FROM SUFFRAGE TO EQUITY. 65 YEARS OF THE VOTE OF WOMEN IN MEXICO

In the elections of July 3, 1955, Mexican women went to the polls for the first time to cast their vote, to elect the federal deputies of the XLIII Legislature.

By Archivo General de la Nación - México

Cartas de nuestra identidad "El tiempo de las mujeres"Archivo General de la Nación - México

Mujer de tercera edad votando julio 1955 (1955) by Hermanos MayoArchivo General de la Nación - México

The right to vote for women in Mexico began on February 12, 1947, with the addition made to Article 115 of the Political Constitution of the United Mexican States, which allowed them to participate as voters and as candidates.  

Mujeres de la tercera edad votando (1955) by Hermanos MayoArchivo General de la Nación - México

Thus, it was established that women would participate in municipal elections, on an equal footing with men, with the right to vote and be voted on.  

El Diario Oficial de la Federación con la fecha 17 de octubre de 1953 (1953)Archivo General de la Nación - México

However, overcoming the legislative procedures would be a great obstacle that would take years, since it would be until October 17, 1953 that the constitutional reforms that would allow Mexican women to enjoy full citizenship would be enacted.  

El Diario Oficial de la Federación con la fecha 17 de octubre de 1953 (1953)Archivo General de la Nación - México

Doña María Izaguirre de Ruíz Cortines depositando su voto en las elecciones (1955) by Hermanos MayoArchivo General de la Nación - México

July 3, 1955, was when women in Mexico were able to exercise their right to vote for the first time in a federal election. Derived from the promise made two years earlier by Adolfo Ruiz Cortines during his electoral campaign.  

Casillas electorales en las elecciones de julio de 1955 (1955) by Hermanos MayoArchivo General de la Nación - México

In these elections, women went to the polls for the first time to cast their vote. On that occasion, federal deputies were elected to the XLIII Legislature.  

Fila en las urnas electorales Julio 1955 (1955) by Hermanos MayoArchivo General de la Nación - México

Despite the importance of this historical event, as it was the first exercise of freedom of decision for women, the true democratization of gender took many more years to germinate, due to the deep-rooted traditions in our country.  

Griselda Álvarez Ponce de León, gobernadora del estado de Colima de 1979 a 1985 (1955) by Hermanos MayoArchivo General de la Nación - México

Due to this situation, 24 years had to pass since the suffrage of women was fully recognized, consolidating with the figure of Griselda Álvarez, who proclaimed herself in Colima, as the first state governor for the year 1979.  

Mujer votando en la elecciones de julio de 1955 (1955) by Hermanos MayoArchivo General de la Nación - México

Female suffrage meant recognition of equality in political participation. Since then, the struggle of women for their rights to participate in decision-making in the country has continued.  

Casillas electorales en las elecciones de julio de 1955 (1955) by Hermanos MayoArchivo General de la Nación - México

Casillas electorales en las elecciones de julio de 1955 (1955) by Hermanos MayoArchivo General de la Nación - México

Today women increasingly exercise their leadership, playing outstanding roles in the social, economic and political spheres.  

Mujer enseñando su credencia de elector (1955) by Hermanos MayoArchivo General de la Nación - México

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