The Places Of Júlio Resende

Since 1997, Lugar do Desenho - Júlio Resende Foundation has been dedicated to the study, preservation and dissemination of the extensive collection of drawings by the painter.

By Rede Portuguesa de Arte Contemporânea a Norte (RPAC – Norte)

Lugar do Desenho - Fundação Júlio Resende

Self-portrait (1947) by Júlio ResendeOriginal Source: Lugar do Desenho - Fundação Júlio Resende

This exhibition invites us to follow an itinerary of places dear to Júlio Resende’s creative process. 

In Alentejo, the artist greatly reflected on his painting. In Porto, he freed himself from a triangular and angular structure. He travelled to various countries, but it was in Brazil and Goa that his compositional freedom and taste for colour indelibly marked his artistic production.

Ribeira (1985) by Júlio ResendeOriginal Source: Lugar do Desenho - Fundação Júlio Resende

Porto

Júlio Resende (1917 - 2011), born in Porto, authored a vast body of painting work developed between the 1930s and 2000s. He completed his training in painting in 1945 at the School of Fine Arts of Porto, where he taught from 1958 to 1987.

In Porto, he created two ceramic panels for the São João Hospital and the gigantic tile panel "Ribeira Negra" which is located at the exit of the lower deck of the Luiz I Bridge. This panel eventually become one of his most recognised works. 

Paris (1947) by Júlio ResendeOriginal Source: Lugar do Desenho - Fundação Júlio Resende

Paris

Resende's stay in Paris, where he settled in the winter of 1947, was of enormous importance in his artistic career, as it was for all the new artists who had been granted scholarships to study abroad. It was an opportunity to be exposed to an artistic universe and a range of references that were virtually non-existent in Portugal.

Paris (1947) by Júlio ResendeOriginal Source: Lugar do Desenho - Fundação Júlio Resende

Paris was still one of the world’s major centres, which allowed Resende to set off from there to the south of France and Italy, for a cycling trip through Brittany, on to the Netherlands, London and then to Italy again. 

He met some foreign artists during these trips, namely Mabel Gardner, the sculptor Zadkine, the Czechoslovakian painter Frantisek Emler and the Norwegian artist Oddvard Straume. These meetings would determine the holding of exhibitions in the Nordic countries and exchanges with these artists. In 1957, he promoted an exhibition of Portuguese artists in Oslo and Helsinki.

Alentejo (1949) by Júlio ResendeOriginal Source: Lugar do Desenho - Fundação Júlio Resende

Alentejo

In 1949/50, he taught at a small ceramics school in Viana do Alentejo, during which time he met the writer Vergílio Ferreira and artists Júlio and Charrua. The drawings from the Alentejo period unveil what we can consider the seminal cycle of his career after his return from Paris.

It was in this peaceful village in the Alentejo that Júlio Resende set up his workshop, with a window that allowed him to enjoy the serenity of the landscape, watching the animals and peasants passing by, "like an irresistible corps de ballet". (Júlio Resende)

Man walking (1949) by Júlio ResendeOriginal Source: Lugar do Desenho - Fundação Júlio Resende

 A period of contemplation and intense production that it would definitively mark the artist's research in response to the human and cultural involvement that surrounded him, as the statements that accompany his drawings allow us to sense.

Man with a jug (1949) by Júlio ResendeOriginal Source: Lugar do Desenho - Fundação Júlio Resende

After 1951, I would frequently visit the Alentejo. Some drawings and watercolours showed an evolution from a rectilinear to a curvilinear state. Recent experience of the coastline and its expansive people, as restless as the waves, have revived my expressionist temperament. (Júlio Resende)

Repairing the net (1954) by Júlio ResendeOriginal Source: Lugar do Desenho - Fundação Júlio Resende

Póvoa de Varzim

In 1954, Júlio Resende taught at the Póvoa de Varzim Secondary School. In 1955, he promoted the second International Art Mission in this town. 

Looking at the Sea (1954) by Júlio ResendeOriginal Source: Lugar do Desenho - Fundação Júlio Resende

My destiny as a "supply" teacher took me to Póvoa de Varzim, and there I would mix up with the people of the sea. The salty mist, the rough winter sea and its short days, justify the mystery contained in the black silhouettes of its women, working tools and a world of unrevealed things. (Júlio Resende)

Untitled (1954) by Júlio ResendeOriginal Source: Lugar do Desenho - Fundação Júlio Resende

In the 1950s, Júlio Resende perceived the cultural vocation of this town and invested in Póvoa de Varzim to hold the second International Art Mission, to which foreign artists were invited to dialogue with Portuguese artists.

Brazil (1977) by Júlio ResendeOriginal Source: Lugar do Desenho - Fundação Júlio Resende

Brazil

In 1971, Resende visited Brazil for the first time, embarking on a series of journeys that would only end in 2000. As a compulsive observer and artist depicting scenes of everyday life, these trips were marked by an intense production of drawings, which served as the basis for a new concept of space in his painting. Resende said that he owed to Brazil, especially northeastern Brazil, a new concept of pictorial space in his work, a space free of physical weight.

Brazil (1982) by Júlio ResendeOriginal Source: Lugar do Desenho - Fundação Júlio Resende

Watercolour was Resende's favourite technique in his various travels, mainly and during the 1940s/50s, becoming important again in the 1980s, when the artist was a constant admirer of the black forest, as well as the Brazilian Northeast.

Fisherman Cape Verde (1995) by Júlio ResendeOriginal Source: Lugar do Desenho - Fundação Júlio Resende

Cape Verde, Mozambique and Goa

In the 1990s, the articulation with Portuguese-speaking countries or countries with Portuguese influence was re-established, with the Júlio Resende Foundation promoting several artist-in-residence programmes in Mozambique, Cape Verde and Goa, which resulted in exhibitions in these countries and the publication of the respective catalogues.

Goa (1997) by Júlio ResendeOriginal Source: Lugar do Desenho - Fundação Júlio Resende

In Goa's most recent works, we can see a pronounced preference for what has always been a constant, a work stemming from urgent existential reasons. (Júlio Resende)

Figure (1999/2000) by Júlio ResendeOriginal Source: Lugar do Desenho - Fundação Júlio Resende

Lugar do Desenho - Fundação Júlio Resende

The creation of the Lugar do Desenho - Fundação Júlio Resende was one of the main projects he dedicated himself to from the final decade of the 20th century and the first decade of the 21st. Designed by the architect José Carlos Loureiro, it opened in 1997 on the banks of the Douro in Gondomar.

Solemnity (1997) by Júlio ResendeOriginal Source: Lugar do Desenho - Fundação Júlio Resende

Resende's work is currently exhibited in several national museums, including the Soares dos Reis National Museum in Porto, the Amadeo de Souza-Cardoso Museum in Amarante (partner of the Portuguese Contemporary Art Network - North) and international museums, such as the Museum of Modern Art of São Paulo in Brazil, the Helsinki Museum in Finland and the Maritime Museum of Macau.

Credits: Story

More information at

Lugar do Desenho - Fundação Júlio Resende
Rede Portuguesa de Arte Contemporânea a Norte
ALL THE WORKS MENTIONED ARE PART OF THE COLLECTION OF THE PLACE OF DESIGN Collection - JÚLIO RESENDE FOUNDATION

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The story featured may in some cases have been created by an independent third party and may not always represent the views of the institutions, listed below, who have supplied the content.
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