Formation of Rio Grande do Sul (1953) by Aldo LocatelliPiratini Palace
During the 1950s, under Ernesto Dornelles, Aldo Locatelli, who had recently arrived in Brazil, was commissioned to create one of the greatest murals painted by the artist. The Work should summarize the formation of the state according to the thinking of the time.
The family as the basis of the state
In the foreground, we have a family composed of mother, father and children around a fire pit. The image represents the basis of the state grounded in family values.
In the lower right corner, with their instruments for cultivating the land, the field workers are portrayed. The Azoreans, representing agriculture.
In the left corner, between cattle, we can see field workers linked to livestock. The primordial triad of the state: family, agriculture and livestock.
At the top we see a group of pioneers. With their trailblazing gazes, one of them points the way. They represent the conquests and territorial expansion for the glory of Portugal - according to the hegemonic thinking at the time.
In a prominent place at the top, is the figure of the indigenous person. Its presence at the time generated controversy, since for a current of historians of the period, everything related to the indigenous would be linked to Spain, and not to the Lusitanian matrix.
Jumping over the the state map, and restarting the cyclical narrative of the mural is the figure of the gaucho. There is a power tower, an element that would have been commissioned by the governor from the painter, as it was an achievement of his management.
What do you see, and what do you not see?
It is essential to emphasize the absence of blacks and other ethnicities as founding agents of the state. This is due, as we know today, primarily to the absence of technical references that cast a scathing look at such an important and inalienable aspect of our History.
Piratini Palace - Center for Conservation and Memory of the Piratini Palace
Texts: William Caetano
Photography: Fernando Bueno - Piratini Palace Collection
Editing: Mateus Gomes; Willian Caetano
Technical reference: OLIVEIRA, Luciana da Costa. O Rio Grande do Sul de Aldo Locatelli : arte, historiografia e memória regional nos murais do Palácio Piratini. 2011. 270 f. Dissertação (Mestrado em História) - Pontifícia Universidade Católica do Rio Grande do Sul, Porto Alegre, 2011.
Directed by: Mateus Gomes