Niagara-on-the-Lake’s first inhabitants were the Indigenous peoples known as the Attawandaron or Neutral Nation.
William Claus, Deputy Superintendent of the Six Nations Indian Department, owned and used this dispatch case. He conducted business for the Crown, liaising directly with First Nations communities.
An example of routine negotiations Claus did. The indenture, dated August 3, 1826, is about the First Nations land in Haldimand County.
A session of the Six Nations Council at the Council House in Ohsweken, ca. 1900
The 37th Regiment Band, known as the Haldimand Rifles, was made up entirely of Native Canadians. Niagara Camp, 1908.