The exhibit represents sketches of stage decorations, graphic compositions, Persian miniatures, French and German engravings, color lithographs and other precious exhibits preserved in the Art Palace of Georgia.

Around 10,000 exhibits of over 300 Georgian and roreign artists reveal to us the evolution of Georgian scenic design. The museum's depository of Fine Arts contains portraits of theatre actors and directors, sketches of stage decorations and costumes, graphic compositions, Persian miniatures, French and German engravings, and color lithographs.
The late 19th century painting 'The Bazaar in Samarkand' belongs to one of the earliest Georgian representatives of the Realist School - Gigo Gabashvili, who was a prominent Georgian painter and educator. His work is known for covering a wide range of subjects, landscapes and scenes of everyday life through an orientalist lens. Gabashvili was educated at the Imperial Academy of Arts (1886–1888) and the Munich Academy of Fine Arts (1894–1897).

Returning to his homeland, he made a debut as the first artist to have been honored with a personal exhibition in Tbilisi. Gabashvili was one of the founding professors of the Tbilisi State Academy of Arts (1922) and was granted the title of the People's Artist of the Georgian SSR (1929).

He remained a staunch realist and made known his opposition to left-wing art.

The author of the presented sketch is an indivisible part of the Georgian theatre and Movie Art who greatly contributed to the development of the Georgian National Cinematography and stage decoration. Joseb Sumbatashvili spent almost his entire life abroad, though, he was an active Georgian painter until the very end of his days.  

“Each drawing by Joseb Sumbatashvili is unique. We can compare it with the reincarnation of a great actor who can be a tragedian one day and a comedian the next”. – theatre historian O. Eisenstadt

An outstanding painter, graphic artist, theatre painter and book designer, one of the important representatives of the first generation of Tbilisi Academy of Arts graduates who developed a new style of Georgian art. Fascinated with the Italian art of the Renaissance period Kobuladze worked at the Z.Paliashvili Tbilisi Opera and Ballet Theatre, Rustaveli Theatre, Marjanishvili Theatre and collaborated with the Moscow Theatre. In the 1950s his works were sent to the Venice and London exhibitions. He painted the curtain of Georgian Opera and Ballet Theatre, later destroyed in a fire.

Kobuladze's teachers were E. Lanceray and I. Charlemagne.

Over the years Sergo Kobuladze began to analyze the principles of construction of ancient and Georgian architectural monuments, he led a graphic studio on in the Tbilisi Academy of Arts.

A prominent Georgian theater painter Ivane Askurava worked at the Georgian National Opera and Ballet Theater of Tbilisi as a chief production designer for more than 50 years. During his fruitful work, the artist worked on more than two hundred operas and ballets, movies and TV programs and managed to create a rich legacy of depictions.

It is noteable that the artist also created designs for various national costumes.

Georgian avant-garde painter, graphic artist and scenic designer David Kakabadze, also was an art scholar and innovator in the field of cinematography as well as an amateur photographer. In 1916, he graduated from natural sciences at the St. Petersburg University. From 1919 to 1927, he lived in Paris where he published several books and partook in the “Société des Artistes Indépendants” exhibitions. He paid generous tribute to cubism. The artist lectured on various aspects of visual arts in Paris and developing his interest in kinetic form, in 1923 he constructed a film camera that produced an illusion of depth and thus became one of the pioneers of three-dimensional cinema.

The artist lectured on various aspects of visual arts in Paris and developing his interest in kinetic form, in 1923 he constructed a film camera that produced an illusion of depth and thus became one of the pioneers of three-dimensional cinema.

Sketch for the play 'Three Conceits' belongs to one of the significant representatives of the Georgian modernist art, painter, graphic artistand book illustrator - Elene Akhvlediani. In 1922, the artist studied painting in Italy. In 1924, she settled in Paris and participated in various exhibitions in France, United States, and Holland. 

Her paintings are preserved in the State Museums of Georgia, Russia, France as well as in private collections.

For Georgian State Museum of Theater, Music, Cinema and Choreography, Kirill Zdanevich’s works are special as the Polish originated painter is considered to be one of the founders of Georgia-Russian Cubism-Futurism in Georgia. The presented sketch was created for Georgian prominent writer Grigol Robakidze’s play “Malshtrem”. Which expresses painter’s passion to discover and master different ways of working process. His spheres of interest in Art were Academicism, Futurism, Cezannism, Impressionism, Primitivism.

The decoration sketch for the play 'The Masses Man" was created by Georgian cinema and theatre painter Irakli Gamrekeli. From 1921, collaborating with two great producers-reformers of Georgian theatre, K. Marjanishvili and S. Akhmeteli. Gamrekeli actively participated in the artistic life of Tbilisi and was fascinated with avant-garde tendencies.

Gamrekeli illustrated a Georgian futurist writers’ journal 'H2 SO4'. The artist's works significantly determined the main artistic tendencies of one of the leading Georgian theatre Rustaveli.

In different years, he collaborated with Moscow, Leningrad, Kiev and Baku Theatres.

The painter of the dinamic scene of Georgian improvised masquerade folk theatre is Lado Gudiashvili (1896-1980) – one of the important representatives of the 20th-century Georgian Art. He was a graphic artist, theatre and movie painter, illustrator who lived and studied in Paris. Gudiashvili participated in exhibitions including the Salon d’Automne and Les Independants. His works were exhibited in Belgium, United States, Madrid, Paris, etc. 

Gudiashvili was a friend of A. Modigliani, H. Matisse, F. Leger and others.

In 1946, he painted the walls of the Georgian church in capital city -Tbilisi, which entailed his exclusion from the Communist Party and dismissal from the Tbilisi Academy of Arts.

Gudiashvili created his own rich world of artistic images.

The depiction reveals a scene of ancient Georgian theatre performance - 'Khanate'. The whole play needed a lot of preparation. It included several ceremonies.

Dressing of the Khan, the raiding of towns, a court, a fight between a king and a khan and the throwing of the defeated Khan into the river. The latter act is reflected in this picture by Lado Gudiashvili.

The khan's clothing is quite strange, with some wearing the full-dress coat of a drunken captain. The Khan painted by Gudiashvili wears such a costume. The wooden sword is also a notable point and on the top of it, there should have been an apple, which was a very important detail in the show.

In this picture, the King is sitting on a camel, holding a sword and giving the order to throw the defeated Khan into the river Kura.

Simon (Soliko) Virsaladze (1909-1989) was a Georgian and one of the Soviet Union's leading designers of ballet, film and opera. Although he went on to design for plays, operas, and films it is as a ballet designer that he made his name. He was chief designer for the Z. Paliashvili Theatre for Opera and Ballet in Tbilisi and also, chief designer of the Bolshoi Ballet in Moscow from 1964 until his death. 
Dimitri Takaishvili was a prominent Georgian film designer. With a distinguished style of painting he designed more than twenty factual movies. The following two sketches were created for the movie ‘Sea Toilers’ shot according the Victor Hugo’s novel ‘Les Travailleurs de la Mer’.
The next two portraits of prominent Georgian director Kote Marjanishvili and famous Georgian actor Sergo Zakariadze belong to Ketevan Magalashvili (1894-19730) - a famous Georgian painter and portraitist who studied in Moscow during 1914-1917 and in Paris from 1923 in the Academy of Kolaros. Among different valuable works by Ketevan Magalashvili, the two portraits are especially valuable.
Rector of the Tbilisi State Academy of Arts from 1942 to 1948, Ucha Japaridze was one of the most important figures in the development of 20th-century Georgian visual arts. He enjoyed creating detailed portraits and is responsible for producing a series of portraits of prominent persons and public figures
Shakespeare’s tragedies have been actively played on many a Georgian stage. The love of Shakespeare is also reflected in Georgian Art. Georgian founder of realism, Alexander Beridze (1858-1917), “was so fascinated with Mari Sapharova as the character Ophelia that he by rote colorfully painted her picture in the role."

This canvas, created in 1883, can be considered as the first illustration of Shakespeare's work in Georgia. At the same time, artist and actor Vasily Balanchivadze (1870-1950) created William Shakespeare's first Georgian portrait with a 19th century engraving and with his own interpretations. The work is distinguished for its exceptional originality, look and colour palette.

Shakespeare’s works ‘Othello’ and ‘Romeo and Juliet’ were redesigned by famous Georgian theatre painter Soliko Virsaladze (1908-1989) who tried to depict not the era in the documentary, but to transfer the reflected character of Shakespeare’s tragedies through the costumes and sketches.

The sketch was drawn for the play ‘As you Like It’ by the contemporary artist Medea Bakradze.

Besides great Georgian artists, Art Palace also preserves works of Russian, Armenian, Azeri, and other important foreign creators.
The original painting dated by late 18th century, is created in papier-mâché and oil in the territory of Iran. Just like in Jewish and Christian traditions, Islam promotes the ancient king Solomon as a model ruler, wise and just. This painting celebrates one element of the considerable lore about Solomon that developed outside of Orthodox scriptural accounts: the belief that Solomon’s influence was so great that he was able to rule the kingdoms of animals and angels. Images of Solomon’s court populated by all manner of creatures, celestial beings, and even demons, were very popular in the court of the Ottoman rulers of Turkey.
Within the Russian artists, in the Art Palace, there are representatives of the Russian Silver Age (founded in the early 20th century in St. Petersburg): Konstantin Korovin, Lev Bakst, Alexander Benua, Alexander Golovin, and Viktor Simov.
Credits: Story

Georgian State Museum of Theatre, Music, Cinema and Choreography - Art Palace

George Kalandia
Irakli Zambakhidze
Mary Kharaishvili
Anna Bakuridze
Irina Moistsrapishvili

Credits: All media
The story featured may in some cases have been created by an independent third party and may not always represent the views of the institutions, listed below, who have supplied the content.
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