The Fondazione Guido ed Ettore De Fornaris was established in Turin in 1982, under the will of Ettore De Fornaris, a lawyer and patron of the arts. It has since been active in the art world with multiple initiatives aimed to foster the Founder's objectives, which were to contribute to the "artistic education of the community". Hence, the Fondazione acquires works by 19th and 20th century and contemporary artists. It organises exhibitions of its collections and internationally relevant lecture series and also publishes catalogues, reports and research papers. Among the Italian art foundations, the Fondazione De Fornaris is an instance of one of the few institutions that work in close association with museums like the GAM - Galleria Civica d'Arte Moderna e Contemporanea di Torino, for the specific purpose of expanding its collections. While open to the rest of the world, the Foundation maintains strong ties to its city, to which it has dedicated two public art exhibits, which marked significant events: "Punti di vista" (Points of View) is installed outside the Olympic Stadium and was commissioned from Tony Cragg, following a competition by invitation, intended to mark the 2006 Winter Olympics. In 2011, the 150th anniversary of the unification of Italy was marked by a work by Giuseppe Penone: "In limine", which has become the new entrance portal to the GAM.