Milton Ramos: Some of his works

Milton Ramos exhibition celebrates part of this noted Brazilian architect's career. Here are some of his most iconic works, showing a small part of his prolific (and still little-known) output, primarily in Brasilia

By Instituto dos Arquitetos do Brasil - Departamento Distrito Federal

Milton no escritório by Acervo Milton Ramos / arq. Ana Cristina RamosInstituto dos Arquitetos do Brasil - Departamento Distrito Federal

The Architect

Milton Ramos (1929-2008) was a key figure among those architects who witnessed that important moment when architectural Modernism and its later development in Brazil was assured. Milton was responsible for works that displayed great visual and material coherence. This short exhibition is an opportunity to show Milton's contribution to modern architecture in Brasilia to the wider public.   

Milton no escritório by Acervo Milton Ramos / arq. Ana Cristina RamosInstituto dos Arquitetos do Brasil - Departamento Distrito Federal

A modern architect by training, he lived through a time of intense cultural change in the Rio de Janeiro of the 1950s as trailblazers had been reassessing the city's architecture for two decades. The exhibition offers a thematic profile of the architect's work, from his residential buildings to large projects like Belo Horizonte's Confins Airport.    

Milton no Palácio do Itamaraty by Acervo IAB DFInstituto dos Arquitetos do Brasil - Departamento Distrito Federal

Early years


Milton arrived in Brasilia as part of the professional team at Construtora Pederneiras, the construction company in charge of building several commercial and institutional buildings in the early decades of Brasilia's history.  


Milton was employed by the company from 1959 to 1967. During this time he worked on buildings designed by Oscar Niemeyer: on the Brasilia District Hospital (now the Brasilia Base Hospital), opened in 1959; on Oscar Niemeyer's residence on Park Way (1962), in partnership with the architect Carlos Magalhães; on the architectural detailing and construction of Brasilia's National Theater (1958 onwards); on the architectural detailing and construction of the Itamaraty Palace (1962 onwards).  

Milton em visita em obra by Acervo Milton Ramos / arq. Ana Cristina RamosInstituto dos Arquitetos do Brasil - Departamento Distrito Federal

Some of his works

We have chosen some of the architect's typical works so as to show the plastic qualities and the expressiveness contained in his work, especially in public buildings. These works also illustrate how he used prefabrication and streamlined the building site.    

Household

In 1973, he designed a home for his family in Lago Sul. He created a tall building that faces away from the front of the plot. On the ground floor are the communal living and service areas that lead out to the terraces and gardens while the bedrooms are on the upper floor. The angle between the house and the front of the plot provides a parking area to front while, on the other side, there is a grassy slope which gently rises up towards the building. Access to the house is through an opening between this slope and the body of the building, giving access to the living room, where panes of glass open up into the gardens. This solution creates introverted environments, with this perception being reinforced by the materiality of the stairwell, which consists of regular-shaped openings on both the front and rear facades.

Casa do Arquiteto by Acervo Milton Ramos / arq. Ana Cristina RamosInstituto dos Arquitetos do Brasil - Departamento Distrito Federal

Casa do Arquiteto by Acervo Milton Ramos / arq. Ana Cristina RamosInstituto dos Arquitetos do Brasil - Departamento Distrito Federal

Casa do Arquiteto by Acervo Milton Ramos / arq. Ana Cristina RamosInstituto dos Arquitetos do Brasil - Departamento Distrito Federal

Soldier's Oratory (1970) and the Federal District's Institute of History and Geography (1972)

In the 1970s, the experience he had gained from a decade of working with reinforced concrete led Milton to explore the material's properties in dramatic spaces. The Soldier's Oratory (Oratório do Soldado) and the Federal District's Institute of History and Geography (1970 and 1972 respectively) are examples of him relating technical boldness with the environment, producing spaces that surprise the visitor as they wander through them.

Oratório do Soldado by Acervo Milton Ramos / arq. Ana Cristina RamosInstituto dos Arquitetos do Brasil - Departamento Distrito Federal

The Soldier's Oratory (1970)

Oratório do Soldado by Acervo Milton Ramos / arq. Ana Cristina RamosInstituto dos Arquitetos do Brasil - Departamento Distrito Federal

Oratório do Soldado by Acervo Milton Ramos / arq. Ana Cristina RamosInstituto dos Arquitetos do Brasil - Departamento Distrito Federal

Oratório do Soldado by Acervo Milton Ramos / arq. Ana Cristina RamosInstituto dos Arquitetos do Brasil - Departamento Distrito Federal

The temple is located in the Pilot Plan's Urban Military Sector on Brasilia's central avenue, the Monumental Axis.

Instituto Histórico e Geográfico by Acervo Milton Ramos / arq. Ana Cristina RamosInstituto dos Arquitetos do Brasil - Departamento Distrito Federal

FEDERAL DISTRICT'S INSTITUTE OF HISTORY AND GEOGRAPHY (1972)

Instituto Histórico e Geográfico by Acervo Milton Ramos / arq. Ana Cristina RamosInstituto dos Arquitetos do Brasil - Departamento Distrito Federal

Instituto Histórico e Geográfico by Acervo Milton Ramos / arq. Ana Cristina RamosInstituto dos Arquitetos do Brasil - Departamento Distrito Federal

Blocks of Superquadras

Milton designed residential buildings for various Superquadras (huge housing estates) in the city. The R2 and R3 block design marks a significant moment in Milton Ramos' professional career as it was an opportunity to explore the possibilities offered by prefabricated concrete. The R2 Blocks can be found in various Superquadras in the Asa Sul district and they illustrate how seriality does not imply monotonous repetition. In the case of the partially built RE apartment blocks in the northern part of the city, Milton was also commissioned to urbanize blocks 407 and 408 and build the local classroom schools.

Credits: Story

Milton Ramos, algumas obras.

Curadoria: Carlos Henrique Magalhães de Lima e Luiz Eduardo Sarmento
Agradecimento: à família do arquiteto Milton Ramos pela disponibilização do acervo, principalmente à arquiteta e urbanista Ana Cristina Ramos, pela pesquisa e valiosa contribuição.

GT - IAB, 60 anos de Brasília.
Projeto Memória da Arquitetura e do Urbanismo de Brasília 
Luiz Eduardo Sarmento (coordenação)

Antônio Moraes de Castro
Daniel Melo
Evelyn Marques
Heloisa Moura
Juliana Alves Dullius
Laís Petra
Larissa Sad
Luiza Dias Coelho
Maribel Aliaga
Stela Regina Marques

Gestão IAB.DF 2020/2022

Credits: All media
The story featured may in some cases have been created by an independent third party and may not always represent the views of the institutions, listed below, who have supplied the content.
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