A look at the birds in the Cerrado savanna—Part 2

In this exhibition, you'll learn about more bird families that live in the Cerrado savanna and listen to their birdsong. Put your headphones on and continue your journey of discovery!

By Museu do Cerrado

Nectarivorous Birds

Nectarivorous or nectar-eating birds have very long, thin, tube-shaped beaks. Some species take this adaptation to the extreme and have extremely long beaks that give them access to flowers that other species do not have. The hummingbird's long, sharp beak is able to reach and suck up the nectar—its main food source—from within the deepest flowers. It uses its tongue, which is longer than its beak, to help pump the liquid into its throat.

Beija-flor-de-banda-branca (Amazilia versicolor) (2017) by Álvaro César de AraújoMuseu do Cerrado

Vocalização do Beija-flor-de-banda-branca (Amazilia versicolor)
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Trochilidae Family

 Versicolored emerald  (3.25 inches (8.5 cm)), Amazilia versicolor, pollinating the emblematic flower of the Cerrado savanna, the Calliandra dysantha.

Beija-flor-de-garganta-verde (Amazilia fimbriata) (2017) by Álvaro César de AraújoMuseu do Cerrado

Vocalização do Beija-flor-de-garganta-verde (Amazilia fimbriata)
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Glittering-throated emerald  (3.5–4.5 inches (9–11.5 cm)), Amazilia fimbriata, pollinating the coral plant Russelia equisetiformis.

Beija-flor-de-peito-azul (Amazilia lactea) (2017) by Álvaro César de AraújoMuseu do Cerrado

Vocalização do Beija-flor-de-peito-azul (Amazilia lactea)
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Sapphire-spangled emerald (3–4.25 inches (8–11 cm)), Amazilia lactea, pollinating the mulungu flower Erythrina mulungu.

Beija-flor-de-veste-preta (Anthracothorax nigricollis) (2017) by Álvaro César de AraújoMuseu do Cerrado

Vocalização do Beija-flor-de-veste-preta (Anthracothorax nigricollis)
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Black-throated mango (4.5 inches (11.5 cm)), Anthracothorax nigricollis, female, on the orange flame vine flower Combretum fruticosum.

Beija-flor-tesoura (Eupetomena macroura) (2017) by Álvaro César de AraújoMuseu do Cerrado

Vocalização do Beija-flor-tesoura (Eupetomena macroura)
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Swallow-tailed hummingbird (6–7.5 inches (15–19 cm)), Eupetomena macroura, collecting nectar from the banana plant flower Musa sp.

Omnivorous birds

Omnivorous birdseat anything and so they need multi-functional beaks. Normally long and straight, their beaks work like tweezers, enabling the birds to catch earthworms, small snakes, lizards, insects, and other birds' eggs. They are also used to pierce and eat ripe fruits.

Xexéu (Cacicus cela) (2017) by Álvaro César de AraújoMuseu do Cerrado

Vocalização do Xexéu (Cacicus cela)
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Icteridae Family

 Yellow-rumped cacique  (10.5–11.5 inches (27–29.5 cm)), Cacicus cela, building its nest with palm leaf fibers.

Coró-coró (Mesembrinibis cayennensis) (2017) by Álvaro César de AraújoMuseu do Cerrado

Vocalização do Coró-coró (Mesembrinibis cayennensis)
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Threskiornithidae Family

Green ibis  (22.75 inches (58 cm)), Mesembrinibis cayennensis, a bird with crepuscular habits and a good indicator of water. Found on the banks of lakes, rivers, and streams.

Curicaca (Theristicus caudatus) (2017) by Álvaro César de AraújoMuseu do Cerrado

Vocalização do Curicaca (Theristicus caudatus)
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Buff-necked ibis  (27.5 inches (70 cm)), Theristicus caudatus

Asa-branca (Dendrocygna autumnalis) (2017) by Álvaro César de AraújoMuseu do Cerrado

Vocalização da Asa-branca (Dendrocygna autumnalis)
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Black-bellied whistling duck (19 inches (48 cm)), Dendrocygna autumnalis

Pé-vermelho (Amazonetta brasiliensis) (2017) by Álvaro César de AraújoMuseu do Cerrado

Vocalização do Pé-vermelho (Amazonetta brasiliensis)
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Brazilian teal  (15.75 inches (40 cm)), Amazonetta brasiliensis, is the most common duck in much of Brazil.

Sanã-parda (Laterallus melanophaius) (2017) by Álvaro César de AraújoMuseu do Cerrado

Vocalização da Sanã-Parda (Laterallus melanophaius)
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Rufous-sided crake 6.75 inches (17 cm)), Laterallus melanophaius

Seriema (Cariama cristata) (2017) by Álvaro César de AraújoMuseu do Cerrado

Vocalização da Seriema Seriema (Cariama cristata)
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Cariamidae Family

Red-legged seriema  (35.5 inches (90 cm)), Cariama cristata, major predator of snakes. Its song is considered the voice of the Cerrado savanna, and it makes the sound by throwing its head back.

Ema (Rhea americana) (2017) by Álvaro César de AraújoMuseu do Cerrado

Vocalização da Ema (Rhea americana)
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Rheidae Family

Greater rhea, Rhea americana, male caring for fledglings. The female merely lays the eggs and leaves her mate to brood and rear the fledglings.

Alma-de-gato (Piaya cayana) (2016) by Álvaro César de AraújoMuseu do Cerrado

Vocalização da Alma-de-Gato (Piaya cayana)
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Cuculidae Family

Squirrel cuckoo  (15.75–19 inches (40–48 cm)), Piaya cayana

Anu-branco (Guira guira) (2017) by Álvaro César de AraújoMuseu do Cerrado

Vocalização do Anu-Branco (Guira guira)
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Guira cuckoo  (15 inches (38 cm)), Guira guira

Anu-preto (Crotophaga ani) (2017) by Álvaro César de AraújoMuseu do Cerrado

Vocalização do Anu-preto (Crotophaga ani)
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Smoothed-bill ani  (14.25 inches (36 cm)), Crotophaga ani

Jaó (Crypturellus undulatus) (2017) by Álvaro César de AraújoMuseu do Cerrado

Vocalização do Jaó (Crypturellus undulatus)
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Tinamidae Family

Undulated tinamou  (11–12.5 inches (28–32 cm)), Crypturellus undulatus, its melancholic chirping, heard in the early morning and between mid afternoon and dusk, sounds as if it is saying eu sou jaó (Portuguese for I'm a tinamou) … 

Insectivorous birds

The beaks of insectivorous or insect-eating birds are typically long and thin. There are some variations within this category, such as woodpeckers (order Piciformes). They have a very strong, thin beak that looks like a chisel. They use this to cut into tree bark to look for the insects living inside. These birds also have a skull that is fully adapted to absorbing hard blows.

Pica-pau-de-banda-branca (Dryocopus lineatus) (2017) by Álvaro César de AraújoMuseu do Cerrado

Vocalização do Pica-Pau-de-Banda-Branca
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Picidae Family

Lineated woodpecker (11.75–14.25 inches (30–36 cm)), Dryocopus lineatus

Pica-pau-de-cabeça-amarela (Celeus flavescens) (2017) by Álvaro César de AraújoMuseu do Cerrado

Vocalização do Pica-pau-de-Cabeça-Amarela (Celeus flavescens)
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Blond-crested woodpecker (9.75–11.75 inches (25–30 cm)), Celeus flavescens

Pica-pau-de-topete-vermelho (Campephilus melanoleucos) (2017) by Álvaro César de AraújoMuseu do Cerrado

Vocalização do Pica-Pau-de-Topete-Vermelho (Campephilus melanoleucos)
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 Crimson-crested woodpecker  (13–15 inches (33–38 cm)), Campephilus melanoleucos, getting ready to peck.

Andorinhão-do-buriti (Tachornis squamata) (2017) by Álvaro César de AraújoMuseu do Cerrado

Vocalização do Andorinhão-do-buriti (Tachornis squamata)
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Fork-tailed palm swift  (4.5 inches (11.5 cm)), Tachornis squamata, on a dry leaf of a buriti palm, where it is building its bag-like nest from feathers, spittle, and plant material.

Fim-fim (Euphonia chlorotica).JPG (2017) by Álvaro César de AraújoMuseu do Cerrado

Vocalização do Fim-fim (Euphonia chlorotica)
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Fringillidae Family

 Purple-throated euphonia  (3.75 inches (9.5 cm)), Euphonia chlorotica, feeding on the atemoya fruit Annona × atemoya.

João-de-pau (Phacellodomus rufifrons) (2017) by Álvaro César de AraújoMuseu do Cerrado

Vocalização do João-de-Pau (Phacellodomus rufifrons)
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Furnariidae Family

Rufous-fronted thornbird  (6.25 inches (16 cm)), Phacellodomus rufifrons, on top of its enormous nest of twigs.

Ferreirinho-relógio (Todirostrum cinereum) (2017) by Álvaro César de AraújoMuseu do Cerrado

Vocalização do Ferreirinho-Relógio (Todirostrum cinereum)
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Rhynchocyclidae Family

Common tody-flycatcher  (3.5 inches (9 cm)), Todirostrum cinereum, mating pair building their nest with leaf litter, small dry twigs, and silk cotton floss.

Arapaçu-de-cerrado (Lepidocolaptes angustirostris) (2017) by Álvaro César de AraújoMuseu do Cerrado

Vocalização do Arapaçu-de-cerrado (Lepidocolaptes angustirostris)
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Dendrocolaptidae Family

Narrow-billed woodpecker (7–8.50 inches (18–22 cm)), Lepidocolaptes angustirostris

Bacurau (Nyctidromus albicollis) (2017) by Álvaro César de AraújoMuseu do Cerrado

Vocalização do Bacurau (Hydropsalis albicollis)
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Caprimulgidae Family

Pauraque (11.75 inches (30 cm)), Nyctidromus albicollis, camouflaged by dry leaves during its daytime rest.

Surucuá-variado (Trogon surrucura) (2017) by Álvaro César de AraújoMuseu do Cerrado

Vocalização do Surucuá-Variado (Trogon surrucura)
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Trogonidae Family

Surucua trogon  (10.25 inches (26 cm)), Trogon surrucura

Anhuma (Anhima cornuta) (2015) by Álvaro César de AraújoMuseu do Cerrado

Vocalização da Anhuma (Anhima cornuta)
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Anhimidae Family

Horned screamer  (31.5 inches (80 cm)), Anhima cornuta, on its nest built on floating plants. A good indicator of water status, it tends to move its territory as river levels fall.

Frugivorous birds

Frugivorous or fruit-eating birds have short, curved beaks, with sharp tips that allow them to open fruits. They sometimes also feed on seeds. For example, many parrots, macaws, and parakeets (order Psittaciformes) have very strong beaks with sharp tips that they use to open large fleshy fruits and remove the edible parts from seeds. Toucans (order Piciformes), with their huge, serrated beaks that look like teeth, can eat large-sized fruits with thick skins.

Arara-azul-grande (Anodorhynchus hyacinthinus) (2017) by Álvaro César de AraújoMuseu do Cerrado

Vocalização Arara-azul-grande (Anodorhynchus hyacinthinus)
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Psittacidae Family

Hyacinth macaw (27.5–39.25 inches (70–100 cm)), Anodorhynchus hyacinthinus, threatened with extinction due to habitat loss and trafficking.

Arara-canindé (Ara ararauna) (2017) by Álvaro César de AraújoMuseu do Cerrado

Vocalização Arara-canindé (Ara ararauna)
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Blue-and-yellow macaw (29.5–32.5 inches (75–83 cm)), Ara ararauna

Aratinga-de-testa-azul (Thectocercus acuticaudatus) (2017) by Álvaro César de AraújoMuseu do Cerrado

Vocalização da Aratinga-de-testa-azul (Thectocercus acuticaudatus)
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Blue-crowned parakeet (14.5 inches (37 cm)), Thectocercus acuticaudatus

Araçari-castanho (Pteroglossus castanotis) (2018) by Álvaro César de AraújoMuseu do Cerrado

Vocalização Araçari-Castanho (Pteroglossus castanotis)
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Ramphastidae Family

Chestnut-eared aracari (17–18.50 inches (43–47 cm)), Pteroglossus castanotis

Tucano-de-bico-preto (Ramphastos vitellinus pintoi) (2017) by Álvaro César de AraújoMuseu do Cerrado

Vocalização do Tucano-de-Bico-Preto (Ramphastos vitellinus)
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Channel-billed toucan  (18–22 inches (46–56 cm)), Ramphastos vitellinus pintoi, endemic to central Brazil.

Tucano-de-bico-verde (Ramphastos dicolorus) (2017) by Álvaro César de AraújoMuseu do Cerrado

Vocalização do Tucano-de-Bico-Verde (Ramphastos dicolorus)
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Green-billed toucan  (16.5–19 inches (42–48 cm)), Ramphastos dicolorus

Filhote de Tucanuçu (Ramphastos toco) (2017) by Álvaro César de AraújoMuseu do Cerrado

Vocalização do Tucanuçu (Ramphastos toco)
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Toco toucan (11.75–13.75 inches (30–35 cm)), Ramphastos toco fledgling, in its first contact with the outside world, spotted in its nest, built in a hole in a termite nest.

Mutum-de-penacho (Crax fasciolata) (2017) by Álvaro César de AraújoMuseu do Cerrado

Vocalização do Mutum-de-penacho (Crax fasciolata)
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Cracidae Family

Bare-faced curassow (20.25–33.5 inches (77–85 cm)), Crax fasciolata

Carnivorous birds

Carnivorous birds feed on other birds and animals or carrion. They have pointy beaks, and their mandibles have a hook on the end, enabling them to tear the flesh off their prey and prevent their quarry from escaping.

Garça-branca-pequena (Egretta thula) (2017) by Álvaro César de AraújoMuseu do Cerrado

Vocalização da Garça-branca-pequena (Egretta thula)
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Ardeidae Family

Snowy egret (20–24 inches (51–61 cm)), Egretta thula

Maria-faceira (Syrigma sibilatrix) (2017) by Álvaro César de AraújoMuseu do Cerrado

Vocalização da Maria-faceira (Syrigma sibilatrix)
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Whistling heron (20.75 inches (53 cm)), Syrigma sibilatrix, unlike other herons, it flies with its neck straight.

Mergulhão-pequeno (Tachybaptus dominicus) (2017) by Álvaro César de AraújoMuseu do Cerrado

Vocalização do Mergulhão-pequeno (Tachybaptus dominicus)
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Least grebe (8.25–10.25 inches (21–26 cm)), Tachybaptus dominicus, diving to catch its prey: small fish, tadpoles, and invertebrates.

Biguá (Phalacrocorax brasilianus) (2016) by Álvaro César de AraújoMuseu do Cerrado

Vocalização do Biguá (Phalacrocorax brasilianus)
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Phalacrocoracidae Family

Neotropic cormorant (22.75–28.75 inches (58–73 cm)), Phalacrocorax brasilianus

Biguatinga (Anhinga anhinga) by Álvaro César de AraújoMuseu do Cerrado

Vocalização da Biguatinga (Anhinga anhinga)
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Anhingidae Family

Anhinga  (31.5 inches (80 cm)), Anhinga anhinga        

Tuiuiú (Jabiru mycteria) (2017) by Álvaro César de AraújoMuseu do Cerrado

Vocalização do Tuiuiú (Jabiru mycteria)
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Jabiru (55 inches (140 cm)), Jabiru mycteria

Carão (Aramus guarauna). (2017) by Álvaro César de AraújoMuseu do Cerrado

Vocalização do Carão (Aramus guarauna)
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Aramidae Family

Limpkin (24–27.5 inches (61–70 cm)), Aramus guarauna

Credits: Story

Museu do Cerrado
Director General: Rosângela Azevedo Corrêa
Technical Director: Bruno Corrêa
Curator: Rosângela Azevedo Corrêa

Photography: Álvaro César de Araújo
Born in Brasilia (DF), with an Arts qualification. He is an amateur bird photographer, a hobby closely linked to drawing and painting birds, which is a skill he has developed since he was a child.


He is an amateur bird photographer, a hobby closely linked to drawing and painting birds, which is a skill he has developed since he was a child. Photographs and sound recordings, displayed by bird family, made over a period of 8 years (2009 to 2017) during field visits to the Cerrado region, including 7 locations (Chapadão do Céu, Trindade, Alto Paraíso, Padre Bernardo, Simolândia, Formosa, and Goiânia) in the State of Goiás, 1 (Krahô Indigenous Territory) in the State of Tocantins, 4 (São Francisco, Abadia dos Dourados, Chapada Gaúcha, and Serra das Araras) in the State of Minas Gerais, 24 (including urban parks, the Brasilia National Park, Brasilia's Botanic Garden, and residential and rural areas) in the Federal District, and 1 (Riachão das Neves) in the western part of the State of Bahia.

See also
A look at the birds in the Cerrado savanna—Part 1
A look at the birds in the Cerrado savanna—Part 3

Credits: All media
The story featured may in some cases have been created by an independent third party and may not always represent the views of the institutions, listed below, who have supplied the content.
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