Monuments to the Executed of Destroyed Villages

Municipal Museum of the Kalavritan Holocaust

Families and local communities after the Second World War constructed monuments  to all the destroyed villages in order to preserve the memory of the executed civilians.

Operation "Kalavryta" was organized by the 117th Jager Division on December 1943 (December 5,1943 until December 14,1943). The result was the destruction of two monasteries (Monastery of Megalo Spilaio and Monastery of Agia Lavra), most of villages around Kalavryta city and the Kalavryta itself, moreover 696 Greek civilians (men and boys over the age of 12) were executed. Monuments to the Executed were created after the World War II to all the destroyed villages in the province of Kalavryta, in order to preserve the memory of the executed civilians.

Monument to the Executed of Zachlorou village. Zachlorou was destroyed on December 8, 1943 during the Operation "Kalavryta" by German occupation forces. Seventeen (17) men were executed and six (6) men survived the execution.

Monument to the Executed of Rogoi village, which was destroyed on December 8, 1943 during the Operation "Kalavryta" by German occupation forces. Sixty six (66) men and boys were executed and five (5) survived from the massacre.

Monument to the Executed of Kerpini village. The village was destroyed on December 8, 1943, during the Operation "Kalavryta" by German occupation forces. Thirty-nine (39) men and boys were executed and three (3) survived the execution.

Monument to the Executed of Mega Spilaio Monastery which was destroyed on December 8, 1943, during the Operation "Kalavryta" by German occupation forces. Twenty-five (25) monks and civilians were executed.

Monument to the Executed of Kerpini station. Near the village Kerpini exists until today a railway station. During the Operation "Kalavryta" on December 9, 1943 the German occupation forces executed four (4) men.

Monument to the Executed of Souvardo - Vrachni villages. During the Operation "Kalavryta" both villages were destroyed by German occupation forces. Ten (10) men were executed on December 9, 1943.

Monument to the Executed of Priolithos village. During the Operation "Kalavryta", Priolithos village was destroyed by German occupation forces. Five (5) men were executed on December 10, 1943.

Monument to the Executed of Kalavryta. The city of Kalavryta destroyed during the Operation "Kalavryta" by German occupation forces.
On December 13, 1943 four hundred sixty five (465) men and boys were executed and thirteen (13) men survived the execution.

Monument to the Executed of Skepasto village. During the Operation "Kalavryta" Skepasto village was destroyed by German occupation forces. Three men (3) were executed on December 13, 1943.

The monastery of Agia Laura was destroyed during the Operation "Kalavryta" by German occupation forces on December 14, 1943. At the entrance of the monastery,five (5) monks were executed.

Monument to the Executed of Kleitoria village. Kleitoria was the last village which was destroyed during the Operation "Kalavryta" by German occupation forces on December 14, 1943. Fifteen (15) men were executed and one (1) survived the execution.

Credits: Story

This exhibit was created by the Municipal Museum of Kalavritan Holocaust.
For more information visit: www.dmko.gr

Credits: All media
The story featured may in some cases have been created by an independent third party and may not always represent the views of the institutions, listed below, who have supplied the content.
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