MOCA Archives at 70 Mulberry Street (2009)Museum of Chinese in America
On the night of Thursday, January 23, 2020, a five-alarm fire erupted at 70 Mulberry Street, a city-owned building constructed by C.B.J Snyder in 1892. Located in the heart of Manhattan's Chinatown, the building was home to the Museum of Chinese in America until 2009 and continued to serve as MOCA's Collections and Research Center, as well as home to four other Chinatown nonprofits.
Over 85,000 objects in MOCA's nationally recognized collections were stored inside 70 Mulberry Street. These historic artifacts had been carefully collected, preserved and curated over decades beginning in 1980 when MOCA was founded.
Now, these artifacts faced certain destruction. The fire would be MOCA's greatest crisis in its 40-year history.
What follows is a day by day account written and compiled from hundreds of MOCA's social media posts, photos, and videos; FDNY public records; and TV and radio news reports that capture those first critical weeks of the fire, its aftermath and the recovery effort afterward.
Together, these sources tell the full story of the Museum's race against time to save 200 years of Chinese American history trapped in four rooms holding up the weight of a century-old fire-crippled building on the verge of collapse. This is the story of the MOCA Archives Fire Recovery effort.
The main office of the MOCA Collections and Research Center (2020-01-08) by Jing ZhaoMuseum of Chinese in America
This was MOCA's Collections and Research Center. These photos were taken two weeks before the fire. At the time, we had no idea they would become the final images of this beloved space.
Signs recovered from closed Chinatown businesses (2020-01-08) by Jing ZhaoMuseum of Chinese in America
Handwritten letters, photos, oral histories, paintings, store signs, textiles, sculptures, film reels, furniture and other artifacts documented the rich history of the Chinese experience in America.
Rows of boxes housing documents and objects in one of MOCA's archival storage rooms (2020-01-08) by Jing ZhaoMuseum of Chinese in America
Although our collections staff have digitized over 35,000 objects (10,000 of which are accessible in our online database), the historical artifacts themselves are irreplaceable.
The conservation work area of MOCA's Collections and Research Center (2020-01-08) by Jing ZhaoMuseum of Chinese in America
Artists, authors, scholars, filmmakers and playwrights have used MOCA's archives as source material for their creative work. Among these are David Henry Hwang's "The Dance and the Railroad", Ursula Liang's "9 Man" documentary and Lisa See's novel "China Dolls", to name a few.
A Sign Dedicated to the Original Funders of Museum of Chinese in the Americas (2020-01-08) by Jing ZhaoMuseum of Chinese in America
70 Mulberry Street has served as the original home for several incarnations of the Museum, with several name changes along the way. This sign that greets visitors in the main hallway of MOCA's archives honors the individuals who recognized early on the importance of history, family stories and community when MOCA was called the Museum of Chinese in the Americas before adopting its current name.
70 Mulberry Five-Alarm Fire (2020-01-23) by FDNY Response VideosMuseum of Chinese in America
On 1/23/2020, a fire rips through 70 Mulberry Street. The building's roof and top floors collapse in the blaze and eight people are injured. As MOCA staff watched the building burn, we wondered how much, if any, of MOCA’s collections could be saved.
The first photo MOCA captures of the fire at 70 Mulberry Street (2020-01-23) by Nancy Yao MaasbachMuseum of Chinese in America
MOCA publishes the first post in what will become its daily social media coverage of the fire. The Museum's social media channels become a lifeline for millions of people around the world riveted to learn of the fate of the archives.
The first post, MOCA's first public communication about the fire, reads:
"MOCA is deeply saddened and shocked by the devastating fire at Chinatown’s beloved 70 Mulberry. The MOCA team stayed on site until hoses stopped last night. We have reached out to emergency conservators. Thank you for the outpouring of community support re: MOCA archives. We will update as we get more information."
ABC 7 TV package (2020-01-24) by ABC 7Museum of Chinese in America
FDNY at 70 Mulberry (2020-01-24)Museum of Chinese in America
For 10 straight hours, firefighters try to extinguish the flames with what seems like an ocean's worth of water. The MOCA team is anxious to begin recovery, since the first 48-72 hours are critical to salvaging and stabilizing materials that have endured a fire.
However, city and fire officials warn MOCA staff that the soonest any one can safely enter the building is three weeks. With the weight of tons of debris from the collapsed roof, 5th, 4th and 3rd floors threatening to cave-in the 2nd floor housing MOCA's archives, the New York Times publishes a grim headline: "85,000 Pieces From Beloved Chinatown Museum Likely Destroyed in Fire". The story would capture the world's attention and crystallize everyone's worst fears that the collection is completely lost.
70 Mulberry St (2020-01-26) by Yue MaMuseum of Chinese in America
MOCA President Nancy Yao Maasbach kept in close round-the-clock communication with city officials about retrieving collection artifacts, but inspectors deemed the building too dangerous to enter.
Window where archives boxes can be seen (2020-01-27) by Nancy Yao MaasbachMuseum of Chinese in America
MOCA's social media post of the day on 1/27/2020:
"Thank you for your continued support. We are waiting to hear from #NYC officials as to when MOCA's collections and archives can be safely extracted. This picture is keeping us focused on recovery, which will be a long, complex and costly process. We will update you as soon as possible."
MOCA Fire Recovery Tweets (2020-01) by @mocanyc, @charissache, @davidhenryhwang, @humanitiesall, @smithsoniansec, @brandonshimoda, @lisa_see, @lisayee1, @michaelaconlin, @its_willyu, @minjinlee11, @stirfrygrace, and @pronounced_ingMuseum of Chinese in America
Reaction on social media is swift. MOCA's tweets about the fire go viral and galvanize hundreds of people around the world to donate to MOCA's fire recovery fund on GoFundMe. In the first days after the fire $100,000 in digitally crowdsourced donations is raised.
MOCA Fire Recovery Instagram Stories (2020-01-28) by @9mandoc, @pd.t, @katieleehill, @babywhiterice, @therealphilliplim, @cathyxie, @missinfo, @superchew, @clairevoon, and @chuzhenzhenMuseum of Chinese in America
But the support on social media isn't all about money. Thousands of people find creative ways, especially through Instagram Stories, to express their love for MOCA and sadness for what might be lost.
Fire Recovery - Space Prep (2020-01-28)Museum of Chinese in America
To prepare for recovery, volunteer conservation experts from the NYC Department of Records and Information Services, and Alliance for Response NYC stay on standby. Hundreds of first-time volunteers also respond to MOCA's call for help and together with MOCA staff create a temporary recovery area at MOCA's main museum space at 215 Centre Street.
70 Mulberry Roof Cave-In (2020-01-25) by Yue MaMuseum of Chinese in America
First box is out (2020-01-29) by Edward ChengMuseum of Chinese in America
Finally, on 1/29/2020 (five days after the fire), city officials decide one room in MOCA's archives is safe enough to enter and authorize crews to rescue its contents. MOCA sends a tweet read 'round the world: "FIRST BOX IS OUT!"
Recovery Has Started (2020-01-29) by Edward ChengMuseum of Chinese in America
MOCA's social media posts on 1/29/2020:
"RECOVERY HAS STARTED. Racing against time now to retrieve, sort and transport for further assessment. These boxes are only from 1 room in our archives."
Arlan Huang helping remove boxes from truck transporting recovered artifacts from 70 Mulberry (2020-01-29) by Edward ChengMuseum of Chinese in America
"Extraordinary efforts today. Deep gratitude to all City agencies, elected officials, and MOCA volunteers. We recovered approximately 160 boxes today. Holding tight to hope and focused on continued recovery of the MOCA Collection. We took our first steps today."
Boxes of recovered artifacts on truck (2020-01-29) by Edward ChengMuseum of Chinese in America
Among the artifacts recovered are documents, playbills, compositions and notes from the iconic musical Flower Drum Song.
Volunteer transports Ang Lee box (2020-01-29) by Edward ChengMuseum of Chinese in America
A volunteer carries a recovered box of Oscar-winning film director Ang Lee's personal mementos donated to MOCA's Collections.
Volunteer conservator inspects box contents (2020-01-29) by Edward ChengMuseum of Chinese in America
Once boxes arrive at MOCA's temporary recovery area, volunteer professional conservators immediately begin looking for any damage to the contents.
Volunteer conservator inspects costume headpiece for damage (2020-01-29) by Edward ChengMuseum of Chinese in America
As more objects are examined, MOCA begins to understand more fully the Herculean task ahead, and the extraordinary expense and work needed to repair, recover, and rebuild its collections and archives.
Chinatown Picking Up The Pieces After Devastating Fire Destroys Museum, Community Center (2020-01-29) by CBS New YorkMuseum of Chinese in America
File footage of recovered MOCA artifacts (2020-01-30) by Edward ChengMuseum of Chinese in America
This is never-before-seen file footage filmed at MOCA's temporary recovery area on the first day of the salvage operation. Among the recovered artifacts are costumes from MOCA's Chinese Musical and Theatrical Association (CMTA) collection, acquired in 1989, and artifacts from the Alex Jay, Virginia Moy and Way Gar Wong collections.
First stage recovery - CMTA items air drying (2020-01-30) by Jing ZhaoMuseum of Chinese in America
Second stage recovery begins (2020-01-31) by Nancy Yao MaasbachMuseum of Chinese in America
On 1/31/2020, a second round of recovery begins, focusing on over 500 boxes of paper documents and many three dimensional objects like folded paper sculptures, hand laundry equipment, and travel trunks.
Golden Venture sculpture recovered (2020-01-31) by Edward ChengMuseum of Chinese in America
MOCA's social media posts on 1/31/2020:
"Just retrieved from our priceless Golden Venture paper sculpture collection! Condition unknown."
Chinese American Times recovered (2020-01-31) by Edward ChengMuseum of Chinese in America
"Retrieved two boxes of the original Chinese American Times founded by William Yukon Chang that was the first Chinese American newspaper published entirely in English! Condition unknown."
Damaged eagle from Fly to Freedom collection (2020-01-31) by Edward ChengMuseum of Chinese in America
"Another artifact from our Golden Venture paper sculptures collection retrieved. Condition unknown. This was shown in our FOLD exhibition in 2017."
Wet items have been sent to an offsite facility for treatment (2020-01-31) by Edward ChengMuseum of Chinese in America
"Wet items have been sent to an offsite facility for treatment. Every item is being unpacked, air or freeze dried, and assessed for conservation needs."
Artifacts get reboxed (2020-01-31) by Edward ChengMuseum of Chinese in America
"Artifacts that are deemed dry but in wet packaging get re-boxed into dry cardboard and prepared for transport to our recovery area at 215 Centre Street for further treatment."
Volunteers for MOCA Archives Fire Recovery (2020-01-31) by Edward ChengMuseum of Chinese in America
With the completion of the second stage of recovery, MOCA rescues one third of the collection, thanks to all the amazing volunteers!
MOCA recovers from fire (2020-02-01) by CGTN AmericaMuseum of Chinese in America
UEAA Lion Dance at MOCA LNY Family Festival (2020-02-01) by Edward ChengMuseum of Chinese in America
MOCA's social media post of the day on 2/1/2020:
"It’s been a difficult time since the fire that devastated our archives. Yet we know the show must go on and we are continuing with our Lunar New Year Family Festival at 215 Centre Street. It’s especially meaningful to have United East Athletics Association (a fellow tenant at 70 Mulberry) performing the lion dance at MOCA this year. This is their first performance since the fire. Today, we join hands together as we both cope with our loss at 70 Mulberry Street. It speaks to the resilience and grit of the people of Manhattan’s Chinatown, the Chinese American story’s place in history and the story of America."
Statue of Liberty sculpture (2020-02-04) by Edward ChengMuseum of Chinese in America
MOCA's social media posts on 2/4/2020:
"This paper mâché model of the Statue of Liberty is from MOCA's Fly to Freedom collection. This sculpture was salvaged during the second stage of our recovery effort."
Conservator repairs eagle (2020-02-04) by Edward ChengMuseum of Chinese in America
"This paper sculpture of an eagle, which is from our Fly to Freedom collection, is among the most delicate in MOCA’s archives."
Retrieved Paper Eagle Sculpture (2020-02-05) by Edward ChengMuseum of Chinese in America
"These paper sculptures were created by survivors of the Golden Venture, a ship that trafficked 286 undocumented Chinese passengers from Fujian province and ran aground off New York City in 1993."
Window at 70 Mulberry with dripping water (2020-02-07) by Edward ChengMuseum of Chinese in America
MOCA's social media post of the day on 2/7/2020:
"WATER. WEATHER. TIME. These are the biggest forces working against us right now. Two-thirds of our archives is still at 70 Mulberry Street whose roof has mostly caved in and is exposing what's inside to outside elements."
Damaged artifact - U.S. Capitol (2020-02-08) by Edward ChengMuseum of Chinese in America
MOCA's social media post on 2/8/2020:
"Here is a retrieved artifact that wasn't so lucky. This is a sculpture made by Golden Venture survivors that depicts the U.S. Capitol dome but is set within Chinese city walls."
Damaged artifact - "Thank You" tower (2020-02-08) by Edward ChengMuseum of Chinese in America
"This photo is of remnants and pieces from one of the seven-tiered paper “Thank You” towers made by Golden Venture survivors. Strange to think that the men who created these once thought of them as ephemera and never imagined they would last long.
They survived so long, only to end up like this."
MOCA sign - upside down (2020-02-09) by Edward ChengMuseum of Chinese in America
MOCA's social media post on 2/9/2020:
"This framed water-damaged Chinese calligraphy scroll was recovered. It says 'Museum of Chinese in the Americas,' which was the precursor to MOCA before the museum changed its name in 2009. It has been accidentally placed upside-down during the retrieval process."
Only One in the World sign (2020-02-10) by Edward ChengMuseum of Chinese in America
MOCA's social media post on 2/10/2020:
"Here’s a sign we recovered. When it comes to how much we treasure every object and every life story told through our collection, we think that last line says it all: ONLY ONE IN THE WORLD."
Singer sewing machine (2020-02-11) by Edward ChengMuseum of Chinese in America
MOCA's social media post on 2/11/2020:
"This is the Singer sewing machine donated to MOCA’s Collections by Sui Ling Tsang. It belonged to her mother Mok Sim Tsang."
Mok Sim Tsang by Sui Ling TsangMuseum of Chinese in America
"Mok Sim Tsang worked as a seamstress at a garment factory in Manhattan’s Chinatown from 1968 until she passed away in 1977. The lives of garment workers such as Mok Sim speak to the many untold stories that are told through MOCA's collections."
P.S. 23 shelf (2020-02-13) by Edward ChengMuseum of Chinese in America
MOCA's social media post on 2/13/2020:
"This item is from our P.S. 23 collection. It is a drawer containing the records of students back when 70 Mulberry Street was a public school in 1892."
Nancy Yao Maasbach explains how the recovery of priceless art works (2020-02-15) by CGTN AmericaMuseum of Chinese in America
In this televised interview, MOCA President Nancy Yao Maasbach gives an update on the state of the Museum's archives three weeks after the fire and reveals 20% of the collection has been retrieved, less than originally hoped.
Chair being treated for mold (2020-02-16) by Edward ChengMuseum of Chinese in America
MOCA's social media post on 2/16/2020:
"An Alliance for Response NYC volunteer conservator skillfully and carefully treats this antique wooden furniture to fight against mold. The stool is from The Rice Bowl Restaurant in Chinatown.
Mrs. Bing-So Chin, who worked as the cashier at The Rice Bowl, said: 'I raised all my kids sitting on this stool.' "
70 Mulberry One Month On (2020-02-26) by Beichen ZhangMuseum of Chinese in America
MOCA's social media post on 2/24/2020:
"It's now been one month since the fire at 70 Mulberry Street placed our 85,000-item archive in jeopardy.
Behind those windows on the second floor lies the majority of MOCA's collection."
MOCA Fire Factsheet (2020-02-25)Museum of Chinese in America
By this point, more than a month has passed since the fire. With each passing day, artifacts are further exposed to extreme weather in the dead of winter. Fearing that further delay will destroy the remaining archives beyond repair, MOCA makes a carefully deliberated decision to stage a peaceful march and rally to be held on 2/27/2020 to draw more attention to the need for urgent action to recover the MOCA archives and the belongings of other 70 Mulberry Street tenants.
The staff circulate a factsheet to the public under the rallying cry "Save Our Stories, Save Our Heritage, Save Our History, 70 Mulberry."
Rally Sign #1 (2020-02-26) by Jing Tsao and Beichen ZhangMuseum of Chinese in America
Community members and volunteers gathered at MOCA to create and design posters and signs, and think up slogans to embody the rally's message.
70 Mulberry - One Month On (2020-02-26) by Beichen ZhangMuseum of Chinese in America
Within 24 hours of informing the public about the rally, MOCA is notified by the city that it will retrieve the remainder of the collections in the coming week.
MOCA states the following via social media on 2/26/20:
"Given the clear timeline and action plan to retrieve the remaining items at 70 Mulberry, MOCA will replace its march and rally with a recovery sign-up and breakfast gathering at 9:30AM on Thursday, February 27 at 215 Centre Street. The retrieval process is an ongoing one and we are committed to working with the community and gathering your input to ensure DCAS fulfills its commitments.
MOCA is indebted to all of you for your support…and most of all…your stories.
This is not just a victory for MOCA. This is a victory for the entire community, for Chinatown, for every family whose life stories enrich the American narrative. This is a victory because each of you showed the power of what can be achieved when we come together in unity. Thank you. - The MOCA team"
Rally Signs on Wall (2020-02-27) by Jing Tsao and Beichen ZhangMuseum of Chinese in America
On 2/27/2020, signs and posters that originally had been created for the march instead become an impromptu mini-exhibition at MOCA's community gathering held in lieu of the planned march and rally.
Rally Signs (2020-02-27) by Jing Tsao and Beichen ZhangMuseum of Chinese in America
The different rally signs begin to represent a mosaic of people from all walks of life coming together to fight for the timely and proper recovery of the archives.
Nancy Yao Maasbach Speaking at the Community Gathering (2020-02-27) by Beichen ZhangMuseum of Chinese in America
MOCA President Nancy Yao Maasbach addresses assembled volunteers, announcing that NYC DCAS will recover the remaining archives in the coming week.
Speech by Nancy Yao Maasbach at the Community Gathering (2020-02-27) by Beichen ZhangMuseum of Chinese in America
A video of Nancy Yao Maasbach's speech to the crowd.
Herb Tam Speaking at the Community Gathering (2020-02-27) by Beichen ZhangMuseum of Chinese in America
Herb Tam, MOCA's curator, invites various community members in attendance to share their memories and stories of what 70 Mulberry Street means to them and to Chinese life in America.
Ava Chin's Remarks at the Community Gathering (2020-02-27) by Beichen ZhangMuseum of Chinese in America
Ava Chin, an author from Manhattan's Chinatown, shares memories of what MOCA's Collections and 70 Mulberry Street mean to her.
3rd and 4th graders letter (2020-02-13)Museum of Chinese in America
MOCA's social media post of the day on 2/28/2020:
"Gratitude. That's what we're feeling in huge abundance right now. Immense heartfelt gratitude to everyone who has supported our fire recovery effort this past month.
We would like to take this moment and share with you a letter we received in the mail from a school in New Jersey.
To the amazing students of 3rd and 4th Grade R of Stevens Cooperative School, we want to say a HUGE THANK YOU!
Your donation means so much to us and we promise to use every hard-earned dollar wisely to recover, repair and rebuild our archives.
We have pinned your letter to our wall so it has a special place in our office. We will always remember your kindness.
From all of us at MOCA, thank you."
CMA letter (2020-03-02) by Children's Museum of the ArtsMuseum of Chinese in America
MOCA's social media post on 3/2/2020:
"A staff member of Children’s Museum of Art took the time to walk from their location at Hudson Square to personally deliver this letter along with a donation to aid MOCA’s fire recovery."
Chinatown Fire Relief (2020-03-07) by Chinatown Fire ReliefMuseum of Chinese in America
MOCA's social media post of the day on 3/7/2020: "Please support Chinatown Fire Relief and help the 5 non-profit organizations impacted by the fire at 70 Mulberry Street.
We know that a victory for any of us is a victory for all of us."
Dawn at Final Recovery Day (2020-03-08)Museum of Chinese in America
Dawn at 70 Mulberry on Sunday, March 8, 2020. The city is starting the retrieval of the remaining 80% of MOCA's Collections. This will continue all day until dusk. It's a critical day.
First Boxes Today Are Out (2020-03-08) by Edward ChengMuseum of Chinese in America
MOCA's social media posts on 3/8/2020:
FIRST BOXES FROM TODAY ARE OUT!!!!!!
Human Chain of Recovery Crew Rescues Boxes (2020-03-08) by Edward ChengMuseum of Chinese in America
"The crew has a human chain going now to retrieve boxes out of the building down to trucks."
First Time Lights On for Weeks (2020-03-08) by Edward ChengMuseum of Chinese in America
"First time we’ve seen light in our archives room in weeks!"
Window Finally Empty (2020-03-08)Museum of Chinese in America
"For so many weeks, we’ve stared at this window. We could see our archive boxes as they endured water, weather, and the ravages of time day after day. Glad to see that room is empty."
First Truck Loaded and Leaving (2020-03-08) by Edward ChengMuseum of Chinese in America
"First truck is fully loaded with a few hundred boxes from the MOCA Collection and has just left 70 Mulberry, on its way to an offsite facility."
CMTA Opera Costume Retrieved (2020-03-08) by Edward ChengMuseum of Chinese in America
"A costume from MOCA’s Chinese Musical and Theatrical Association (CMTA) collection has been retrieved."
Chinatown Business Sign Recovered (2020-03-08) by Edward ChengMuseum of Chinese in America
"One of the many Chinatown business signs in MOCA’s Collection is retrieved. These signs were salvaged by MOCA and are all that is left of these shuttered family businesses."
Final Day of Recovery Finished (2020-03-08) by Edward ChengMuseum of Chinese in America
Shortly before dusk on 3/8/2020, the recovery work ends.
MOCA's social media team publishes the last of its daily posts about the MOCA Archives Fire Recovery effort and signs off, thanking the hundreds of thousands of supporters who have been following the Museum's updates for the past 45 days.
MOCA's final social media post reads:
"Dear MOCA Friends and Neighbors,
We had a momentous day on Sunday, March 8. With the great leadership of NYC DCAS, including Quintin Haynes, NYC DCAS Executive Deputy Commissioner and his stellar team as well as multiple NYC agencies, the strong advocacy of community leaders, the generous spirit of our 70 Mulberry neighbors, Council Member Margaret Chin and Chief of Staff Gigi Li, MOCA was able to retrieve nearly all of its Collections (minus a few signs and boxes that were severely damaged).
We are calling it the miracle on Mulberry. What a day!"
Mini-exhibition documenting the first weeks of the Museum's archives fire recovery effort (2020-03-11)Museum of Chinese in America
In the six weeks following the fire on that fateful night of Jan. 23, 2020, MOCA ultimately retrieved 95% of the collection. Artifacts were sent to multiple vendors to undergo months-long stabilization and treatment.
MOCA immediately weighed its next steps: assessing total damage and cost; how to fund the years of work that would be required to repair, restore and rebuild the collection; and finding a new permanent home for the archives.
Eager to reflect on the lessons learned from its handling of the crisis, MOCA organized a mini-exhibition about the fire and its effort to save the archives.
However, on March 12, 2020, the day the mini-exhibition was scheduled to open, MOCA was forced to shut down until further notice as the COVID-19 coronavirus flared into a full-blown pandemic around the world.
The content, videos and images from the mini-exhibition have now been adapted and merged into this Google Arts & Culture online exhibit you have just experienced.
MOCA Archives Fire Recovery Donors List (2020-11-17) by Allison HsuMuseum of Chinese in America
To this day, the cause of the 70 Mulberry Street fire is unknown. NYC Mayor Bill DeBlasio has pledged $80m to rebuild the site with input from affected tenants and stakeholders.
The fire and its aftermath tested MOCA in unimaginable ways. But from this trial by fire, MOCA has emerged with an even stronger sense of mission and urgency. And through MOCA, the world has learned that the true value of artifacts lies in the stories of the lives told through them.
Even as MOCA grapples with the pandemic; a spike in racist attacks and xenophobia impacting Chinatowns, AAPIs and Asians; and racial inequality affecting all people of color, the Museum has found the strength to carry on thanks to supporters like you.
The road to rebuilding MOCA’s archives will be long. But hope remains. On 10/17/2020, we opened The MOCA Workshop. While it is a temporary home for our recovered archives, the artifacts it protects will forever inspire us to document the histories, carry the memories, and tell the untold stories in the making of America.
Executive Producer – Edward Cheng
Producer – Allison Hsu
Written by Edward Cheng, Nancy Yao Maasbach and Herb Tam
Photos by Edward Cheng, Nancy Yao Maasbach, Yue Ma, Jing Zhao, and Beichen Zhang
Original video footage by Edward Cheng, Jing Zhao, and Beichen Zhang
News footage and reports by Aundrea Kline-Thomas of CBS 2 News, CeFaan Kim of ABC 7 TV and CGTN
Additional publicly available footage by FDNY Response Videos