Treasures of Azerbaijan: Through the Wave of History

By Heydar Aliyev Center

This exhibition hall demonstrates the cultural heritage and history of Azerbaijan.One of the most important features of the exhibition is that it describes all the periods of the history of Azerbaijan and displays items related to different areas of Azerbaijani culture. For instance, you can see unique samples of ancient crafts, in particular the Azerbaijani carpet weaving school.

Azykh CaveHeydar Aliyev Center

During the archaeological research at the Azykh Cave, the jaw bone of an ancient human(Azykhantrop) related to the Ashel Period, who had lived in these areas some 350-400 thousand years ago, was found, and as result of this find, Azerbaijan’s territory was introduced on the map of “the most ancient inhabitants of Europe”.

Photo of Azykh caveHeydar Aliyev Center

Black and white photo of Azykh cave which is located in Khojavand, Fizuli, Azerbaijan.

Medium: Length - 1. 29cm/Width - 92 cm

Stone (III-II Millennium B.C.)Heydar Aliyev Center

A stone with images of the sun and stars.
Images carved on the stone, Sandstone.
Medium: 49cm x 37cm x 15 cm, 19.5 kg.
III-II Millennia B.C.

Treasures of AzerbaijanHeydar Aliyev Center

Exhibition Treasures of Azerbaijan which consists of 6 parts, displayed interesting exhibits, which reflects ancient history and cultural heritage of Azerbaijan.

Jar pottery (Early XI century)Heydar Aliyev Center

Large jar made of red clay with one handle.
Medium: Height – 32,5 cm, Width – 34 cm. Pottery.
Early XI century

VaseHeydar Aliyev Center

Ceramic vase decorated with the images of humans and the floral ornaments.
Medium: Height: 36 cm, Width: 22 cm.
Glazed ceramics. XVIII century

Pillow case (1920)Heydar Aliyev Center

“Takalduz” is handmade embroidery in Azerbaijan using silk threads on black, red, purple velvet or thin wool broadcloth.
Sheki, Azerbaijan

Black velvet pillowcase embroidered with coloured silk threads.
Medium: Length - 47 cm, Width - 44 cm. Fabric.
Sheki, Azerbaijan

BeltsHeydar Aliyev Center

The belts were an integral part of the women and men clothing. Research’s shows that by looking at belts anyone could tell position, wealth and age of its owner.

Women’s belt (XIX century)Heydar Aliyev Center

Gilt women's belt with a big buckle, decorated with gemstones.

Medium: 78cm x 11 cm.
Silver, turquoise, gilt, gemstones.
XIX century
Zagatala, Azerbaijan

CoppersHeydar Aliyev Center

Remnants of a metal item discovered on Eneolithic monuments show that one of the metals mastered by Azerbaijan's ancient population was copper.

BrazierHeydar Aliyev Center

The brazier from bronze with 4 handles and 8 legs. Was used for cooking and heating the room.
Medium: Height: 30 сm, Weight: 15.3 kg, Diameter: 57 сm, Bronze.
XIX century

Bowl for sherbet (XIX century)Heydar Aliyev Center

High bowl with wide neck, made of copper and decorated with floral and zoomorphic ornaments. Designed for use at celebrations.

Medium: Height - 66 cm, Diameter - 39 cm.
XIX century

Model of toleranceHeydar Aliyev Center

High humanism peculiar to our people, a national and religious tolerance environment dominating in our society, mutual respect and trust between ethnic minorities have made Azerbaijan known in the world as an example of tolerance.

IconHeydar Aliyev Center

Cast gilded icon. The icon consists of four parts, and each one is divided into five parts. All parts of icon have symbolic and allegorical images.
Medium: 38.5 x 16.5 cm. Metal, gilt.
Early XIX century

Music instrumentsHeydar Aliyev Center

In Azerbaijan oldest music instruments were made from clay and animal bones.

KamanchaHeydar Aliyev Center

Kamancha is a stringed musical instrument, with a body carved from mulberry tree, a thin membrane of stretched fish-skin covering the top and decorated with nacre. Fiddlestick is made of horsehair.
Medium: Length - 74 сm/Width - 21 сm.

TarHeydar Aliyev Center

Tar is a plucked stringed musical instrument, with a body carved from mulberry tree, a thin membrane of stretched fish-skin covering the top, decorated with nacre. Length - 90 cm, Width - 20 cm. In 2012, the art of Azerbaijani craftsmanship and performance art of tar was entered on the Representative List of the Intangible Cultural Heritage of UNESCO.

QavalHeydar Aliyev Center

Qaval is percussion instrument. The shape of Qaval is round and usually made of walnut tree and the membrane is skin of sturgeon. On the inner part of the frame there are 60 to 70 small round copper rings.
Diameter - 40 сm/ Width - 6 сm

National costumesHeydar Aliyev Center

A series of fabric pieces found during archaeological excavations carried out in the territory of Azerbaijan shows that back in the period before Christ there were high dressing culture.

Arkhalyg (XIX century)Heydar Aliyev Center

Women's outerwear (arkhalyg) was made of purple velvet, silk lining and decorated with white beads. Medium: Width – 115cm, Length – 87cm. Fabric. Nakhchivan, Azerbaijan
XIX century

CarpetsHeydar Aliyev Center

The Azerbaijani carpet-weaving school is devided into eight schools

Carpet (1850)Heydar Aliyev Center

Wool carpet with predominance of blue colour, with floral and geometric motifs.
Medium: 213cm x 142 cm.
Piled carpet.
Garabagh group, Azerbaijan

Credits: Story

Mahabbat Mehdiyeva
The Director of Museum Department, Heydar Aliyev Center

Credits: All media
The story featured may in some cases have been created by an independent third party and may not always represent the views of the institutions, listed below, who have supplied the content.
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