The gay press was an extremely important element of building a gay environment. The beginning was marked by an organized militia action against
gays that caused diverse reactions: some people emigrated from Poland and some
tried some other methods of activism.

Excerpt from the article describing the Action Hyacinth (1985) by text: Sławoj KopkaOriginal Source: Polish

Action Hyacinth

The raid against Polish homosexuals called Hyacinth Action (1985-1987) caused a lot of confusion in the gay community. As a result, 11,000 people were registered in so-called "pink files" that have not been found to this day.

Filo zin, no12, front page by Ryszard KisielOriginal Source: Polish

Filo

Action Hyacinth directly contributed to the establishment of the first gay journal in Poland titled "Filo". From 1986 to 1990 it was publshed in form of zine, in the years 1990-2001 as monthly magazine. Since 1997 the magazine has changed its title to "Facet". The initiator and first editor was Ryszard Kisiel from Gdańsk.

Interview with Ryszard Kisiel. 2017 (2017)Original Source: Polish

Here is an extract from an interview with Ryszard Kisiel - the founder of "Filo". Please select language version of the subtitles.

Filo zin, no.1. Front page by Ryszard KisielOriginal Source: Polish

Filo zin, no12, front page by Ryszard KisielOriginal Source: Polish

Filo zin, page 3. by Ryszard KisielOriginal Source: Polish

Information on AIDS was a very important topic in the 80's and 90's. Ryszard Kisiel was also the author of the first known leaflet on HIV / AIDS in Poland.

Leaflet on HIV / AIDS (1985) by Ryszard KisielOriginal Source: Polish

an extract of the first Polish leaflet on HIV/AIDS by Ryszard Kisiel

Telegram informing about registration of the first Polish LGBT Association (1990) by Ryszard KisielOriginal Source: Polish

Registration of the first Polish LGBT Association

After the fall of communism in Poland (1989), the gay and lesbian community was so active that it was decided to legalize the first organization. Telegram to Ryszard Kisiel from the activist of the Wrocław Stage about the registration of the Association of Lambda Groups on February 20, 1990, the first official organization working for gays and lesbians in Poland.

Filo. Front page (1990) by FiloOriginal Source: Polish

From 1990 to 1997 "Filo" was available as a monthly in official distribution.

Filo. Front page (1991) by FiloOriginal Source: Polish

Filo 05.1993. Front page (1986)Original Source: Polish

Filo. Front page (1995) by FiloOriginal Source: Polish

Filo 10.1996. Front page (1996)Original Source: Polish

Several issues of "Filo" have been published with the addition of Gay and Lesbian magazine with clear information that the magazine is also addressed to lesbians.

Filo. Front page (1999) by FiloOriginal Source: Polish

In 1997 the name "Filo" was changed to "Facet". In 2001 "Facet" was stopped being published.

Interview with Ryszard Kisiel, A.Wiciak, 2017, Original Source: Polish
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The end of an era. A picket area in Gdańsk, which was a place of gay trysts for almost 100 years. It will be destroyed soon. Today, Ryszard Kisiel can still show where gays were meeting in Gdansk during his youth.

Credits: Story

Historical Club LGBTQIA and Fem of Fundation Q

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The story featured may in some cases have been created by an independent third party and may not always represent the views of the institutions, listed below, who have supplied the content.
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