Historic City of Ayutthaya
Founded in 1350 CE, Ayutthaya was the Siamese capital until the 18th century. Surpassing the old capital of Sukhothai, King Ramathibodi declared Ayutthaya the new capital. Ayutthaya was named after a magical kingdom from the Ramakien, Thailand's national epic. In 1767, the city was attacked and burned to the ground by the Burmese army. As all the wooden structures were lost, the only remaining buildings in Ayutthaya are built of stone. Following its destruction, the capital was moved to Bangkok where an effort was made to recreate the urban template and architecture of Ayutthaya.