Scale Model Ships

See the scale model ships of the expedition that would complete the first circumnavigation of the world.

By Naval Museum

Museo Naval

Model of the Victoria (2019) by Francisco Fernández González, Luis Fariña Filgueira, Fernando Sagra Sanz, José Antonio Álvarez ManzanaresOriginal Source: Museo Naval. Madrid. All rights reserved.

Nao is the Spanish term for ship; specifically, a vessel with large superstructures at the prow (forecastle) and stern (quarterdeck), propelled by a sail, and with a large load capacity.

These ships sailed the Mediterranean during the 12th and 13th centuries. The peak of their development came in the 16th century, when they became the protagonists of the great geographical discoveries and were used by the first fleets destined for the Indies.

Model of the Victoria (2019) by Francisco Fernández González, Luis Fariña Filgueira, Fernando Sagra Sanz, José Antonio Álvarez Manzanares.Original Source: Museo Naval. Madrid. Todos los derechos reservados.

The structural strength, the careful design of the hulls, the specialization of their masting, and their sails made them tough, seaworthy, fast ships, able to cope with the complicated seas of the transoceanic sailings.

Model of the Victoria (2019) by Francisco Fernández González, Luis Fariña Filgueira, Fernando Sagra Sanz, José Antonio Álvarez Manzanares.Original Source: Museo Naval. Madrid. Todos los derechos reservados.

Magellan and Elcano's voyage began with five ships: San Antonio, Trinidad, Concepción, Victoria, and Santiago.

These ships had to carry equipment, supplies, charts, and nautical instruments for a crew totaling 237 men.

Small-scale model of the San Antonio (2019) by Francisco Fernández González, Luis Fariña Filgueira, Fernando Sagra Sanz, José Antonio Álvarez Manzanares.Original Source: Museo Naval. Madrid. Todos los derechos reservados.

San Antonio

Cost: 330,000 maravedís
Load: 120 casks (288,000 pounds -144 metric tons)
Masting: 3 masts
Crew: 56 men
Deserted: The Strait of Magellan (returned to Seville)

Small-scale model of the Trinidad (2019) by Francisco Fernández González, Luis Fariña Filgueira, Fernando Sagra Sanz, José Antonio Álvarez Manzanares.Original Source: Museo Naval. Madrid. Todos los derechos reservados.

Trinidad

Construction: Bilbao
Cost: 270,000 maravedís
Load: 110 casks (297,624 pounds-135 metric tons)
Masting: 3 masts
Crew: 62 men
Wrecked or abandoned: 1523, captured by the Portuguese

Small-scale model of the Concepción (2019) by Francisco Fernández González, Luis Fariña Filgueira, Fernando Sagra Sanz, José Antonio Álvarez Manzanares.Original Source: Museo Naval. Madrid. Todos los derechos reservados.

Concepción

Cost: 228,000 maravedís
Load: 90 casks (264,555 pounds-120 metric tons)
Masting: 3 masts
Crew: 44 men
Wrecked or abandoned: Island of Bohol

Small-scale model of the Victoria (2019) by Francisco Fernández González, Luis Fariña Filgueira, Fernando Sagra Sanz, José Antonio Álvarez Manzanares.Original Source: Museo Naval. Madrid. Todos los derechos reservados.

Victoria

Construction: Zarautz
Cost: 300,000 maravedís
Load: 85 casks (242,508 pounds-110 metric tons)
Masting: 3 masts
Crew: 45 men
Wrecked or abandoned: 1570, on the journey from the Indies to Seville

Small-scale model of the Santiago (2019) by Francisco Fernández González, Luis Fariña Filgueira, Fernando Sagra Sanz, José Antonio Álvarez Manzanares.Original Source: Museo Naval. Madrid. Todos los derechos reservados.

Santiago

Cost: 187,500 maravedís
Load: 75 casks (198,400 pounds-90 metric tons)
Masting: 3 masts
Crew: 32 men
Wrecked or abandoned: Patagonia

Model of the Victoria (2019) by Francisco Fernández González, Luis Fariña Filgueira, Fernando Sagra Sanz, José Antonio Álvarez Manzanares.Original Source: Museo Naval. Madrid. Todos los derechos reservados.

Construction of the Model of the Victoria

Model of the Victoria (2019) by Francisco Fernández González, Luis Fariña Filgueira, Fernando Sagra Sanz, José Antonio Álvarez Manzanares.Original Source: Museo Naval. Madrid. Todos los derechos reservados.

The model of the Victoria was made between 2018 and 2019 in the workshops of the Naval Museum (Museo Naval), under the direction of Francisco Fernández González, by the model makers Luis Fariña Filgueira, Fernando Sagra Sanz, and José Antonio Álvarez Manzanares.

It is the result of two years of research based on data from Francisco Albo's sailing journal. This made it possible to determine the shape, dimensions, and angles of certain structural elements based on information about speeds, winds, and latitudes.

It was concluded that the ship must have had a waterline length of at least 125 feet (38 meters) in order to exceed the speed of 13 knots recorded by Albo.

The recent discovery of a shipwreck in the Baltic Sea, dating from the same period as the Victoria, revealed important parallels in the design elements and has been used to confirm the data derived from the research.

Construction of the model of the Victoria (2019) by Oficina de Comunicación Social de la ArmadaNaval Museum

Credits: Story

Organized by the Naval Museum, Madrid.

Online adaptation: Blanca Sazatornil, Alicia Suárez. Outreach Department, Naval Museum, Madrid.

This exhibition is part of the First Voyage Around the World project.

Credits: All media
The story featured may in some cases have been created by an independent third party and may not always represent the views of the institutions, listed below, who have supplied the content.
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