

BrasilianiteOriginal Source: Tesouros da Terra - 2011, Editora Planeta DeAgostini - Revisão científica de: Prof. Dr. Rainer Schultz Guttler, do Instituto de Geociências (IGc), USP e Ideval Souza Costa, Geólogo do Museu de Ciências do IGc, USP. / Minerais e Pedras Preciosas do Brasil - Carlos Conejo, Andrea Bartorelli - São Paulo: Solaris Edições Culturais - primeira reimpressão, 2014.

The collection consists of about 6,000 mineral species, many of rare beauty and gemological interest, of which approximately 2,300 are exposed to the public.

Photo: Brazilianita

 They are tourmalines, topaz, emeralds, amethysts, hematites and many other minerals of great visual appeal and of diverse interests, such as their use as ore and in civil construction.

Pink tourmaline, with feldspar and lepidoliteOriginal Source: Tesouros da Terra - 2011, Editora Planeta DeAgostini - Revisão científica de: Prof. Dr. Rainer Schultz Guttler, do Instituto de Geociências (IGc), USP e Ideval Souza Costa, Geólogo do Museu de Ciências do IGc, USP.

Pink Turmalin

The Earth Sciences Museum represents the history of geosciences in Brazil, with an exhibition that brings together the research product of the geological and geographical commissions established since the second half of the 19th century, headed by North American geologists.

Tourmaline in Quartz (Afrizite)Original Source: Tesouros da Terra - 2011, Editora Planeta DeAgostini - Revisão científica de: Prof. Dr. Rainer Schultz Guttler, do Instituto de Geociências (IGc), USP e Ideval Souza Costa, Geólogo do Museu de Ciências do IGc, USP.

Turmalin in quartzo

The rock collection has not yet been fully inventoried, but it is estimated to be even larger than the mineral collection. About 200 of them are on display to the public.

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CalciteOriginal Source: Enciclopédia de Minerais, 1999 Rebo International b.v., Lisse - 1ª edição: Outubro 2000. / 2003 Dorling Kindersley Limited - Pockets Rocks & Minerals copyright 1995 - Back Packs Books - 1001 Facts about Rocks and Minerals.

The technical reserve began to be inventoried in 2018. There is an estimate of at least more than 1,500 samples, including minerals and rocks, which should be attached to the collection.

Photo: Calcite

GarnetOriginal Source: Tesouros da Terra - 2011, Editora Planeta DeAgostini - Revisão científica de: Prof. Dr. Rainer Schultz Guttler, do Instituto de Geociências (IGc), USP e Ideval Souza Costa, Geólogo do Museu de Ciências do IGc, USP.

In the future, they may be used for the most diverse purposes, from donation to schools to the assembly of didactic kits or even reincorporation into the main exhibition collection.

Photo: Granade

HematiteOriginal Source: Tesouros da Terra - 2011, Editora Planeta DeAgostini - Revisão científica de: Prof. Dr. Rainer Schultz Guttler, do Instituto de Geociências (IGc), USP e Ideval Souza Costa, Geólogo do Museu de Ciências do IGc, USP.

The frequency of consultations and visits to the Hall of Minerals and Rocks is practically daily, through scheduled visits to schools and university courses.

Photo: Hematite

AgateOriginal Source: Tesouros da Terra - 2011, Editora Planeta DeAgostini - Revisão científica de: Prof. Dr. Rainer Schultz Guttler, do Instituto de Geociências (IGc), USP e Ideval Souza Costa, Geólogo do Museu de Ciências do IGc, USP.

The Earth Sciences Museum welcomes institutional visits from public and private companies that want to use the exhibition hall as a place for training, making use of the exposed collection to teach classes with geoscientific content to its employees.
Photo: Agate

SulfurOriginal Source: Tesouros da Terra - 2011, Editora Planeta DeAgostini - Revisão científica de: Prof. Dr. Rainer Schultz Guttler, do Instituto de Geociências (IGc), USP e Ideval Souza Costa, Geólogo do Museu de Ciências do IGc, USP.

The scientific value of this collection is immeasurable, consisting of samples of minerals and rocks that can yield different researches at all stages.

Photo: Sulfur

Beryl (Aquamarine)Original Source: Tesouros da Terra - 2011, Editora Planeta DeAgostini - Revisão científica de: Prof. Dr. Rainer Schultz Guttler, do Instituto de Geociências (IGc), USP e Ideval Souza Costa, Geólogo do Museu de Ciências do IGc, USP.

The search for research ranges from the elementary-level student, who accesses to obtain information for a school work on material expelled by volcanoes, to the doctoral researcher, interested in a particular specimen of mineral, rock or meteorite for his thesis. 
Photo: Beryl

GipsitaOriginal Source: Tesouros da Terra - 2011, Editora Planeta DeAgostini - Revisão científica de: Prof. Dr. Rainer Schultz Guttler, do Instituto de Geociências (IGc), USP e Ideval Souza Costa, Geólogo do Museu de Ciências do IGc, USP. / Minerais e Pedras Preciosas do Brasil - Carlos Conejo, Andrea Bartorelli - São Paulo: Solaris Edições Culturais - primeira reimpressão, 2014.

Gipsita

The finer, more transparent crystals of GIPSITE are known by the alternative name of selenite.    
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BariteOriginal Source: Tesouros da Terra - 2011, Editora Planeta DeAgostini - Revisão científica de: Prof. Dr. Rainer Schultz Guttler, do Instituto de Geociências (IGc), USP e Ideval Souza Costa, Geólogo do Museu de Ciências do IGc, USP. / Minerais e Pedras Preciosas do Brasil - Carlos Conejo, Andrea Bartorelli - São Paulo: Solaris Edições Culturais - primeira reimpressão, 2014.

Barite

BARITE is mainly formed in veins that have been affected by the action of hot water (hydrothermal). 
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DioptasiumOriginal Source: Tesouros da Terra - 2011, Editora Planeta DeAgostini - Revisão científica de: Prof. Dr. Rainer Schultz Guttler, do Instituto de Geociências (IGc), USP e Ideval Souza Costa, Geólogo do Museu de Ciências do IGc, USP. / Minerais e Pedras Preciosas do Brasil - Carlos Conejo, Andrea Bartorelli - São Paulo: Solaris Edições Culturais - primeira reimpressão, 2014.

Dioptasium

DIOPTASIUM is not a very common gemstone. It is found in copper veins that have been oxidized by air or water and in some cavities that surround this type of rock.
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ZeoliteEARTH SCIENCE MUSEUM

Zeolites

ZEOLITES are glassy secondary minerals that form in lava cavities and plutonic rocks.
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Imperial TopazOriginal Source: Tesouros da Terra - 2011, Editora Planeta DeAgostini - Revisão científica de: Prof. Dr. Rainer Schultz Guttler, do Instituto de Geociências (IGc), USP e Ideval Souza Costa, Geólogo do Museu de Ciências do IGc, USP. / Minerais e Pedras Preciosas do Brasil - Carlos Conejo, Andrea Bartorelli - São Paulo: Solaris Edições Culturais - primeira reimpressão, 2014.

Imperial Topaz

The most beautiful examples of TOPÁZIO are found in Minas Gerais, Brazil. The largest species ever found weighed over 2 tons. 
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FuchsitaOriginal Source: Tesouros da Terra - 2011, Editora Planeta DeAgostini - Revisão científica de: Prof. Dr. Rainer Schultz Guttler, do Instituto de Geociências (IGc), USP e Ideval Souza Costa, Geólogo do Museu de Ciências do IGc, USP. / Minerais e Pedras Preciosas do Brasil - Carlos Conejo, Andrea Bartorelli - São Paulo: Solaris Edições Culturais - primeira reimpressão, 2014.

Fuchsite

FUCHSITE contains a higher concentration of the chromium oxide compound than any other member of the mica group.
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SideriteOriginal Source: Tesouros da Terra - 2011, Editora Planeta DeAgostini - Revisão científica de: Prof. Dr. Rainer Schultz Guttler, do Instituto de Geociências (IGc), USP e Ideval Souza Costa, Geólogo do Museu de Ciências do IGc, USP. / Minerais e Pedras Preciosas do Brasil - Carlos Conejo, Andrea Bartorelli - São Paulo: Solaris Edições Culturais - primeira reimpressão, 2014.

Siderite

SIDERITE's chemical composition makes it an ideal source of iron. 
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