Introducing Ancient Corinth
A port city located at the narrow neck that joins the Peloponnese to mainland Greece, Ancient Corinth controlled important trade routes. Ancient Corinth was actually inhabited since the Neolithic period, from the 7th Millennium BCE onward. The city grew significantly in the Archaic period, during which the Temple of Apollo was established. It eventually became one of the largest cities in classical times, and continued to be inhabited through the Roman and Byzantine periods. The ruins today show numerous Greek, Roman, and Byzantine architectural features. At the heart of Ancient Corinth was the Fountain of Peirene, a mythical freshwater spring which was the primary water source for the city. Located nearby on a high terrace, the Temple of Apollo loomed over the city view with its monolithic columns standing tall against time.