Museo della Carta di Toscolano Maderno

The Paper Museum in Toscolano Maderno: a fascinating production site that has been converted into an exhibition venue and museum.

By Associazione culturale GardaMusei

Il Museo della Carta by GardaMuseiAssociazione culturale GardaMusei

The paper museum is a multi-purpose centre dedicated to the world of paper production: machinery, production processes, papers, but also the history of local settlements and lifestyles. The project got off the ground with the first core - Men, machines, landscapes - founded in September 2002 thanks to the dynamism of the Municipal administration of Toscolano Maderno and enthusiasm of the Toscolano Paper mill Pensioners Group. The company's precise aim was to relaunch an important cultural heritage.

La vallata delle cartiere by GardaMuseiAssociazione culturale GardaMusei

Valle delle Cartiere by GardaMuseiAssociazione culturale GardaMusei

Scorci del museo by GardaMuseiAssociazione culturale GardaMusei

Sala interna con le strumentazioni da lavoro by GardaMuseiAssociazione culturale GardaMusei

After starting from the Maina Inferiore plant's little porters lodge, the museum was then expanded, thanks to funds from the Lombardy Regional Authority, by incorporating the adjacent old production building. This means that a series of activities connected with the world of paper can now be hosted, among which a small production centre that shows past methods used in the valley and workshops where binding and restoration of old books take place.

Antico libro della cartiera by GardaMuseiAssociazione culturale GardaMusei

Scene di lavoro by GardaMuseiAssociazione culturale GardaMusei

The paper production

Brandelli di stoffa appesi by GardaMuseiAssociazione culturale GardaMusei

Visitors can discover where the rags were accumulated in large tubs of maceration and left to overburden in water and lime for several days; subsequently they were passed into hydraulically operated hammers which reduced them to a thin pulp, called "pisto", with which the paper was actually made.

Brandelli di stoffa by GardaMuseiAssociazione culturale GardaMusei

Dettaglio by GardaMuseiAssociazione culturale GardaMusei

Il telaio by GardaMuseiAssociazione culturale GardaMusei

This was placed inside a large circular wooden container with a base of stone, called "tina", inside which the master cardio dipped a loom, the sieve, which collected the fine pulp and gave it the desired shape corresponding to the future sheet of paper.

La lavorazione della carta by GardaMuseiAssociazione culturale GardaMusei

Interno del museo by GardaMuseiAssociazione culturale GardaMusei

From the frame the sheet was placed on felt cloths to form a pile that was placed under a press to be pressed and deprived of abundant excess water.

Carta fatta a mano by GardaMuseiAssociazione culturale GardaMusei

La pressa by GardaMuseiAssociazione culturale GardaMusei

L'asciugatura della carta by GardaMuseiAssociazione culturale GardaMusei

Then the sheets were hung in a well-ventilated room, a drying rack called "tendador", and left to dry.

Stenditoio della carta by GardaMuseiAssociazione culturale GardaMusei

Argano per il sollevamento della carta fino allo stenditoio, GardaMusei, From the collection of: Associazione culturale GardaMusei
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Stenditoio per fogli di carta by GardaMuseiAssociazione culturale GardaMusei

Maglio per la lisciatura della carta by GardaMuseiAssociazione culturale GardaMusei

Smoothing was carried out using stones or special wooden tools that smoothed the surface.

Fogli fatti a mano distesi su tavolo by GardaMuseiAssociazione culturale GardaMusei

Utensili da lavoro by GardaMuseiAssociazione culturale GardaMusei

Laboratorio di lavorazione della carta, GardaMusei, From the collection of: Associazione culturale GardaMusei
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A series of activities connected with the world of paper can now be hosted, among which a small production centre that shows past methods used in the valley and workshops where binding and restoration of old books take place.

Modello in scala della cartiera operante, GardaMusei, From the collection of: Associazione culturale GardaMusei
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A scale model allows the visitor of the museum to see the production cycle of the paper as a whole, understanding the phases and successions of works.

Torchio by GardaMuseiAssociazione culturale GardaMusei

The press and the ingot mould 

Dettaglio dell'antico strumento da lavoro by GardaMuseiAssociazione culturale GardaMusei

Antico strumento da lavoro, GardaMusei, From the collection of: Associazione culturale GardaMusei
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Matrici di stampa by GardaMuseiAssociazione culturale GardaMusei

Archivio matrici by GardaMuseiAssociazione culturale GardaMusei

utensili by GardaMuseiAssociazione culturale GardaMusei

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The story featured may in some cases have been created by an independent third party and may not always represent the views of the institutions, listed below, who have supplied the content.
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